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The G. a. Gaskell Co., Publishers. 


VOL. VIII.-No. 5. 


A liltle more than ten years have elapsed 
since the Penman's Gazette first eaw the 
light of day. The initial number came from 
the press at Manchester, N. H., in January, 
1876. It had eight pages of the same s\ze as 
the Gazktte today, and was as stylish in its 
typographical makeup, probably, as the print- 
ing facilities of the town would permit. Like 
most other journals, before and since, tlie 
Gazette's excuse for demanding a subscrip- 
tion price (75 cents per annum) was tliat it had 
come to " fill an aching void." Prof. Gaskell's 
assurance on this point was so lucid and vigor- 
ous that no cliance reader could for an instant 
entertain the shadow of a doubt as to its genu- 
ineness. And indeed it did seem that there 
ouglit to be " an aching void " somewhere on 
this general line of literature, whether in point 
of fact there was one or not. In the whole of 
llie United Stales and Canada, with their then 
fifty odd millions of people, tliere did not exist 
a single periodical devoted !o the building upof 
pen art and tlie encouragement of pen artiste. 
Educational papers there v.ere, with perhaps 

live, healthy, progressive and aggressive ex- 
ponents of penmanship, not one was publislied 
in America, if indeed in the world. 


Eleven years before this lime. Prof. Gas- 
kell, then a young writing teacher in Newark, 
N. J., had issued the prospectus of a journal of 
ihis sort, to be called the Pcutiic it's Gazette. lie 
sent circulars announcing his purpose and 
soliciting subscriptions to such members of the 
craft as he happened to know ; but the responses 
were not encouraging. What money liad been 
coUecled was promptly refunded and the pro- 
ject went over indefinitely. Two or three 
years after this event (in '67 or "63), L. S. 
Thompson, a writing master of Sandusky, O., 
brought out the Teacher of Penmanship. This 
was a rather unpretentious lit'le paper of eight 
small pages, conspicuously weak in its letter- 
press and illt tfalions, yet on the whole en- 
liicly creditable to the brave man who had 
painted his name on the banner of the first 
regular penmanship journal. The Teacher 
never had much of a circulation, and died after 
a fitful existence of a dozen or fifteen months 
In the course of a year or so J. S. Conover 
began the publication of the old Western Pen- 
man at Coldwater, Mich. The Penman had 
many things in common with its predecessor, 
but was notably superior to it in typographical 
appearance. It managed to attract sufficient 
patronage to live on for two or three years; 
but though it made many warm friends in the 
liltle circle of professional penmen, the recep- 
tion accorded it by the general public was such 
that il finally froze to death and was gently laid 
away by loving hands. Subsequently, Mr. 
Coiiover attempted to warm it into life again 
under tlie title of the Penman and Acconntant, 
but the venture paid no dividends and shortly 
petered out. There was no other attempt that 
I am aware of to establish a Penman's paper, 
prior to the Gazette's coming. To be sure, 
EIl6worth,a copy-book publisher in New York, 
was issuing a little sheet called the Wn'tin^ 
Teacher; but this was little more than a circu- 
lar designed to advertise the Ellsworth publica- 
lions, and in no proper sense a representative 
penman's journal. So when the Gazette 
opened shop and hung out its shingle at Man- 
chester, in 1S76, it had no competitor, and Prof. 
Gaskell was entirely justified in thinking that 

his journalistic bantling supplied "a long felt 

Just how long the Gazette continued to 
supply this want I cannot say; when I came 
into the office a year ago the files were very 
imperfect. By hunting about industriously, 
picking up a copy here and there, they have 
been strengthened considerably, but are not 
vet complete. The first volume of twelve num- 
bers is unbroken, and the last of these speaks 
in the most encouraging terms of the paper's 
future. Prof. Gaskell announces that he has 
been successful beyond his expectations, and 
makes a good many promise.^ for the future, — 
most of wluch, I doubt not, were failhfullv ful- 

Payn Quackenbos (of blessed schoolday mem- 
ory), D. L. Mussclman, H. B. M'Creary, 
C. Baylies, P. R. Spencer, the elder ; I. S. Pres- 
ton, the poet Longfellow, S. S. Packard, G. R. 
Rathbun, James W. Swank and Fielding 
Schofield. Preston's autograph is done up in 
unapproachable Italians; Schofield's is smooth, 
chaste and delicate enough for a woman's; 
Ralhbun's, bold, strong, dashing; Swank's, 
profound and enigmatical. An endless circu- 
lar extension of the surname initial "S" coils 
itself around the preceding "J. W." in three 
bewildering rings, shutting oft" all avenues of 
escape, and suggesting a ground view of the 
planet Saturn and its zones. Yet this is purely 
a lay view. Every one knows of Mr. Swank's 
pen accomplishments, and Prof. Gaskell never 
passed an opportunity to speak well of them. 

filled. Nearly five years elapsed before the files 
show another copy of the regular edition. 
The first number isdated at Jersey City, March 
I, 1881. II contains the picture of an uncom- 
monly good looking young woman who lived 
somewliere up in Maine, and had by self prac- 
lice from the Compendium acquired an uncom- 
monly graceful and stylish ladies' handwriting. 
The editor announces that the reappearance 
of the G.\zette is due to the repeated 
solicitations of many of the most prominent 
people in the profession, and that the present 
number may be taken as the first of a never 
ceasing stream of Gazettes, due in subscrib- 
ers' mail boxes at regular intervals of one 
month. The next issue is dated at New York, 
and speaks very encouragingly of the outlook. 
The compact proposed by the party of the 
first part, the editor, is that in consideration of 
the patronage of the party of the second part, 
the public, he, the said party of the first part, 
agrees to make the Gazette the best paper of 
its class in the world, and to maintain il as such 

There is much to admire in that first volume 
of the old Gazette and a great deal to ponder 
over. It had a very jaunty air and an al- 
together distinguished and prosperous bearing. 
The printing of portraits and sketches of lead- 
ing men in the profession, — and occasionally of 
noted men outside of the profession,— was then, 
as now. a feature of the paper. In that first vol- 
ume the following notables were among those 
pictorially and biographically treated: George 

Prominent among the contributors to this early 
volume, besides most of those whose portraits 
were printed, were George Bancroft Griffilh. 
B. P. Shillaber (Mrs. Partington), A. H. Hin- 
man, D. R. Lillibridge, C.T. Miller, J. D. Hol- 
comb and C S. Chapman. Engraved pen 
specimens were not neglected. The artists who 
flourislied most in this line were Shaylor, Pres- 
ton, Halpert, Kendall, Loomis, Powers and 
Dean. Some fine work was shown, though 
marred to a considerable extent by indifferent 
engraving and printing. 

\V. E. Dennis figured at this period as the 
"boy wonder." ' Some scraps of his work weie 
given in the June number with the editor's 
assurance that "we consider him without 
doubt the finest penman of his age (16) in the 
world.'' Dennis was then living with liis 
parents at Chester, N. H. About two months 
later he joined Prof. Gaskell at Manchester 
and got this send-off in the Gazette : "W. E. 
Dennis, the boy writer, has been in Manches- 
ter for the past month, where he has been an 
object of as much curiosity as was Tom Thumb 
in his palmiest days. He is a fine looking 
little fellow, with agreeable manners and the 
shrewdness of the New Hampshire Yankee. 
He likes penmanship, he says, because Hfnys.' 
He has never, he tells us, had so much 'loose 
change' as since his writing has become 
known." That is ten years ago. Dennis at 
twenty-elx must feel every inch a veteran. 

Curiously enough, whenever Bro. Hinman 
"took his pen in hand" in those days to help 
brighten the pages of the Gazette, every in- 
dulger in the frivolity of flourishing, card- 
wriiing, etc., was sure to get a black eye. The 
following excerpt from one of his letters shows 
in what esteem he held that branch of pen art. 
"The ability to flourish quill pens, birds and 
Italian capitals does not entitle one to rank as 
an ornamental penman. The ability to execute 
a few graceful curves and designs on cards is 
really the Itnvest atiel moft ari/hiary fart o( orna- 
mental penmanship; yet there are hundreds 
who look upon this skill as worthy of securing 
to them fame and honor. While this kind of 
work is practiced by beginners in penmanship, 
as they advance into higher skill it becomes 
less and less used, till it is even regarded with 
disgust. **«»♦* So long as birds, 
cards, flowers, etc., represent the penman's 
highest skill, the public will regaid their 
efforts as tiifting, and will place their estimate 
on it about as they do upon the verses of a 
third rate poet, who starves ami wondets why 
poetry is not appreciated." (Italics minej. 
Just so, but that, in common with many other 
great men, our critic's mind was not entirely 
free from a little lean streak of the paradox, 
the following advertisement of his running at 
the time in the Gazette, will serve to show: 
"For 50 cents to $ 1 .00 I will send on fine Bris- 
tol board, a fine piece of flourishing, with 
name lettered and shaded in India ink, and 
will pay any penman double the amounts 
above f jr original designs equal in execution 
and size.'- Five years later Uro. II. had for- 
given the brats of the profession in some 
measure and let down a peg or two, his rather 
high-strung notions as lo flourishing- These 
words conclude an excellent article from his 
pen which appeared in the Gazette of Feb- 
ruary, 18S2, and they do liis judgment great 
credit: "While seriously questioning the 
policy of making use of a display ol skill in 
flourishing to win pupils to a school of writing, 
I cannot believe that the art Is useless and 
should not be taught at all. The exquisite 
touch and lightness of movement in writing 
may be rapidly gained through flourishing 
{sic.'\, and as an entertainment which will 
secure the long and patient practice upon ovals, 
curves and shades, flourishing serves as an 
excellent purpose [sic]. I believe that most 
penmen are skillful because they practice pen- 
manship gymnastics, or, in other words, flour- 
ishing [sic.]. A little success in flourishing is 
a great incentive to a student in writing, and 
establiahes a confidence in his ability, whicli is 
a great aid to success, [sic.] Beyond this ad- 
vantage, I question the use of flourisliing as 
an aid to any one." 

Commenting on the Hinmanistic assault on 
our docile friends of the swan and deer variety, 
Prof. Gaskell proceeded to demonstrate that all 
really capable penmen had hobbies. Spencer's 
was writing. Williams' flourishing, and Ilin- 
man's engrossing. This view is strictly borne 
out by the remainder of the article first quoted 
above. The observations it contains are just 
as true nowas then, and the younger members 
of the Gazette's family especially willdo well 
to note them carefully : "Any well informed 
penman in New York will not deny that there 
has been from $75,0:10 to $iod,ojo paid out 
in that city for ornamental pen work during 
the past five years, and at least $50,000 In 
Philadelphia in the same time. Where supe- 
rior skill exists it is liberally patronized. The 
kind of work in demand there is not birds, 


cards, etc., bul that known as engrossing. The 
prepar^iliijn of lestimoniahi, resolutions, etc., in 
rhc moi>t arli^ttc p.-n-letttring and pen-drawing 
oi" cmbletnalica! designs, borders and elaborale 
scroll work. The prices paid hy lodges, socie- 
ties and city councils for such work range 
from $10 to $500 for a single piece. Not one 
out of tweniy p.nmen in this country has any 
idea of (he amount of skill required to do this 
work, and an it is prepared lo order, it is to be 
seen only in the halls of the 


^vhile the 


1 the 

right and merit of public patronage, 1 do not 
hesitate to say that not one in thirty can, 
without 3 copy, execute the Roman alphabet, 
or even the common old English or German 
text, in a manner that would pass the inspec- 
tion of an engraver. While this is true of a 
large number who claim skill, hundreds of 
various alphabets must be at the coinmand of 
the engrosser. Many of the designs on sheet 
music, titles of books and borders, also the 
originals of diplomas, marriage certificates, 
etc., are frequently from the ornamental pen- 
men. In penmanship, as in all other arts 
there must be brains mixed with the work 
there must be something new and elaborately 
designed to secure re&pect and command 




There is another tid-bit from that old reposi- 
tory of chirographic sweets, which the progres- 
sive penman of this day cannot fail to enjoy. 
It is a copy verbatim et lileralim, of the diploma 
the elder Spencer used lo give the young man 
of the period when he had become sulliciently 
expert in the manufacture of primal Spencerian 
curves. No one can read it without being 
struck with the tenderness of the old gentle- 
man's afi'ection for his pet art — an art to the 
development of which the best efforts of his 
long and honorable life were dedicated. 
And no one can contemplate its fervid word- 
ing and miss connection with the shining fact 
that the great caligrapher aspired to be a flour- 
isher of language, as well as of letters. This is 
the document: 

"7'o Wlioin it may Couc€fH. 

"Mr. has with me this day completed 

a thorough course in Spencerian penmanship, 
embracing ladies' and commercial practical 
styles, with ornamental and drawing, evincing 
those prominent manifestations, refined taste, 
devotion and energy of purpose, which ever 
attend those destined to a position in the front 
rank of artistic excellence. He can execute 
correctly and explain truthfully, and is there- 
fore well qualified to take charge and conduct 
writing classes scientifically, and therefore, 
substantially giving satisfaction to all who are 
willing to think and fabor for the acquisition ol 
the art which is the record of the p:ist, the 
regulator of the future, the soul of commerce 
and messenger of thought. 

"Heis, therefore, with this diploma awarded, 
and is commended to the patronage of the 
progressive public. 

"Given at Geneva, Ashtabula county, Ohio 
this 14th day of May, 1S63, A. D, 
■'P. R. Si 
'Autlior and Teacher of Spei 

"My first 
Barlow, who was a Baptist 
tailor, and had the distinguished honor of 
being half-brother to Joel H. BarloM, of this 
city. TShis was in the winter of 1S39-40, in 
the backwoods town of Fredonia, Licking 
county, Ohio. The school was taught during 
the winter evenings, two lessons a _week;^the 
price being two dollars for twenty lessons, 
each pupil to furnish his own candle, snuffers 
and writing materials. The 'snuffing' was 
done with thumb and forefinger, the pens were 
made of the 'gray goose quill,' and the paper 
had to be ruled with a lead 'plun.mel.' The 
'rulers' were made by the pupils or their big 
brothers, and the plummets were hammered 
out of rifle bullets, punctured at the thick end, 
and hung about the neck )>y a string, so as to 
be handy when needed. And the ink, bless 
you! that was home-made loo; either manu- 
factured from ink powder, by adding water lo 
a proper consistency, or extracted from white 
maple bark through the boiling process; and 
it was put into lead inkstands, run in wooden 
moulds and ornamented with wooden 'stoppers, 
The inkstand was first filled, or nearly so, with 
raw cotton or wool, and then the ink was 
absorbing it so that it 
The knack of getting the ink 
he pen had to hi 
-orth knowing. Hi 

poured in, thi 
couldn't 'spill, 
out of this inkstand 
acquired, but w 

never bclore seen a live auHiur, and I looked 
uponthisman withgenulneawe. Heaccepted 
my deference with that dignified complaisance 
which only those who know their own worth 
can command, and was pleased to recognize in 
my work just that quality of merit and of de- 
merit which his own supeiior methods were 
born to direct and correct. Heat once informed 
Mr. Bartlettthat all I needed in order to stand at 
the head of my business was a few private les- 
sons from him in ofihand flourishing, and a 
copy of his book— all of which could be had 
for twenty-five dollars. I am sorry to say that 
although I took the private lessons (three in 
number; and the book, I have not now the 
slightest idea of the merits of either. I noticed 
that Mr. Knapp did not essay, in my presence, 
any complete forms. He gave me what he 
styled the 'elements,' and assured me that when 
I became perfect in these, I would have no 
difficulty in producing exact copies of any of 
tlie engraved specimens in his book. As I 
never became perfect in the elements, I never 
got beyond them." 

"I ha' 

Coming down to the second era of the Ga- 
zrtte's history, a wealth of material attractive 
to the rehasher is presented. The reminiscent 
was abroad in the land in those days. In 
point of fact there are several of him, variously 
known as Shalluck, Packard, Spencer (R. C.), 
etc. These gentlemen, and others, rattled 
around enthusiastically among the bones of 
the illustrious caligriiph departed, and brought 
up their spirits through a series of Gaze-tte 
fcaiieef. for the delectation of the more or less 
illustrious living. Mr. Packard was the pioneer 
reminioccnL He opened the campaign by 
sending lo the front three solid columns (non- 
p.iriel). spicy with recollections of the early 
writing school and master. \V;irming up to 
the work, he renewed the advance with re- 
inforced lines, closing the engagement with a 
bro.idsidc that opened on the first page, swept 
page Iwo clean from stem to stern, and seri- 
ously threatened the peace and quiet of a seedy 
looking pen specimen of the gtjiiis aijnUla 
that was lingering on the outer edge of page 
three. And there is some mighty good read- 

ill Ihis 

shall s 

taught what was known as the 'Carstarian 
system, differing but little from the present 
Spencerian. The style of small letters was 
what Spencer afterward called 'semi-angular, 
but the down strokes were all equally shadedi 
and the letters were more slowly and carefully 
formed. The capitals were drawn with great 
precision by the fingers, and had nothing of 
the dash and spirit which Spencer 

In the fall of the same year there cai 
through our part of the country a genui 
traveling writing master, by the name 
ShuU. He had with him a whole menage 
oi flourished beasts and birds, in all colors of 
nk, and all styles of ornamentation. There 
-vere elephants, tigers, rhinoceroses, whales, 
;agles, swans, and even reptiles, drawn on 
mmense sheets of paper, and spread out, show- 
bill fashion, on the walls of the country bar 
room! No such exploits had ever been ex- 
hibited before in that 'neck of woods;' and the 
solemn attestation which appeared at the bot- 
tom of each sheet, assuring the beholder that 
it was 'all done with a quill pen,' was the hard- 
est thing to realize. But no one doubted it, 
for wasn't the man here who had done it? 
Even the later performances of the lamented 
Williams were hardly superior to his achieve- 
ments. It was in Mr. Shull's hands that I 
first saw a specimen of P. R. Spencers writ- 
ing, and I well remember the impression it 
made upon me. It seemed, as no doubt it 
was, the most perfect style after which our 
traveling professor was trying to copy; but its 
perfection of form and shade stood in my eye 
as an unallainable idea. On the other hand, 
Shull's rapid, dashing style — payinglittleorno 
heed to the formation of small letters, but let- 
ting itself out in 'back-hand capitals,' and dis- 
porting itself in the wild luxuriousness of 
forty different styles, was just the thing to cap- 
tivate the heart of the rustic. I wish I could 
recall the names, as I can most of the peculiari- 
ties of those 'different hands." I took to them 
like a duck to water, and the endless love let- 
ters and verses in girl's albums that established 
my reputation as the 'crack penman of the 
county,' were such productions as don't appear 
in these davs." 

In another place Mr, Packard relates this in 
idem, which took place when he was the pen- 
nan at Bartlelt's College, Cincinnati : "One 
daj- there happened along a gushing and per- 
e individual from New York by the name 
of Knapp. He was gotten up regardless of 
sequences; wore patent leather boots, a 
nond ring and breast-pin, and the latest 
nkle in tailor's clothes. His locks were 
Hyperian and ambrosial, and clustered about 
his brow and neck in a way lo win a maiden's 
learl. He announced himself as an aulhor 
nd produced a copy of Knapp & Righlmeyer's 
iienman'8 paradise' in evidence thereof. I had 

frequently heard Mr. Spencer say 
that of all unpi omising clodhoppers with a pen, 
James W. Lusk was the worst he ever en- 
countered. And also, that of all earnest, pains- 
taking, unremitting, enthusiastic workers, he 
look the lead. He would work for hours and 
days at a single letter or a single line. He 
would rise hours before breakfast and buckle 
down to his work while others w 
and would reluctantly lay down his pen 
night, in lime to snatch the few hours of slu 
ber that nature demanded. He had a great 
vitality and endurance, and from boyhood up 
practiced the simplest habits of temperate 
living. The first thing to be said of him is, 
that his personal appearance was impressive, 
He was little, if any, under six feet in height, 
with a massive physique, a clear, speaking blue 
eye looking out from under projecting eye- 
brows, an attractive face altogether, and a voice 
of such quality that when he spoke everybody 
within hearing distance was inclined lo listen. 
His whole presence— physique, action and 
voice—was such as lo command immediate at- 
tenlion, whether from an individual or from an 
assembly. Lusk was In no sense a pen artist, 
and he had the judgment and discretion to rec- 
ognize the fact. He admired ornamental work, 
would have been glad if nature had endowed 
him with a gift lo execute it. But nature had 
done nothingof the kind, and he did not quarrel 
Ih her for the slight. He gracefully yielded 
the palm in thisrespecl lo Williams and Tracy 
and^he oncoming Lyman Spencer, while he 
stuck to his specialty of plain, strong, practical 
writing. His trained muscles were as exact 
I unswerving in their movement as the pis- 
oi a Corliss engine ; and whether he handled 
a crayon, a good steel pen, a stub of a quill, or 
the burnt end of a match, he never made a 
a weak letter. A favorite 
coup of his was to walk up behind a student at 
work, and bending over him seize his pen, and 
write a word or two of the copy. And he did 
with such ease and certainty, and such 
evidence of reserved power, that no lingering 
doubt rested in the pupil's mind that the king 
of writers was at his elbow. It was even Mr. 
Lusk's suggestion that the name 'Spencerian' 
was given lo Mr. Spencer's system of writing, 
as it was also due to him, in a great measure, 
that the published copies were brought down 
to exact measurement as to form, spacing, etc. 
With all his reliance upon blackboard illustra- 
tion, analysis and tnethodical instruction in 
classes, he had great confidence in the inspir- 
ing effect of a well written copy — and a fresh 
one at that — and hence, he never considered a 
teacher's work complete until a written copy 
was placed before each student. No teacher, 
whom I have ever known, did so much writ- 
ing for and in presence of the pupils, and none 
was surer to produce a class of uniformly cor- 
rect writers. The world has known greater 
men than James W. Lusk, but few have lived 
who hold a greener spot in the memory of 
those who knew him for just what he was." 

Rich in coloring as are the pictures that 

r. Shalluck draws of Lusk, Rice, "Old Sid. 

Pratt" and other shining examples that have 

gone over to the great majority, the force of 

circumstances compels me to draw the line at 

a single paragraph. It relates to the talented, 
erratic, much admire 1 and much lamented 
Williams:— "Walking up Broadway with my 
nephew, Geo. G. Castle, Ihen a student in 
Bryant A: Slratton's Commercial College, 
Brookljn, I saw -John D.' approaching; wish- 
ing to introduce my friend to so distinguished 
a penman as Williams, I hailed him and did 
so. On the instant Williams' face flushed up, 
and shaking his fist at him, he said: 'Yes; I 
have heard of you. I understand you say you 
can beat me writing or flourishing; name your 
lime and place and I'm your man.' For a lime 
it was in vain that I tried to convince him that 
he was mistaken in the man, that he was not 
a professional writer. 'Didn't you fay his 
name was Gaskell." 'No!' said' I; 'Castle.' 
Explanations followed, all shook hands, and 

In giving his testimony, Mr. Spencer, with 
commendable conscientiousness, never per- 
mitted himself to forget that a witness's obli- 
gation ii not simply to tell the truth, but the 
whole truth. The sole subject of his sketch 
was Victor M. Rice, In ten columns of the 
Gazette, running through two numbers, he 
traced the career of that gentleman from the 
cradle to the grave, evolved him, so to speak, 
from a mere insignificant protoplasm to the 
mature citizen, weighed down with honors, 
and with 230 odd pounds avoirdupois. Nor 
was there a line wasted. It is an admirable 
portraiture, drawn with the fidelity of the true 
artist, and draped with Ihe tender regard of the 
aft'ec'tionate friend and coUaberateur, It does J 
something more, too, than to exhibit Mr 
as he was; it reveals the breadth of mind and \ 
largeness of heart of its author. Mr, Spenci 
As has been said, the sketch is exhaustii 
Subject to the highest pressure of the Ga-| 
zette's condensing machine, it has been found J 
impossible, without impairing its rich individ- 
uality and flavor, to make its dimensions^ 
conform to the scope of these rambling 1 
views. A column and a half of disjointed e 
tracts are presented elsewhere in this isst 
Though marred somewhat from over-prunin 
I am sure Ihey will be read with interest. 

Apropos the approaching convention of th«j 
isiness educators, it seems that the co 
our distinguished brethren have not alwaj'sl 
en so harmonious as at present. This vlewl 
borne out by considerable fragmentary evl-l 
nee- I was particularly struck with a 
poon that appeared in the Gazette for Feb-' 

I over the nom de plume of "Recent." 
Some of you who read this may be able to I 
bring to mind the circumstances which called \ 

forth. I know nothing of thein, nor h 
the slightest idea as to who "Recent" i 
I wish I had. The "Business E 
and the "Strictly Penmen" have longi 
settled their old scores, fallen on each ' 
other's necks and wept tears of unspeakable 
gladness and forgiveness. And the Gazette, 
which I believe in those days trained with the \ 
"straight-laced," has become so deeply 1 
amored of the tenets of the "educators" that It ] 
had lo amend its title by the incorporatic 
that idea, "Recent," wlioever he may have ] 
been, was an uncommonly bright writer. That j 
he has ceased to scribble for the penmanship! 
press is apparent. No contributors to these | 
hibit such reso 

journals at this 1 

full t 

t of his letter: 

Editor Pen-man's Gazette:^5i/>-I don't 
know in what company you train — whether i 
you call yourselfa " business educator " or only j 
a "penman;" for I discover there is adifleie 
I discover it in readitig " Bob " Spencer's letter J 
to tl)e Penman's Arl journal, suggesting Lhel 
propriety of a penman's convention, to be held J 
in Cincinnati, as an adjunct or annex 
next meeting of the " Business Educate 
socialion of America." I wish you to noticel 
that 1 have placed my "Bob" between quota- i 
tion marks, as I would not presume 01 
familiarity of my own motion. I borrow from 
Packard and other of your reminiscent-S 
loose way of flinging around the names 
honored and honorable fraternity may 
questionable propriety, but i*. aOer al 

I go i 


ntion because I a 





nber of the 

educator in any 

vcniion called, not only becausi 
myself, but because I know of 
fraternity who are just aching for it. There is 
Minman of Worcester, for instance. You 
know him? He is always punching up the 
penmen to stand up for themselves, and not 
sell out to the business college oligarchs. I 
remember Hinman's brilliant effort made at 
the convention held at Packard's rooms in New 
York, in the summer of 1S7S. That was a 
"penman's convention,'' too, or was called 
such; but if I remember rightly it didn't pan 
out very well — thai is, for the penmen. It was 
a good advertisement for Packard, and helped 
Ames to become an organ for something; but 
after all it was a sort of rehash of the old Bry- 
ant & Gtratton Mutual Admiration Society, 
that used to meet around year after year as a 
sort of traveling show. The inlenlion was, as 
I remember, to make Bob Spencer president, 
but he didn't turn up, and so the venerable Ira 
Mayhew, of Detroit, was selected. The ven- 
erable lia made a most excellent presiding 
officer, and, in his valedictory, 
alluded to some incidents in his 
early life which drew tears from 
a bust of Horace Cireeley. that 
stood on a shelf back of the plat- 
form. Even Miller, who was 
secretary of the meeting, wrung 
a pint of wet tears from his 
pocket-handkerciiief, and Cady 
blew his 

be hired lo keep quiet about the "wiiling 
masters of the olden time," and Rice and P. 
R. Spencer (alas, poor ghosts;) are permitted 
to sleep quietly in their honored graves, and 
Hinman can have the run of the blackboards- 
"Let on the gas!" 

Victor M. Rice. 

Mr. Rice's talents and sympathies were 
largely popular. His views were broad, his 
manners easy, familiar, warm and winning. 
Nevei have I seen a man who possessed the 
power of Mr. Rice lo charm children, and in 
his best moods to delight, instruct, and inspire 
them, ile had a genius for teaching, and the 
power of fascinating his classes. He was full 
of the finest humor and pleasantry, which 
shone upon his smiling face and bubbled out 
in his words and gestures. His private ichool 
did not afford sufficient scope for his talents, 
acquirements and ambition. He saw the neg- 

live; but 

olion he 

.ve him 

lacking in that necessary element o 
which consists in careful attention U 
His mind was imaginative and inven 
his body, with its ponderous m. 
weighed him down. When once in n 
was an almost irresistible power ; and 
came to rest it was difficult to m 
again. He was, I think, about tl 
financier I have ever known. In thi 
he was a combination of Wilkins P 
and Col. Sellers. He had any number of bril. 
liant schemes for enriching himself and all his 
friends, upon which he would eloquently 
dilate, speaking in a confident tone at times 
quite amusing. No matter how much money 
he received for his services, his financial affairs 
remained in the same chronic stale of chaos, 
and he «as about as Impecunious with five 
lliousand as with five huntired a year. And 
yet he was honest. He would sit down, 
reckon up such of his liabilities as he was able 
to remember, count up anticipated profits, 
form his visionary schemes, and with a shout 
of triumph and deliyht, as if suddenly relieved 
of a heavy load of care and anxiety, strike his 
hands heavily upon the table, jump up and caper 

entirely, by Mr. Spencer, but were far from 
being a far simile of his writing at that time. 
Mr. Rice paid the cost of engraving, and 
owned a half interest In the property, includ- 
ing the plates. The appearance of these publi- 
cations, which were in two series, one for busi- 
ness, and the other for ladies' writing, created 
considerable interest, and they acquired quite 
a circulation, considering they were not 
pushed. Afterward, Spencer & Rice had en- 
graved on copper, in Buffalo, and published by 
Piiinney & Co,, of that city, a series of copy- 
books, which liad for that time something of a 
sale. About tliis time Mr. Rice, having be- 
come engrossed in public matters, and James 
W. Lusk, and Bryant & Stratton coming 
actively into the field of business education, 
of which good penmanship was from the first 
made an essential part, enlisted the co opera- 
tion of Mr. Spencer, who bought Mr. Rice's 
interest in the penmanship publications, which 
were soon taken to New Yoik, and placed in 

I awoke a sleeping 
ion Square. If th 


hands of the presen 

house of Ivisoti, 


keman, Taylor & Co. 

Mr. Rice probably 


er made anything out 

of his interest in 


se publications, and I 
he was reir 

very much doubt il 
nhursed for his ex- 


say nothing of 

d labor. Whether 

Mr, Spence 

r would ever have 

published h 

s penmanship had 

not Mr. R 

ce induced hitn to 

do so, I ca 

not say certainly; 


but I am qu 

te positive that Mr. 

not a pen I 

was from no lack of penm 
for there were Henry Spen 
and Folsom, and Shattuck s 
Soule of Philadelphia, and Pay 
son and Barlow, and A 
Miller and Cady— yes, and Hin 

At that 
a free lance against business 
colleges, and, after the methods 
of Dwight S. Dow, had been 
slaughtering the brethi en in the 
Western ci 

convention with a lecture in his 
stomach, and he was bound to 
get it off — and he did, 
at the fag end of the meeting, — 
even after the President's vale- 
ilictory ;but it woke up the sleep- 
<.Ts, and the dust from his rapid 
clialk marks on the blackboard 
went up to the ceiling, and 
hovered like a halo above the 
heads of the spell-boimd audi- 
ence. I forgot to say that his 
iship, and 
ihat at its close the teachers 
marveled one to another, and 
i^aid, ",What manner of gim is 
this that Cometh from the West- 
ern cities, and carrieth this im- 
mense calibre?" 

Now, Hinman can be relied 
upon for the Penman's Con- 
vention at Cincinnati, for he has always 
l>ccn down on business colleges and their 
I'ioated monopolists, who suck the life blood 
out of the poor writing masters, and he would 
"i;ike it particularly hot for the B. E. A. 
of A. and Ameb would be there as scribe, 
for Ames got his belly full at Chicago, in 18S0, 
when Peirce run the convention for what it 
wns worth to him, and H. B. Bryant held his 
hst. They simply made a dish washer ot 
Ames, and then kicked him out of the kitchen 
^^I'hout his wages, and of course the P. A. J. 
Ju-'t spat on the whole affair, and wouldn't say 
ai'.vthing nice even about the diimer at the 
"aimer House, where Peirce was toast master 
an<i Bryant dief de cuisine, and another chap 
I lan Ames was asked to respond to "the press." 
^"ce and Bryant gave Ames the privilege of 
Publishing the addresses gratuitously in the 
^; A. J., but he respectfully declined, and 
When he got back to New York, didn't he go 
^^ "le scalps of those wild Indians! 

iMg tause, as ne was ot many 
other things which havegreatly 
profited others without benefit- 
ing him. 

The noble, generous, appreci- 
ative and grateful pupil, strong, 
earnest man, so full of great 
expectations for his friends, the 
world and himself— the poor, 
but ambitious and brave boy of 
forty years ago or more no 
longer grasps the faithful pen 
that he wielded with such skill 
and effect, guided by the mvstic 
influence of those beautiful con- 
ceptions which were born and 
developed in the fruitful mind 
of his friend and preceptor. 
They both are dead, and yet 
they live together in the good 
wliich they together did as 
teachers and as men. They are 
linked through all time to every 
hand and brain, Ihat to their 
thoughts, forms and inspirations 

' "; I go in for the penman' 
°' I know there will be lots of fun there, if 
^P-^ncer, Cooper, Packard and Shattuck can 

lected condition of writing as a branch of 
instruction in the public schools, and in educa- 
tion generally, and desired to be in a position 
to place it where it ought to stand as a branch 
of popular education. * * * 

Sometimes it was difficult to work him up 
to a point where he would exert himself. He 
would idle away his time good naturedly with 
his friends, forgetful of his duties and obliga- 
tions. Occasionally his mind would seem to 
turn upon some subject of thought, and he 
would remain apparently oblivious of every- 
thing about him. Seating himself to work, he 
would keep steadily on for twenty four hours 
or longer without food, rest or sleep. There 
he sat like a thinking mountain, day and night, 
knowing nothing of time, hunger, or fatigue. 
When the work was done, he would rise, 
stretch his huge frame, go to the nearest res- 
taurant or hotel, gorgi* himself like an ana- 
conda, tumble into bed and sleep twenty-four 
hours on the stretch, and then carelessly lounge 
about until some other pressing demand com- 
pelled him to repeat the performance. He was 
a man of ideas, constantly forming grand 
plans, which were never executed. He was 

The Inler-State Advocate is 
the organ of the Normal Col- 
lege of Morrill, Kan. It con- 
veys the gratifying intelligence 
that Morrill is an exceptionally 
interesting town, and that the 
Normal College wasnever in 
better health or spirits. Also 

"W. W. Parsons has been 

around, declaring that in a short tim< 
would be out of debt, give liis friends t 
sands of dollars, have an abundance fo 
family and himself, besides conferring untold 
benefits upon the world. While holding the 
office of State Superintendent of Public 
struction, he was made president of a life in- 
surance company, and in consideration of the 
use of his name and some slight services, he 
was given a paid-up policy on his life for 
$2o,cxx), which was about all the provision 
made for his family at his death. * * * 

It was he, I think, who encouraged and in- 
duced P. R.Spencer first to publish his system 
and style of writing. This was one of Rice's 
grand schemes for making a fortune, and 
redeeming the world from all of its ills, so far 
as they can be reached by good writing. The 
first publication of P.R.Spencer's style and 
system of penmanship was made in 1848, un- 
der the name of "Spencer & Rice's System of 
Penmanship," and was issued in the form of 
movable slip copies, put up in strong manila 
envelopes, with printed instructions. They 
were engraved in New York, under Mr. Rice's 
supervision, from copies written mostly, if not 

'restling with r 



"C. C. Masheter will plow corn when 
measles let up. A stiff upper lip will cr 
you over many a hard struggle." 

"Hattie and Finney Spalding, Albei t II; 
Ethel Reid, and a score of others have 


"Geo. A. Brady has hired to our county 
surveyor. Does not carry the chain, neither 
the compass, but the girls miss him wonder- 

"Mary Nutting is now at her home. We 

all sorry 

"Len Mcssmo 
night last week, 
see his old cook, 
ing again!" 

From which wi 
neck-and-neck rac 
education, measle 



: dropped in upon us on 
juess Len is coming up t 
Beware, girls; Len is con 

The Gazette aims to keep its colunr 
of fresh, interesting and instructive mat 


Writing Lesson.— No. 8. 

build for 

lethod of teaching writing \ 

liformity in the handw 

■ely fail 

udent oj PeHmaHf.hip in the Public Scfiooh of Syranise, N. T 
[Copyriglilcd by Chas. R. Wells. All rights rcscrvti! . ] 

The value of a correct knowledge of form as the only true basis upon wh 
llie best results, has been fully recognized from the beginning of these lessons. 

It has not been claimed, however, that any special knowledge of drawing was essential, 
nor that any study of this art outside of its very limited application to the conslruction of a 
few types of form, is necessary to the successful study and practice of business writing. 

The experience of most teachers will, we think, support this position, and the main ques- 
tion at variance has been, and is, as to the relative order of taking up the work. 

Shall form in writing he undertaken as a distinct feature, and when mastered be followed 
by the study and prat^ice of movement.' 

Shall form be made primary, movement secondary, and this relation sustained until the 
object in view has been attained? Or, shall movement or execution be taken as the initial 
point, and by basing all practice upon standard types develop formation through movement.' 

It is ]ierha])s useless lo anticipate any immediate solution of tliis vexed problem; each of 
the plans enumerated has many able advocates, each of whom from his own standpoint of ex- 
perience finds ample ground to justify his faith in the usefulness of his chosen method. 

The writer of this, as the reader is probably aware, is a firm believer in the value of the 
last mentioned plan, a long experience in both college and public school work having 
vinced him, that when judiciously carried c 
to secure the most encouraging results. 

Nature herself is radically opposed to the idea of perfect 
different persons. Individuality in this, as in other respects, t 

This fact does not prevent us from drilling a class of scholars, so as to produce tlirough 
the medium of trained natural movements, a style of penmanship which may have many of 
the essential features in commo:], but it will most certainly defeat any attempt to mould per. 
manently the writing of all, or of any number, into exact conformity with any fixed standard 

The advocates of that method of teaching which turns the writing hour into a drawing 
lesson, commonly make the mistake of reaching conclusions from results as indicated by the 
work of expert penmen, rather than from results as shown in individuals who devote no i 
time to penmanship than to other branches; and while their theories as applied in the foi 
case may have some lorce, they certainly have much less significance when considered in 
tion to the great multilude of learners who have neither time nor inc 

In his own experience the writer has failed to find in practice that 
tween penmanship and drawing which is so generally supposed to exist. 

The artist is rarely an expert penman, and but very few of our peni 
artists oulside of their specialty. 

When the two are combined, a higher grade of results may be obtained as regards design 
finish and ornamentat:on, but with little direct influ.nce on plain writing 

Artists are born, not made, while experience abundantly proves that thoroughly compe- 
tent business writers can be manufactured from material in which the artistic motive may be 
entirely lacking. 

Archibald McLees is probably the best script engraver in his profession, and with a pencil 
can readily draw a word, or line of copy which is above criticism, but with ink, his ordinary 
penmanship is below the average, and at limes a little difficult to read. There is no resem, 
blance between his epistolary writing and the exact forms he is able to prepare for en- 

There is in this no suggestion that Mr. McLees does furnish copy or designB for the beau- 
I of the leading systems, but rather to indicate his ability 


relation be- 

; recognii 

tiful lines he has 
in this direction. 

The elegant specimens of penmanship produced by Mr. Madaraez are not excelled, and 
the style, finish and perfection of his work have won admiration from all; but in no other di- 
rection has he given evidence of possessing any more of artistic ability than is common. 

These two references will serve to illustrate that one may draw perfectly without being 
able to write, or that a beautiful penman may be lacking in that knowledge of form necessary 
to correct drawing. 

The lesson to he drawn from the foregoing suggestions by the Gazette writing class is 
that honest, faithful work, well directed is the real element tor success, and that the only 
natural qualification requisite is the motive which springs from an earnest desire to improve. 

Exercise No. 64. 

Where so many different copies are given in a simple lesson the tendency will be to go 
Over them in a superficial manner. The better plan is to take them up in regular order, prac- 
ticing from each until some degree of improvement is shown before attempting ihe next. 

Exercise No. 66. 

Tliese letters form a useful combination, and the exercise should be carefully written, 
riie first part of P and R forms like a narrow V, with shade near the bottom. Two shades 
nay be lorrned in each capital, 

ipacing between *mall letlei 
re intended to promote mover 
Mg the hand from letter to letter. 

• in mind that 
spacing eiiablet 

■ No. 68. 

^.., n are not presented as sped 

of the letters might answer sucli a purpose. "" 
better control of the m 

The copies i 
;tters mij 
n gaining a 

ens of business writing, although some 
: various combinations may, however, be made 
nt, and in acquiring (hat freedom necessary to 

Do not make the small letters in t 
nd Ihey may be practiced even smalle 
nth all the letters just touching the lit 

exercises of the less( 
) advantage. Aim to 


See that the ovals used in making the letter M are in correct form. 

Study the proportion, spacing, etc., in small letters ; observe that they are compact In form 
and resting on the line, and that the length o( word tfepends upon distance between them. 

Exercise No. yi. 

Make the capital stem of these letters with a hold swing of the arm, but will 
eve. Bring the shade entirely in the lower curve. 
Payattention lo thecurves in the linlsh of each, and make them like copy. 
Study the form of small letters and write the name with an easv, glidinj; mo 

Exercise No. j2. 

In practicing from 
to the left in forming it. 
shaded part rest on the li 

this, observe the shade in the capitals, and allow the hand to 
The finish of this letter should be formed like a capital C. 
ne, and bring the oval finish below. * 

After having practiced the nine exercises given this month with the muscui 
and without sliding slaeve, lift the arm enough to clear the table, but still restin, 
of third and fourth fingers, practice the capitals of each combination with a fre 
Then drop the arm and write tlie small letters muscular. 

Keep up your drill on the preliminary movements; practice without the f 

Go back and write a few pages of the coari 
hen try these exercises, and you will appreciate 

with 3 


The Difflcultj of n'rltlD? Cliinegc. 

Tlie written Chinese is not an alphabetic, 
Itiil a sign langujige; that is, the word* are not 
expressed l>^' letters, but by signs or chitrAclers, 
each word having its own special and distinct 
sign, each differing all the others. There 
are as many as ten thousand in common use, 
and twenty-five thousand— some say more, 
and one author says two hundred and fifty 
thousand dilTcrnt characters in their written 
language. To Icarn these twenty-five thou- 
sand, or even the ten thousand, !s almost an im- 
possibility ; so II is not probable that there lives 
any One person who can read all Chinese 

Old, bat Vet Trae. 

Turn our thoughts which way we will we 
find the art of writing intimately connected 
with alt the commercial and social relations of 
life. There is no trade, calling, vocation or 
profession, of which it is not the mouthpiece. 
It embodies thought in a visible language. 

Under ils magic power ideas assume tangi- 
ble form, and the eye may trace the operations 
of the mind. When we reflect that a brief 
practice, a few months at farthest, under a 
competent instructor, will enable even a child 
to command and use the potent instrument of 
thought, and m.ike it speak eloquently to the 
eye, and when we know its importance in all 

An Enormous Check. 

A ten-dollar-a-week Pine street clerk was 
boasting of the checks drawn for large sums of 
money which he had seen. 

yesterday," he said, "a check passed 
ly hands drawn for $175,000." 
faced young man with a pimple on 
■miled a sad, retrospective smile, and 


his chin s 
said : 

"I saw a bigger check than that last sum- 

er. A good deal bigger, to me." 

"How much was it drawn for?" 

"Dollar an' a quarter. It was a check (or 

•-cream."— .V. 1\ Times. 



Education— Politics— Morality. 

Ut , 

Tiake our education brave and pre- 
ventive; politics is an aflerwork, a poor patch- 
ing. We are always a little late. The evil is 
''one, the law is passed, and we begin the up- 
'''II agitation for repeal of that which we ought 
'>J have prevented the enacting. We shall one 
>'-iy learn to supersede politics by education. 
What we call our root-and-hranch reforms of 
slavery, war, gambling, intemperance, is only 
medicating the symptoms. Wc must begin 
higher upi'namely, in education. — Emerson. 

the relations of life, is it not strange that it oc- 
cupies a place in the background of our edu- 
cational schemes? 

How the '* School Ma'am " Happens. 

" How does it happen," asked a reporter of 
the Michigan City Disfntch, "that there are so 
many old maids among the school teachers?" 
"Because school teachers are, as a rule, women 

position for a $10 man," was the r< 
every school ma'am adhere to the 
ciple for the happiness of themseh 
good of the schools. 

ply. May 
same prin- 
es and the 

The Commercial College of Kentucky Uni- 
versity, situated in the heallhy, historic and 
society-renowned city of Lexington, Ky., re- 
ceived the Gold Medal and Diploma of Honor 
at the World's Exposition over all Colleges 
for system of Bookkeeping and General Busi- 
ness Education. If you wish to take a Book- 
keeping or Business Course, read the adver- 
tisement of this College in this paper, and 
write for circular containing engravings of 
World's Exposition, Educational Jury and par- 
ticulars to its President, Wilbur R. Smith, 
Lexington, Ky. 

Speed at the Type-Writer, 

Are there no "cr.ick" operators in the G.\- 
ZETTK fold? Brother Miner, of the Phoao- 
graphic World, has been hustling around 
among the type-vpriting fraternity looking for 
the fellow who can out-write all the other fel- 
lows. One of his discoveries. Mr. J. S. Rogers, 
of Camden, N. J., gives in his experience as 
appended : 

"In looking over my memoranda 1 find that 
on Wednesday night of last week, while work- 
ing on the OnotVi case, I wrote forty-three 
pages of legal cap, beginning with mv first 
take of short-hand at 6:30, and finishing at 
1 1 : 30. I finished taking my first batch of notes 
about 7:30, walked two squares for my lunch, 
returning immediately to my work, losing per- 
haps twenty-five to thirty minutes. The forty- 
three pages were taken in three batches, for 
the second of which I was obliged to wail for 
sometime,and the evidence having been taken 
in the second trial it was full of objections, 
rulings, exceptions, etc. I have often, in work- 
ing from six p. M. until three or four a. m, 
earned over $10; on one occasion, when the 
matter was not so solid, earning over $12 iS 
in that lime. 1 seldom average less than $1 
per hour for this class of work, and when 
writing on the machine from dictation run out 
fifteen to eighteen pages of legal cap per 

I differ from Mr. Longlev in his opinion 
that the speed mentioned comes from the fact 
of four fingers and the thumb being used, and 
think a thorough familiarity with the location 
of the letters on the key board of much more 
importance in the attainment of speed, as tliere 
are comparatively few combinations of letters 
where the use of more than two fingers of 
each hand would be an advantage. Several 
yeara ago I lost the end of my middle finger 
on the left hand, and having learned to use the 
Remington from the instruction book fur- 
nished with each machine, advocating the use 
of two fingers on each hand, I never took the 
trouble to change, and now use one finger on 
the left and two fingers on the right hand, 
using the right hand middle finger for the 
*pace bar. This may seem awkward to many 
of those now using the machine, but I get 
along at a pretty lively rate generally. 

" I do not mention this because I consider it 
an extraordinary feat, but with a view to draw- 
ing out some of our really 'crack' operators. 
Give us figures for a sitting of four or five 
hours, and not minutes." 

The Mightiest of Weapons. 

We believe it was Bishop Clark who gave 
expression to the following eloquent observa- 
tions about the pen: 

"The place which the pen holds, in advanc- 
ing and controlling civilization, cannot be 
over-estimated. It does more work for its cost, 
than any other tool. It is the cheapest instru- 
ment in use, and the most effective. The say- 
ing is very trite 'The pen is mightier than the 
sword.' It may be more destructive than the 
sword and more to be feared. There is noth- 
ing handled by man capable of so much 
good and so much harm. It can build 
up , ■ ' 

can dissei 

can kill 


us with joy and it can weigh 
misery. The tongue is a lively 
boasteth great things, but its power m.ny cease 
when the noise stops; but what is written Is 
written and abides. The counsel is often given, 
'Be careful what you put on paper. There 
may be some doubt as to what you have 
uttered with the mouth, but if your own hand- 
writing Is produced in court there is no gain- 
saying it.' 'Oh, that mine adversary had 
written a book!' exclaimed the man of Uz., 
in the depths of his humiliation and grief. It 
strikes us as a somewhat singular wish; but 
Job felt that if he could only induce his oppo- 
nents to commit themselves in writing he 
might have them at an advantage, it is a very 
serious responsibility for one to take a pen inio 
his hand. The writing of a single name may 
send a man to prison. I have often wondered 
what became of all the old pens. If they 
could come together in council, and tell all the 
secrets that have flowed through their sharjj 
nibs, what a revelation it would be!" 


Director of the Chaiitanqua Sfliool oj Bust 

[Copyrighted by < 

Andrew Miller is this day admitted as an active partner in llie business. 
He invests as specified below, and is to share equally in the gains and losses. 

) Main St., to whicli the busine: 

, four drays, harness, etc., valued at $775. 


A. P.Jackson's note, dated Auburn, N. Y., June 10, 18S6, at tluee montlis, lavor of 

Andrew Miller, for $3,500, payable at Cayuga Co. Bank. 
Enter this under bills receivable account and as re reived, and credit Andrew Miller. 
Miller personally guarantees the payment of this note. 
Cash items, $4,600. 



Aug. s- 

The firm name to be & Miller, and is to be used in signing all obligations, 

recei|)ts, etc. Each partner should have a separate account in the ledger. 
The student's account should be charged with the losses, and credited with the 
gains for July, the amount balanced, and the balance brought down, as shown in 

the May Gazette. 
The loss and gain accounts for July should also be closed, and the inventory of 

indse. brought down. 
Balance cash and bank accounts, and bring down balance; see that these balances 

agree wilh statement in July Gazette. 
Rule up the above accounts, as indicated in May Gazette, in red ink. 
The Merchants' Bank has paid your acceplance, favor Gordon & Williams, due 

July 31 (Aug. 1 beirg Sunday.) 
Crtilit Ihe bnrk. and tnler as p lid under bill payable account, 
Depusit in Merchants' Bank, cash, $4,750. 

Buy of Johns, Hayden 250 % bbls. stand, shore No. i mackerel at $12.15. 
Sell Geo. K. Lapham 240 doz. pickled lobster (glass) at $4,25. 
Sell Samuel Rawlison & Co. 100 boxes cut-loaf sugar, 6,000 lbs. at 9c. 
Buy of P. Kingsley & Son 500 i % lb. cans Dunbar figs at $3.25. 
Buy of Bayard & Thompson 800 doz. i lb. R & R. lunch ham at $2.85. 
Buy of Simpson & Miller 750 cases white clover honey, 18,000 lbs. at 15c. 
Receive of Daniel F. Gr;^Jiam his check for $780 on account. 
Accept Gordon & Williams' draft of the 3d inst. at 15 days sight, their favor for 

$1,250 payable at Merchants' Bank. 
Use Ihe firm name in entering business paper under bills payable or receivable. 
Sell Hudson & Crane 475 doz. L. C. peaches (glass) at $4.10. 
Sell Oslrom & Judson 175 ^ bbls. stand, shore No. i mackerel at $i2.6v 
Geo. K. Lapham has this day accepted your draft of 4th inst., 15 days sight, in your 

favor, for $2,422 53, payable at Oneida Co. Bank. 
Sell Chapman & Linton 375 cases white clover honey, 9,000 lbs. at 18c. 
Accept P. Kingsley & Son's sight draft for $1,000, making it payable at Merchants' 

Charge P. K, & S., ^nd credii the bank. 
When a sight draft is presented for payment, if you write across Ihe face in red ink, 

"Accepted Aug. 7, 1S86. payable at Merchants' Bank," and sign it, (which would 
)iding in this case,) the bank will pay the same as if it was a check. 
Sell Daniel F. Graham 503 doz.. 1 lb. R. R. lunch ham at $3.15. 
Send Bayard & Thompson check on Merchants' Bank for $950. 
Received of Henry Hall $29.38, and Amos Cook $24.13, cash for carting. 

Andrew Miller draws out for personal use, cash, $375. 

Pay bill for hay, oats and straw in cash, $3575. 

ChjirgL- d.ayage acrount, and credit caah. 

Sell Park Emerson 500 1 j^ lb cans Ilunbar figs at $3.40. 

Pay bill for freight by check on Merchants' Bank, $118. 

Buy of Gordon & Williams 500 bbls. coffee C sugar, 148,213 lbs. at 5^c. 

Pay John Pitman |i6, Geo. Adams $1475, and Selh Finn $15.25, in cash tor ser- 

ChLirge dinyajje account, and crtdit cash. 

I & Co. 75 Yi bbls. Stand, shore No. \ mackerel at $12.55. 
arlage done for the firm to date by their own draymen, $66 75. 


Accept Simpson & Miller's sight draft for $1,099.60, payable at Merchant 
Receive from Samuel Rawlison & Co. their check for $1,59375 on accoui 
Oslrom & Judson have this day accepted your drafl of 9th inst. at 10 c 

your favor for $1,131, payable at Watson's Bank. 
Sell Geo. K. Lapham 2co bbls. coffee C sugar, 59,232 lbs. at 5^3^c. 
Sell Samuel Rawlison & Co. 300 doz. i lb. R R. lunch ham at $3 20. 
Accept John S. Hayden's sight draft for $1,460, payable at Merchants' Ba 
Sell Hudson & Crane 375 cases white c'over honey, 9,000 lbs. at 17c. 
Give check on Merchants' Bank to pay Bayard & Thompson's drutl; on 

days sight for $2,280, less discount. 
Chnrgc Bayiird St Thompson for amoiml of check, $2,173.16. imd for discount, %b.%i„ " 

This is 
Sell O; 

e where you pay a time draft on presentation, and save the discount. 

& Judson lOD bbls. coffee C sugar, 29,617 lbs. at s^c. 
iccive of Geo. K Lapham his check to prepay his acceptance due Aug. 24, lesi 

r>t. ^.o 



Sell Billings, Swan & Co. 200 bbls. coffee C sugar, 59,233 lbs. at 5>^c. 
Deposit in Merchants' Bank, cash, $2,000. 

You draw out for personal use, by check in Merchants' Bank, $465. 
Buy of Gordon & Williams 250 % Ch, E. B. tea, 14 250 lbs. at 65c. 
Rcciiveof Samuel Rawlison A: Co. their note dated Aug. 13, 1SS6, at 3oda\s, yo 
Hnor for $1,500, payable at Bank of Rome. 

Aug. 16. Make a draft c 

al 30 days after date, your favor for $3,916.72, 
Bank, and the proceeds placed toyourcreili 

Buy of Simpson & Miller 500 bags Java 
Receive of Geo. K. Lapham check for $ 
Make a sight draft on Park Ei 

Jle(dis. ..tMcr. Bur 

2,500 lbs. at 5 ;^c. 

for $2,555 ""J deposit in Merchants' Bank. 
30 days, your lav 

Sell Daniel F. Graham 100 yi Cb. E. B. tea, 5.713 lbs, 
Receive of Hudson & Crane thtir note dated Aug. 15 

for $2,897.67, payable at Bank of Geneva. 
Sell Samuel Rawlison & Co. 200 bags Java rice, 4^,000 lbs. at 6c. 
Pay Geo. Adams $14.50, J. Pitman $15.35, and Seth Finn $14.15, 

, fors 

Aug. tS. Sell Chapman & Linton 75 >i Ch. E. B. tea, 4^^75 lb=. at 67^c. 

Buy of P. Kingsley *f Son 1,000 doz. No. 3 G. G. apricots .it $3,35. 

Receive of Billings. Swan & Co. check for $2,321.45 on account. 

Deposit in Merchants' Bank, cash, $3,000. 

Receiveof Amos Cook $30.45, Phillips Green $21.60, and Henry Hall $32.1 
cash tor carting. 

Charge cush. and credit dr-iynpe account. 
Aug. ig. Send Gordon & Williams check for $7,896.63 on account. 

Amount of carting done for firm since Aug. 10, $48.75. 

Chnrae expense, and (rcdit drayage account. 

Sell Hudson & Crane 500 doz. No. 3 G. G. apricots at $3.55. 

Send Simpson & Miller your sight draft on Chapman & Linlon/or $2,737.50. 

The Merchants* Bank has collected Park Eir 

; the iSth. 


Sell Park Emerson 75 % Ch. E. B. tea, 4,279 lb«. at 67c. 

Sell Ostrom & Judson 100 bags Java rice, 22,5'o lbs. at 6c. 

Accept John S. Hayden's draft of iSlh inst. at 15 days sight, his favor, for $3,000, 
payable at your bank. 
Aug. 31. Buy of Bayard & Thompson 600 doz. 6 lb. cans corned beef at $7.25. 

Sell Chapman & Linton :oo bags Java rice, 22,503 lbs. at 6c. 

Buy of Simpson & Miller 500 % bales Mocha coflee, 37,538 lbs. at 24c. 

Send P. Kingsley & Son check for $1,700 on account. 
Aug. 2j. Sell Billings, Swan & Co. 200 % bales Mocha coffee, 15,016 lbs. at 26c. 

Buy of John S. Hayden 1,000 % bbls. extra No. i mackerel at $7.32. 

Pay for clerk hire by check on Merchants' Bank, $75. 

The Merchants' Bank has paid your acceptance, favor Gordon & Williams, due 

Aug. 34. Pay Adams $14.50, Pitman $13.85, and Finn $15.50 for service on drays in cash. 
Sell Park Emerson 500 doz. No. 3 G. G. apricots at $3.54. 
Sell Geo. K. Lapham 400 % bbls. extra No, 1 mackerel at $7.65. 
Send P. Kingsley & Son check on Merchants' Bank for $3,000 on account. 
Deposit in Merchants' Bank $2,500. 
Aug. 2$. Give Simpson & Miller your note at 20 days, their fa\'or for $5,000 payable al Mer 
chants' Bank. 
Receive of Daniel F. Graham his check for $2,000 on account. 
Aug. 26. The Merchants' Bank has collected Ostrom &Judson's note due 25th inst. 

Accept John S. Hayden's draft of 23d inst. at 20 days sight, their favor for $3,697.50, 
payable at Merchants' Bank. 
Aug. 37. The Merchants' Bank has paid your note, favor John S. Hayden, due this day. 

Accept Bayard Si Thompson's draft of 25th inst. at 15 days sight, their favor for $2 - 
675, payable at Merchants' Bank. 
Aug. 2S. Make sight draft on Billings, Swan & Co. for $4,500, and deposit it in Merchants' 
Send Gordon & Williams check on Merchants' Bank for $^,000 on account. 
Aug. 30. Receive of Park Emerson his note dated Binghamton, Aug. 28, 1 
for $3,850, payable at Brown Co. Bank. 

r sight draft on Geo. K. Lapha 

Charge G. &. W., and credit Laphain. 

Pay bills for freight by check on Merchants' Bank, $213.75. 

Pay Fenn $16.25, Adams $15.75, ^nd Pitman $15, for service on c 

Cartage for firm to date as per memorandum, $75.26. 

6, at 20 days j 
for $3,500 . 

The Merchants' Bank has collected Hudson & Crf 

ICO bags Java rice, is.ioo lbs. at 5 J^c. 
300 % bales Mocha coffee, 22,522 lbs. 1 

600 ^ bbls. mackerel at $7.32 , 

600 doz, cans corned beef at $7.2 5 

J note due 28th inst. 

' '.237 50 
5.405 28 
4.39^ 00 

Inventory of drayage 
After posting the 
Next close the accoun 

Gain, crediting it for all gal 
Divide the net gain by 

$15,384 78 

ount by this ent 
The trial balar 

for August, take off a trial balance, and prove your work, 
showing losses or gains into a new account, called Loss and 
, and debiting it for all losses, 
and credit each partner for his one-half, closing the loss and gain 

Onr Retired Frieud, the Gray Goose (fuill. 

A correspondent wishes to know when the 
quill pen «as first used, and by whom. The 
question has been often asked, but if adefiniie 
and entirely satisfactory answer has been 
given, the Gazette has unwiittngly passed it 
by. According to the history of Constaniius, 
quills were used for writing as early as the 
fifth century, "Reeds and feathers" are enum- 
erated among the instruments employed for 
writing by an author who died A. D. 636. 
This is the oldest authentic reference to quill 
pens of which we have know ledge. Reeds, it 
may be stated, preceded quills as' writing in- 

struments. They were split at the end and 
shaved to a point, much the same way as quill 
pens were subsequently made. Adhelm, a 
Saxon writer of the seventh century, wrote a 
poem upon the pen, and Alcuin, the tutor of 
Charlemagne, who liv(d in the next cenlury, 
somewhere mentions the quill as a wHlIng 
instrument. Abundant proofs exist which 
put the question of their use after that" time 
beyond doubt. A manuscript gospel of the 
ninth century represents the Evangelists with 
pens in their hands. 





79 and 8i Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 


r the United States and Ca, 

linglc box. pott-paid, or /aur boxii /or %l. 

79 W«b«sh «vt5ut, CHICAOO. 


rg, &e., die. 

leading penmen of EngUnd, Germany, trance and the United States— the most superb work ever published in a book ! 
These pfaies have cost a large sum. It conuins nearly 300 royal quarto pages. tU^/intly bound. In short, it is the most 
remarluble book of the kind ever published in the world. The prlc« la S5.00, lor which it will be mailed pre- 

1^" Special to every subscriber of the Gazette. 

For a club of Ten Siibecriptlons to the "Gazette and Educator" and $10, we give this ele 
gant book free. To every Suu'^criber to the Gazkti k, we will mail a copy postpaid, on re- 
ceipt of if 3 75. SPECIAIj OFFER I Address all Orders to 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO.» 79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 


of price, 
d pencil at- 

Mailed postpaid on receipt of price. Address 


79 Wabash Avenue. CHICAGO. 


'"-^ Self-Teaching Penmanship, 


Not Hundreds, But Thousands ! 

P«n'acq,'iiid"olely b^'_'«ir- 



iner, and, consequently, 

Iwriting. The use of it 

by adults also, would infallibly reforni a bnd 

■ ' inftlf - ■ '■ 


polling their handwriting. The ui 
■ ■■ ■ ould infallibly r ' 

Ich, in almost »1 

Sent by mall, poatpold, 

liip. ' Sent by mail postpaid for 13 cents, Ihtcu for 30 cents. Aildress ail orders to 


79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 



tlic'wortd. '^NBTll^Ti.Vb"ack?an(rhavii?L' a p^cubarlv smo th flow andvery DtTRABlB. WritinK done with 
this ink .iEblren year, aeo on book., ii stSl a PERFKOT BLACK, not l.a.i;,ir even lo.t .1. beantir.d Blo.jor 
shown the slighte.t tendency to torn yell, w. I his ,nk i. p.,1 u,. in elesont .if ounce stand., and will send halt 
''°nt^''''fV™fo,>'thSin°k'a\r,rvriv; ',°„'„?„'?a"e,"";;J;. „"« .. al. ink. most he ..nt eilhec by fteieht o, 
express!^" S^nffle b Hies sell at rciai! for jj cents, but we cannot .end by mail. AKent. wanted. Will make 


79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 




The C. a. GASKiiLL Co., Profrietors. 

JOHN FAIRBANKS. General Manag< 

Write for thb Pkbss, clolh (no other style ol 

spkndiU $s Hand B.iok fi 



• friends will please send all oi 

Address such letters a 


79 Wabash Ave. 




[N, with Us lorrid breath filter- 
ing ^-oiir surplus energies through the pores of 
_jour skin, and making most welcome any op- 
portimity of relief from the cares of business. 
The lired merchant is packing his grip for a 
flight to mountain or sea; the shop «orn clerk 
inops the perspiration from his brow, and offers 
a silent p:uan to the philanthropic inventor of 
the early closing movemerit; the utterly fraz- 
zled school urchin forgets the t'ials of his late 
period of servitude in joyous contemplaiion of 
a three months' eternity of freedom and frolic; 
the weary teacher, — what is he going to do 

One excellent chance open to him for the 
best of recreation,— that which combines im- 
provement with entertainment,— is to attend 
one or mere of the conventions held for an 
interchange of thought between those ol his 
class. It doesn't make Ihe slightest difTerence 
what sort of a teacher he may be or what he 
may teach ; he will have no trouble in finding 
convenlions that fit him and his occupation as 
closely as though I hey had been made to order- 
It he \b a teacher of ordinary branches, there is 
Ihe National Convcnlion at Topeka, besides 
the thousand and one Slate, District and 
County Conventions, all anxious to be favored 
with his presence. If he is a teacher of elocu- 
tion or oratory, the latch string of the very 
inviting Niagara Falls meeting hangs out to 
him. If he is a disseminator of commercial 
knowledge, the New York Convention is the 
place for him. If he fulfills either of the fore- 
going conditions, or all, or neither, the great 
assembly at Chautauqua cannot fail to be at- 

The G.\. 

admiration for the gk 

thoroughly in love with 
in it has expressed 
idea that brought 

that organization into being, and for the glori 
ous manner in which that iJea is being devel 
oped. Chautauqua has come to stand for some 
thing distinct in our educational system,— fron- 
old methods a Ihing apart; something that 
tends to the upbuilding of the people, and offert 
to Ihe humblest the privileges and the bless 
ings of human enlightenment. The assembly 
program for the present season, wh 
lakes in the months of July and August, 
perhaps the most elaborate, varied and atti 
tive ever presented. Fortunate indeed is 
teacher who shall Le able to spend a port 
of his vacation on the shores of the beautiful 
Chautauqua Lake. 

From what the Gazette can see i 
learn — and it has studied the outlook with 
terest- the Business Educators will have 
reason to regret the decision which brought 
them to New York this year. The details of 
the meeting have been carefully arranged, and 
nothing remains but for Ihe edi 
agrtcable and useful to one another as they 
know how to be. There will be essays upon 
all pei tinent subjects, by all sorts of essayists. 
Men will be present whose twenty-five and 


1 the school 

room sits upon them as lightly as their new 
Panama hals;men who have scarce passed ihe 
thresholJ cf a college, stoop shouldered, stag- 
gering under the weight of gigantic intellects: 
modest men, content to sit and drink in the 
wisdom of oihers, and who cannot second a 
motion without accelerating their pulse beat; 
fussy, forward men, who insist on speaking 
five times to every question, and telt all they 
know in ten minutes. At least, most cor 
tions have these elements, and even suci 
aggregation of learning as the Business 
cators' Association cannot be expected to fly 
in the face of time-honored precedent and pop 
ular expectation. 

The Gazette is not disposed to be meddle, 
some or officious. It appreciates the good 
work llip Educa'ors are doing and is in hearly 
sympathy with the objetts of the Association. 
The interest it feels in the welfare and comfort 
of the Educators prompts a few off-hand sug. 
gestions, which may help to keep them awake 
; the well meaning essayist labors with 
bstraciions and distractions of *'penman- 

After the President shall have expressed his 
licitations to the convention, and the conven. 
m bowed and smiled tjieir felicitations to the 
President, let that dignitary appoint a com- 
iltee to take a census of the members present, 
d ascertain definitely how many of them are 
vertising their respective schools as "The 
very best in America." The report of the 
nitlee would make an interesting volume. 
The Gazette, understand, is makingno com- 
plaint. It is only a little "mixed" from read- 
ng the positive assurances of so many school 
ournals, each establishing with a mathe- 
matical clearness, the fact that the institution 
from which it emanates offers the interding 
Indent inducements superior lo those of any 
other school in this world -and probably in 
:ext. There can be no question that a 
ague of the schools which are "Ihe best 
inerica," and each of which is infinitely 
better than any other, would be a very valuable 
I well as a unique contribution to the com- 
lercial literature of the day. It would, besides, 
clear up some very oppressive doubts which 
present may be said to linger in the minds 
of the general public. 

This important tabor performed, ihe con- 
mtion should lose no time in appointing a 
Committee'of Investigation and Definition of 
[less College Nomenclature. The princi- 
pal duty of this committee would be to ascer- 
md make known the relative commercial 
significance of the various names applied to 
commercial schools. A most eflfective 
way of doing this is by the publication of a 
map, drawn to scale, showing the different 
utes lo commercial competency. Nothing 
luld be 6im[iler, nothing more eminently 
practicable. All that would be left for the 
immittec is to supplement the map with a 
impilation of-lhe rates of tuition by the sev- 
al routes. Such an act would entitle them 
the everlasting gratitude of Iheir country- 

Of course you understand the philosophy writti 
of all this. The befogged public is yearning sociei 
to learn wherein the Business College, pure one c 
and simple, diflers from the ffchcrchc Business i in a 
ingredient the Institute of feels 

Commercial Trail 

not; just how much further $5 will go in fit. 
ling a young man for the responsibilities of .1 
Academy and 

1, if it be true, would argue the modern 
: woman a trifle loo blase, or too fast — 
the other. There is as much character 
soman's writing as in her voice, and one 
1,-ed u[)on opening a modern 

School of Penmanship than at a Pen Art Hall 
and School of Business. The befogged pub- 
lic, having sons and daughters to educate, un- 
questionably has a right to this information, 
By the simple device suggested, the anxiotis 
parent — indeed, any bright boy — could with 
siring and pencil survey the several routes 
with the faultless precision of a Spencerian 

do billet doux, in character like a printed plai 
as he would upon hearing a coarse, grufl' vcict 
proceed from the rosy lips of a fair woman. 

In some things we advance backward like j 
crab. Afler all old things are the bes*. 

copy-book headline, and ; 
which is the most expeditio 
consummation is devoutly t 

fur hir 


The advantages of such an arrangement to 
the school proprietors, as well as to patrons, 
will be readily perceived. There wouid be no 
further excuse for that intermittent anomaly 
yclept (for instance), the Pea Vine Ehicidntor 
011,1 Gtiitle to Business Knowledge. In its pi 
each college could disseminate copies of 
official map, indicating its own peculiar 10 
by a broad red line, much after the fashion of 
our railroad guides. Any one who has evei 
yielded to the seduction of a railroad map aiu 
bought his ticket by the "short-line" can rvad 
ily see how, in case of necessity, the red lint 
could in every instance be made to appeai 
shorter than any other line. This is one o 
those concrete facts which defy law and logit 
— actualities which, from the nature of tnings 
cannot be, yet are. It is not intended, how 
ever, to cast any reflection upon the Business 
Educators. Every one knows I hat they ar( 
above such trickery; that they never offer to 
give what they do not have; that they do 
promise what it is impossible for them to 
form; that they would scorn to delude the 
public by representing themselves and thi 

Compondinm Re^nlts TersnsCopy Books. 

Since the time of P. R. Spencer no name in 
connection with penmanship has become sc 
thoroughly familiar as a household word a> 
that of G. A. Gaskeil. A man of nervous tem- 
perament combined with artistic and shrewd 
business talent, Prof Gaskeil made it hi' 
business to present to the world what he re- 


scliools to be Fom 

Ihing that they are no' 

Otherwise, what soi 

t of cleiks and bookkeep 

ers and merchants 

ould ihcy expect lo turn 

"But,'' interjects c 

ur apologetic fiiend, "yoi 

surely cannot object 

to the proprietors of ou 

schools placing then 

before the public in their 

very best light." Certainly not. No one is 

objecting. No one 

has any idea of objecting 

and the Gazette 

least of all. The plan 

hich it has hurriedly outlined affords 
idest latitude in this respect. By way of 
lustration: "The great Northern Trunk 
ine, old and reliable, twenty yeais without an 
:cident, fare $ — ;" "Avoid the perils of 
abrupt turns by taking the Spencerian Bee 
, reaches alt important points;" "The 
University Route, double track, all steel 
elegant palace car service;" "Check your 
via the Wild Western Shortcut, 
headlights on all trains, excursion 
rates;" "The Erie Narrow Gauge, prices to 
lit passengers''- -nrf infiuilum. Could anything 
: more neat, pointed, or impressive.' 
The Gazette commends tiiis profound and 
leresting matter to the educators for their 

■cful c 

Fashions ia Writing, auil Wliat They Lend 

The character and style of letter writing 
changes quite as much as anything else in the 
world of fashion. The neatly written, closely 
lined epistles of former times look as provin- 
now as by.gone costumes. The present 
mode is of a dashy style, quite in keeping with 
the spirit of the times. Rough Irish linen 
paper unruled, a "stub'' pen, and a sprawling 
hirography go to make up the hurried notes 
ine receives nowadays in lieu of the long, 
liendly letter of olden limes. The art of 
orrespondence, which used to be considered 
ine of the greatest accomplishments our 
grandmothers possessed, may be recovered 
long the lost arts. At the present day the 
:iety woman has no lime for letter writing, 
but when necessity demands her writing at all 
e sits down in the hurry of the moment and 
ith a business-like air dashes off a note cov- 
ing several pages it is true, but conlaimng 
about as much matter as could easily be put 
the despised postal card, and then her 
duty is done. The old saying that a letter 
shows the character of the person who writes 
it and the character of the one lo whom it is 

teaching penm; 
of an imitator 1 
piler of others' 
ning his cart 
dent of the 

noEt productive method of 
ihip. In talent he was more 
n originator, a betlir com- 
;>rk than an author. Begir- 
in penmanship as a stu- 
;n fomous teacher, P. R. 
Ily based his id' 


leaching upon those received froii 
ceplor. His early lessons were token at a 
lime when Spencer was winning his high- 
est success in teaching by a method based 
more upon freedom of movement than upon 
accuracy of stj le, and naturally Mr. Gaskeil 
became convinced of the excellence of this 
mtthod of instruction. In later years Mr. 
Gaskeil became a student and companion ot 
another great masler, Prof. John D. Williams. 
At this lime he conceived the plan of ct 
bining the methods of his two teachers i 

elf i 

"Gaskell's Compendium," represents Mr. Gai 
kell's best efforts lo combine through his ow 
skill, the excellences of the methods cf the! 
two famous teachers, P. R. Spencer and JohaJ 
U. Williams. At this time the mechanical!/ 
accurate copy-book style of today wa 
known. In the present copy-lrook slj le, th^ 
accuracy of form cripples freedom of i 
ment and as a result of this eiror the m 
of copy-books of to-day fail to produce gracefufl 
penmen. The success of Gaskell's Compen^ 
dium in producing rapid and easy write 
beyond dispute, and while in an artistic ! 
it may appear to s\ifler in comparison 
the slowly drawn copies of the unnaiural 
unproductive copy-'books, it is based upon U>3 
movement method adapted to speed, and then 
fore succeeds in producing an army of gn 
ful writers in strong contrast with the copy-^ 
bcok failures. 

As the teachings of Spencer & Willjamsj 
:re successful through subordinating forn 
Dvement, so Gaskell's Compendium by c 
luing their method, succeeds in producine' 

L-enty years ago the old Spencerian Coni.'^ 
pendium prepared as a self-instructor by P. R., 
Spencer, represented the movement method 
teaching, and through this he gained his fame.] 

: that Compendium of free, 

lanship conjpared w ith the copybookj 
copies of today, it would suffer greatly 

ic point of view, but when the resii 
practicing after the movement plan as taught 
by the old Spencerian and the present Gaskeil'^ 
Compendium are compared with drawn copy-] 
book copies, the one is represented in the beau-^ 

inaccurate but easy wriling of Mr. Pack4 

and the other in the finger 

lis of public school graduates. For inan/I 

i past penmen of a;^ 

m to make success by tcacliinj- the ideul| 

ic copy-book -style, but I 
been so unsatisfactory to bi 
public and themselves, that a rush is beind 
made away from slow, ac 
ward the Senior Spencer's movement method.^ 
That the Gaskeil Compendium has lived andj 

ed beyond all other similar self in 

will be admitted. That its strongest 1 
for favor has been the importance of free r 
as a key to success, is well known, 
work of accurate high art entirely beyond tha 
reach of the masses it will naturally secur 
criticism of slow, artistic writers— but ■ 
exponent of free movement the foundation d 
ease and skill, its results will contin 
ever-growing army of easy writers in strod 
contrast with the millions who fail tliroilflf 
following copies produced by and only i 
'ully imitated with a slow finger 1 




iSSS. Shortly nAi 

c schools of Biienn Visla couniy. 
nceDnfS, Ind., on Ihe 13th of July, 
iKtA his pnrcnts removed lo a iarm 
where he lived tmtil he wns about 
Lt that period of life he became a 

»chcr of penmanship a 

il ol' the schools of Bill 
sitated his removal lo Sic 
this office in iSSj by a n 

— Isaac Pitman controls by law in England 
the publication and sale ot all books which 
claim to teach phonography, the art founded 
by himself. Teslifj ing as a witness in a recent 
lawsuit, he said: "From the beginning of ihe 
system, lorty-seven years ago, I gave the pub- 
lic pcrmist^Ion to print anything in phonogra- 
phy in straightforward English, the Bible, the 
Te»tainenl, the Prayer book, any book what- 
ever; but no book d'id I sanction, or will I ever 
sanction, for leaching purposes in either of the 
three styles, the learner's, the corresponding, 
or the reporting. There I draw the line." 

Stick a Pin Here. 

One of the most complete and valuable pen- 
Mian's works ever published is " Gaskell's 
1 enman's Hand Book," advertised on page 7. 
It treats comprehensively of all branches of 
"le penman's art, and its pages are enriched 
Hiih hundreds of beautiful plates, comprising 
every style of lettering and ornamental pen. 
n** ;, y^^ '^^ young wriier, the "Hand 
"t'ok" is an exhaustless storehouse of instruc- 
'ion Jrom the best masters, such as cannot be 
(iljtained elsewhere at any price. It has re- 
•^^eived the warmest praise from our most noted 
professionals, and is offered to the writing 
l"iWic as the most complete and useful work 
:>; Its kind that has ever come from a press. 
1 he price of the "Hand Book" is $5, and it is 
•1 marvel ot cheapness at that figure. We are 
"ow making this extraordinary concession- 
iJ'iodonly during July and August. 

Any person sending us a club of six sub- 
'> ribers at one dollar each, for the Gazette 
"id "Guide," or Gazette and "How lo Write 
lor the Press," will receive a copy of this 
superb work free. 

i:very reader of the Gazette should go lo 
„ . ,?*. °"« to get up a club of six, whicli will 
l^ost ititle time or trouble, and bring a prize 

'at wiil be of the greatest s 
"> '»m and his friends. 

The Fellowship of Letters. 

Many a lime and oft has the face and for- 
tune of a country, says Joj Howard in a letter 
lo the Boston Globe:, been changed by the con- 
tents of a single sheet of paper. But there are 
other reflections lo which the sight of the 
myriads of letters, which are every night to be 
seen in the postotlice, is calculated to give rise. 

may perchance 

be found lying at the 

moment, In that 

establishment, a letter 

parent to his so 

n in a far distant coun- 

d one from the 

on lo the parent, both 

being anxious t 

3 hear from each other. 

ther knowing that the other was about 

but n 

to write. The letter ol a lover to the object of 
his affections, and that of the latter to him, 
may also meet in the general posloffice under 
similar circumstances. But Ihis is a train of 
reflection in which I must not indulge. There 
is one other point of view in which the man of 
contemplative mind cannot fail to regard Ihe 
tens of thousands of letters before him. There 
is lo be found the concentration of the intellect, 
of the moral worth, aye, and of the villainy of 
the land. 

or this country only? 

Of the civilized world itself; for where is 
the corner of the earth visited with the light 

of civilization from which 
all kinds are not daily poui 
general postoflice to this 
The postoftice is, in the s 
country, what Ihe heart is 
tern. From it proceeds to the 
tremities of the land, through the 

>mmunications of 
ig in through the 
great metropolis? 
iai system of this 
the physical sys- 

nduits of 

; of it^ 
i the Ml 

The Singular History of a Onill. 


cry r 


the city of Buffalo. N. Y., in possession of the 
heirs of Ex-President Fillmore, a quill o\ 
three feet long and as large around "as 
man's thumb." This quill is a curiosity from 
its size, and because of its history. 

Over half a century ago, when the great 
and brilliant Henry Clay first proved his right 
lo be considered one of our country's fore 
men, Herr Drlesbach. the famous lion ta 
presented him with this quill. He had plucked 
it lor a special purpose from the wing of 
enormous condor, captured by himself on 

The purpose was explained by the condition 
which was that Mr. Clay should make a pen 
of it and write with it his inaugural addi 
when he became President of the United 
States. If he failed to be elected, the quill 
was to reinain in his hands uncut, "until a 
constitutional president wrote a constitutional 
message for all the Slates," a form of putting 
the case which was well understood by the 
Whigs of that time. 

Twenty-eight years passed away, but Mr. 
Clay's opportunity to make thai condor's 
qiiill into a pen did not come. During that 
time he was twice a candidate for the presi- 
dency and twice defeated. 

Four years after his death the editor of the 
Lexington, Ky,, Dispatch, from whose columns 
we glean these facts, received the quill from a 
relalive of Mr. Clay, with instructions to pre- 
sent it to Millard Fillmore, of Buffalo, who 
was then a candidate for the presidency. 

Mr. Fillmore had alrcaJy served three years 
as president, by accession, after the death of 

are at present six Stolze Steno- 
graphic Societies in the United States, of 
which three are in New York and three in 
Chicago. Four of these Stolze Societies prop- 
agate the German, and two the English, sj's- 
tem (adaptation). Their membership is about 
one hundred ninety. Prof. Herman Reinbold, 
of Chicago, assures us that there are probably 
fifteen hundred persons in the United Stales 
who can write the Stolze (German) system. 

Thomas Pray, Jr., for many years an expert 
short-hand writer, and a gentleman whose trav- 
els, studies, scientific researches, journallslic 
experience, and general versatility make him 
always equal to the important positions he 
assumes, has become the General Superin- 
tendent of the Mather Electric Co., Hartford, 
Conn., and is with customary energy develop- 
ing the Mather-Perkins Incandescent system 
We hall our former phonographic pupil, and 
wish him all success. 

For every square rnile of herself England 
has Fixty five square miles of colony, Holland 
has fifty-four, Portugal twenty, Denmark 
about six and a third, France not quite two, 
and Spain only about four fiQhs of a mile. The 
area of the British colonies is a little less than 
that of the Russian Empire, including Siberia 
and Central Asia, and England speaks with 
authority in lands which cover almost one- 
sixth of the solid part of lliat globe. — The Sup- 

Full reports of the Rev. Henry Ward 
Beecher's morning sermons are to be published 
regularly on this side of the Atlantic in the 
Brooklyn Magitztm-, of New York, and on the 
other side in The Chrislian World Pulpit, of 
London, Eng., and are to be furnished by Mr. , 
T. J. Ellinwood, of Brooklyn. 

Zachary Taj lor. As he had been a strong 
partisan of Mr. Clay, the friends of the "heart 
commoner" hoped to see him elected. 

Mr. Fillmore was, however, defeated, and 
the great condor's feather remained uncut. 
He kept it as a sacred relict of Henry Clay. In 
the years that followed, if any allusion was 
made lo it, he would shake his head and call 
it the "fatal quill." 

So far as it was connected with the decline 
of a great political party, there was propriety in 
ng that singular keepsake— the lallen 

. wing that once soared c 

feather of 

When Mr. Greeley 
presidency, Mr. Fillm 
ward him the "fatal ip 
do so, and Ihe ancient Whig pen, which was 
waited for more than half a century to wiite a 
"constitutional message for all the Slates," 
remains still unmade. 

nominated for the 
■as advised to for- 
but he declined lo 

An Old Offer Roiieivcd. 

All who send in a club of six subscribers 
$1 each for Gazette and "Guide," or G 
zette and "How to Write for the Press,'' 
Gazette and "Select Readings," during the 
months of July and August, will receive fr 
copy of our $5 "Penman's Hand Book, ad 
tised on page 7. How many clubs of six s 
we have before Aug. i ? 

We have received from the Associated Fan- 
ciers', 237 South Eighth street, Philadelphia, a 
copy of their Dog Buyers' Guide. It contains 
a finely executed colored frontispiece; well 
drawn engravings of nearly every breed of 
dog, and all kinds of dog furnishing goods. 
We should judge that the book cost to produce 
a great deal more than the price a^ked — 15 
cents— and would advise all our readers who 
are interested in dogs to send for the book. 

The Gnzetle's Storap Book. 

-Prol. Lyman P. Spcnctr, Ihi bcstnr 
T hroihers, has opened an office in Nci 

-. S. nov 

III., a solid and enthusiastic Compcn 

—The Gakktti will be represe 

Chautauqua Assembly and the Rusin 

vention, and it will have both eves 

that IS goinE OP. That is ihc Gakst 


— Uegan of the C. G. H., the Rock 

villc, Co 

i are not familiar with hii style. 

-Byron W. PaRC, of lillsworth, Me., in a letter o 

rise: "When I nm settled down in happy married lit 
am going lo lake the Gazkttk for my children 
iris. Three cheers for GiukcU's Com 



ruck 1 

rythini; is 

ovely and the goose hangs high." 


since the CjAEaiTK nrranifcd with Prof, 
of Utica, N. Y., one of best iind best 

wn penrnt 

n, for a series of papers o>i omamenlal 

uch as enRTossing, clc. Specimens o( or- 
k by Mr. Kibbc will accompany the 
IS believed that they will be more vat- 

world, Sydney, > 
To say that they e 

atle. Ihave shown Ihe papcrtoanumbtr of rriende, 
I of whom were delighted with it. Such writing has 

ive some good writers here. too. I will do my best lo 


f she 

t jonri 

Ktllys KevolulioHiur is 
reoture in the field of ; 
«mes from Fost<ria, O., nnd ha» an unmislnkabic 
rtichiielinn flavor. That the editor is « great philan- 
hropisl as well as a grc-it penman is uoetiui vocally set 
orth in his suluCntory, from which we quote a few sen- 

"The many m'slakcs mndc in the present system ot 

lave detirnilned lo place before the ptople in plain Inn- 
;uagc the- true condition of ihe educational system at 

, if tve h 

ado I 

to fight 


solemn night. 


olemn night of sumin 


en my heart of glooi 


omcd up to greet the 

All f 

rebodings that dislrc 


E iov ll.:it cnuKht am 

Here below thsl they may grieve 
Tales are told you lo deceive yo<i- 

Then God smiled, and it was morn 




This department is edited bv Prof. WilLIAM 

D. Bridge, A. M , Principal of the School of 

Phonography in Chautauqua University, 

[Address Lock Box s>S, Plainfield, N. J.] 

,h'ort-hand association news. ?• Short-^and periodiMl- 

Dots and Dashes. 

— Taklgraphy is 25 years old in 1887. 

—Two complete sets of the Phonetic journal 
are on sale, — forty-four volumes — a rich and 
rare find for some one. 

—The G. A. Walbridge Type-Wriler Sup- 
ply Office will be continued by his widow, and 
located permanently at Newark, N. J. 

—Dr. P. Mitzschke is giving valuable re- 
views of English shorl-hand works in the cur- 
rent numbers of Mngazin Jur Stenographic, 

— Brof. Bridge will have several short-hand 
curiosities at the Shorthand Writers' Con- 
vention at Chautauqua, July 31. Bring yours 

—The best instruction in a Summer School 
ct Phonography is given at Chautauqua, July 
12 — Aug. 30, in terms of twenty lessons, by 
Prof. Bridge, 

—E. N. Miner, Esq., has ninety-seven electro- 
types ot the Lord's Prayer in as many difleient 
styles, which (with others expected) will soon 
appear in a booklet form. 

—English and Continental short-hand pub- 
lishers are tenfold more active in pushing 
their works than are those of tlie United 
States. We bid them all "all hail." 

—The manufacturers of ten Type-Writing 
machines have been invited to send samples 
and operaturs to the Type-Writer Exposition 
and Tournament at Chautauqua, Saturday, 

July 3i. 

— Prof. F. G. Morris' proposed book will con- 
tain the same matter written in Graham, Isaac 
Pitman, Benn Pitman, Munson, etc., systems, 
with references to his previous work, "The 

— Prof. Alfred Day, of the Spencerian Busi- 
ness College, Cleveland, Ohio, papyrographs 
for his short-hand scholars and graduates, the 
Short-hand 'Journal^ a monthly brochure, in- 
teresting indeed to all of us stenos. 

— Prof. J. Geo. Cross has published in tract 
form his interesting address before the Busi 
ness Educators' Association at Rochester, 
N. Y,, July 18, 1884. It is a vigorous present- 
ation of the rootideas of his eclectic phonog- 

— Every Isaac Pitman writer should order at 
once the numbers of the Holy Bible published 
by R. McCaskie, Marylebone, Eng. The 
whole Bible will be completed in about thirty- 
five parts, at seven pence a part. They may 
be ordered through the editor ot this depart- 

— No. 3 of Vol. 1 oi the Union Short-hand 
Writer, published in Toronto, (Jnt., is our 
latest member of the Magazine brotherhood. 
We hope it will improve its short-hand depart- 
ment, which is the most wretched lithography 
we have seen for years. It aims to be the comic 

— The Reporters'' Journal^ London, Eng., 
edited by James Herbert Ford in a most ad- 
mirable manner, and beautifully written, of- 
fered prize of one guinea for the best and neat- 
est written postal card containing in Isaac Pit- 
man's short-hand about eight tines of pre- 
scribed matter. Three hundred twenty-nine 
persons competed. Not one card was written 
absolutely correct. Sixty-four cards were writ- 
ten by members in "good and regular stand- 
ing" of the "Phonetic Society," nnd their er- 
rors were from one to fifteen. Four hundred 
sixteen errors were found on the cards of these 
eertifird teachers, an average of 6J4 to each 
card. The editor cries out in amazement, "We 
cannot shut our eyes to the alarming fact that 
the Phonetic Society is assuredly, as at present 
constituted, totally unfit for the functions it has 
to perform." The one card coming nearest 
perfection was that of Ebenczer Loudan, Jr., 
Shotts, Lanarkshire, and a facsimile of his 
card is published in the Reporters' Journal for 
June. Four other writers were highly com- 

Stephen Pearl Andrews. 

Forty years ago Stephen Pearl Andrews was 
the father of the Pitmanic invasion of the 
United States. The names of Graham, Benn 
Pitman, Munson, Lindsley, Cross, etc,, are not 
so enthusiastically spoken by us to-day as were 
the names of Stephen Pearl Andrews and Au- 
gustus F. Boyle, heralded by the nascent pho- 
nographers of the forties. 

Prof. Andrews was an original Yankee; was 
the son of Rev. Ellsha Andrews, a famous 
Baptist clergyman, and was born at Temple- 
Ion, Mass., March 22, iSia, being tiie young- 
est of eight children, Amherst College was 
his Alma Afatcr. His chosen profession was 
the law. Soon af^er graduation he went to 
New Orleans, and though himself a fiery anti. 
slavery man, became a pleader of eminence 
alongside such distinguished lawyers as Judah 
P. Benjamin, John Slidell, the leading ad- 
vocates of the Southwest. Attaining the 
highest rank in his profession, he entered into 
a single-handed contest lor liberty and free 
speech, publicly advocating the most pro- 
nounced abolition sentiments. After four years 
of brave but unsuccessful struggle he left 
Texas for England, where he remained for 

Mount;" the "Compendium of Phonography," 
etc., etc. Prof. Andrew^ outlined and partially 
prepared the "Phonographic Phraseographer," 
the "Phonographic Imperfect Skeleton Book," 
and a "Second Work on Phraseography," the 
"Phonographic Form Book," the latter to be a 
dictionary of phonography containing in short, 
hand or lype-keys a full vocabulary of the 

Phonetic printin,^ stood on a par with pho- 
netic short-hand writing in Prof. Andrews' ar. 
dent appreciation. The boldest venture of 
those early days was the publication of a large 
four-page weekly paper, the Anglo-Sacsun, the 
numbers of which from Sept. 5, 1846, to Sept. 
16, 1S48, lie before us. We have not space to 
refer to his phonetic labors. After some years 
the firm of Andrews & Boyle dissolved, Mr. 
Andrews turned his attention to philology, 
mastering thirty languages; to universal 
science, which he denominated universology, 
the elements of which are contained in a large 
work called "The Basic Outline of Univers- 
ology." He originated a new language which 
he called Alwato (Ahl-wah-to), and his philos- 
opiiy at large, as a doctrine of many-sideness 
and reconciliation, is known as iti/egrahsm. 
The practical institution of life, which he ad- 


t?»y wkhjcL 

some time. Here, in the fall of 1S43, he be- 
came enamored with the then new system of 
phonography recently devised by Isaac Pit- 
man. Accepting all great thoughts with kind- 
ness, he soon felt an inspiration to give his own 
land the benefits of this great advance in stenog- 
raphic lines, and returning to the United States, 
organized in 1844 the firm of Andrews & 
Boyle, plunging at once with the most deter- 
mined heroism into the phonetic and phono- 
graphic propagandism. In 1S49, in the preface 
to the "Phonographic Word, Book No. i," 
Mr. Andrews triumphant. V exclaims: "It is 
now near five years sii lc we introduced the 
great invention of Mr. Pit nan to the American 
public. It is already permanently fixed in the 
High schools of the principal cities of the 
Union." Enthusiastic, perhaps not wise, words 
were these. Mr. Andrews devised several 
scholarly, yet quite practical, works for stud- 
ents of short-hand, The "Complete Phono- 
graphic Class Book," published in 1S45, passed 
through at least sixteen editions; the "Pho- 
nographic Reader" as many editions; the 
" Phonographic Reporter's First Book," orlgi. 
nally issued in parts of J4 pages each, subse- 
quently bound together; the "Phonographic 
Word Book Nos. I and It;" " First Lessons 
in Phonography ; " " Phonographic Charts 
Nos. I and II;" "Christ's Sermon on the 

half will be found that are not in this lis 
twenty-five words alone constitut 

quarter of the language, and the first si 
third. These arc arranged nume 

according to the frequency of their occii 










V has 






n -world 

n do 



/r„.//.« by Prof. If. D. B 

ids', Pl« 

vocated, and was laboring to inaugurate, neith- 
er mere individualism nor mere communism, 
he called the paniarchy. His tall, spare form, 
long gray hair and expressive face gave him a 
marked appearance, and he was always list- 
encd to with attention and respect. He leaves 
three sons. The funeral took place at the Ger- 
man Masonic Hall on East Fifteenth street. 
New York. He was buried in Woodlawn 


—The Short-hand Writer for May gives a 
valuable paper on "The Words We Use Most," 
taken from eleven diverse sources. Of 11,102 
words counted, the following are found: The 
638, and 363, go 346, to 249, i 174, that 168, in 
159. ft '37, we 132, a iiO, is 113, not loS, be 
105, for 105. By this showing fourteen mono- 
syllabic words are one-fourth of common 

Ucep-Scn Dredging. 

Poring over our collection 01 Andrews & 
Boyle's publications before and after 1846, we 
came across this goodly pearl : 

The student will be surprised to learn that 
the following one hundred words constitute 
more than one-half of all English that Is spoken 
or written ; that is. In a sermon, a newspaper, a 
speech, or in a debate, in which say 6,000 
words are spoken, no more than 3,000, or one- 

1. You gave me rules for using the different 
strokes tor "R," you have told me that the 
stroke for "L" may be written up or down. , 
What rules have you.> (A, i.), Write the 
upward stroke, if "1" is the only stroke in 
the word; 2, if it is the first stroke in the 
word ; (unless downward " I " joins better 
with the succeeding stroke); 3, if " 1 " pre- 
cedes a final vowel ; 4, generally, if " 1" 
is the last stroke, except it follows, "F," 
"V," "Sk," 01- "N." (See plate i, Sec. i), all, 
lo, sail, slow, else, lease, leased, stole, style, 
stool, soil, laster; lick, slick, lack, slack, lamb, 
slam, elf, self, lash, slash, leak, sleek, elbow, 
life, laugh, latch, leash; fellow, pillow, tallow. 
Jolly, mellow, daily, gaily, rely, coolie, slowly; 
pile, bale, mail, quill, toil, mule, howl, shell, 
shawl, shallow. (B, I), write the / ,:--;<rd 
stroke "1," when it follows an vowel, 
and is followed by "K" or "M"; 2, when fol- 
lowed by "N" or "Ing"; 3, for final "1" fol- 
lowing "F", "V", "Sk" or "N". (See plate 1, 
section 2), elk, alike, Aleck, Alma, Elim, alum, 
alumni; listen, lesson, loosen, lung, Lena, Hon, 
ulna, Allison; fool, kneel, veil, knell, Nellie, 
only, scale, kingly, Nile, skull, scowl, 

2. You told me in the first lesson that the 
stroke for "Sh" is written up or down, .u cord- 
ing to certain rules. What rules' 1, \Viite 
downward stroke when "Sh" is the onl v stroke 
in the word; 2, write upward stroke when pre- 
ceding "L"; 3, when "Sh" follows ''L"; 4, 
when "Sh" follows "T" or "D"; 5, in nearly 
every other case write downward stroke. (See 
plate I, section 3), ash, sash, swash; shale. 
Shiloh, shoal. Shelly, social; Welsh, lash, abol- 
ish, slush, yellowish, eyelash ; tush, sweeUsh, 
dash, Scottish; bush, gash, much, Iri-h. 

3. You gave me one "pot-hoi>k "— ;i ^nall 
hook on L. M, N, R,— to represent tl,L- sound 
of "W". Have you other hooks V "i es. (A,) 
A small hook at the beginning of P, B, T, D. 
Ch,J, K, G.on the right-hand side (looking 
from the end lo the beginning) represents the 
sound of "L", making the combinatinn PI, Bl, 
Tl, Dl, Chl.JI, Kl, Gl. (Seeplatei,-.riion4). 
play, apple, able, blue, hobble, bla?,t, l.l.i/e, bat- 
lie, mettle, idle, chattel, addle, clay, cine, glow, 
eagle, higgle, class, cluster, glazed, (B), a 
small hook at the beginning of P, B, T, D, 
Ch, J, K, G, on the left-hand side (looking 
from the end to the beginning), represents the 
sound of "R". making the combination PI, Bl, 
Tl, Dl, Chl,jl, Gl. (See plate i, Hc.tion 5), 
pray, [)ry, prow, press, priest, proce-s, i)raiBes, 
hopper, upper, Hooper, bray, brow, breast, 
breezes, breasts, eater, hatter, hotter, ti ,iv, tres». 
trice, truce, traces, adder, hider, oiJor, aider, 
draw, dray, dress, address, odors, eider, acre, 
acher, cry, crew, crow, craze, cries, Christ, 
crazed, cruised, crests, crossed, eager, ogre, 
grow, graes, Grace, greased, grist; picker, 
pitcher, peddle, fiddle, pickle, maple, feeble, 
betray, cutler, keeper, knocker, hooker, labor, 
reaper, paper, pebble, humble, noble, dapper, 
teacher, watcher, catcher, Beecher. 



Characteristics of the AoE.-The pe- 
culiar and distinguishing charact^rislics of the 
present age are in every respect remarkable. 
L'nquesiionablyan extraordinary and univeisal 
change has commenced in the internal as well 
as the external world — in the mind of man as 
well as in the habits ot society, the one indeed 
being the necessary consequence of the other. 
A rational consideration of the circumstances 
in which mankind are at present placed must 
show us that influences of the most important 
and wonderful character have been and are 
operating in such a manner as to bring about 
if not a reformation, a thorough revolution in 
the organization of society. Never in the his- 
tory of the world have benevolent and phil- 
anthropic institutions for the relief ol domestic 
and public affliction ; societies for the promo- 
tion of manufacturing, commercial and agri- 
cultural interests; associations for the instruc- 
tion of the masses, the advancement of litera- 
ture and science, the development of true po. 
litical principles; for the extension, in short, of 
every description of knowledge, and the bring- 
ing about of every kind of reform, been so 
numerous, so efficient, and so indefatigable in 
their operation as at the present day. We do 
not say that many of the objects eought by 
these associations are not extravagant and im- 
practicable, but we do say that it is impossible 
that such inlliiences can exist, without advanc- 
ing, in some degree the interests of humanity. 
It would be idle to deny that notwithstanding 
all these beneficial influences, a great amount 
of misery exists; but this is only the natural 
consequence of great and sudden changes. 
Let us hope that in this instance at least it 
may be but the indispensable preliminary stage 
in the cure of a deep seated disease. 

Gleanings from Beyond the Rookies. 

As California is a State toward which manv 
persons in our Eastern communities are now 
looking with a view of emigration, we have 
inquired respecting "openings" for short-hand 
men and women and boys in that delightful 
section. There comes response: That all 
the "official" positions are filled, with many 
competent reporters on the ground— ready and 
anxious to occupy any vacancy. We are told 
to advise our young readers, who have ac- 
quired the ;irt of short-hand, to try and make 
some engagement as amanuensis or clerk be- 
fore starting for the Far West,— by advertise- 
ment or otherwise. Take a position at low 
Ealai-y at first, if you cannot get large wages, 
and so provide against want of "living" 
money at all events. 

A San Francisco reporter writes to us that 
he has on the average one call a week from 
persons professing to have a reporter's knowl- 
edge of the art, who are utterly without 
means, or on the ragged edge of destitution — 
all on account of long wa ting for a situation 
as amanuensis, which they e.\pecled to get on 
the first asking in California. Some of these 
he has been able to obtain situations for while 
othe*rs~the latest comers— were at the date of 
his writing without employment. He also 
joins in the counsel given above. 

We are sorry to read this Iroin the pen of a 
California reporter: "I think that there are 
more charlatans and under-cutters in our pro- 
fession than in any other on earth." He com- 
plains of the fact that many lawvtrs, and even 
judges, are incompetent (or unwilling?) at 
times to discriminate between a good and a 
poor reporter; thai "official'' positions are of- 
ten obtained and retained by incompetents or 
"half baked reporters" through favoritism, 
kinship, or corrupt agreements to divide salary 
and lees. And he asserts that all efforts made 
heretofore to bind the craft to a standard price 
liave failed through perfidy on the part of a lew 
"I the most competent members of the respec- 
tive societies, etc. We suppose that humanity 
ivurages in the short hand writers ranks as in 
I oihercallings; but that our correspondent 
'^ )iad an unusually unfortunate observation 
■ experience. 

The Sharon divorce case netted the reporters 
mgaged in taking the testimony and reporting 
he arguments, about $;o,ooo. 

Hubert H. Bancroft, the renowned historian 
of the Pacific Stales, has had his family taught 
Graham's standard short-hand, that his wife 
and daughters may aid him in his great work 
of collecting and arranging his materials for 
comprehensive record. 

A New and Rational Svstem of Short- 
HAND Numbers devised bv Wm. D. Bridge, 
A. M., Professor of Shorl"-hand Writing in 
Chautauqua University (Central Office, Plain- 
field, N. J.) iSS6, Chicago. 

The G. a. Gaskkll Co. 

This is the title page of the Brochure forth- 
coming from the press of the publisher of the 
Gazelle ami Eiiucator. All phonographers 
who desire special speed in writing short-hand 
numbers will do well to send 15 cents, as 
above, for which a copy will be sent. 

The Characteristics of the Age. 
No. I. — Isaac Pitman's Phonography. 


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cui-b Stc rvoQtapfvic Scfi oof i of 

tfic ^fM^teS Stotes. 3tt tfvc 

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It is not my purpose to give a complete 
course of lessons on perspective, embracing 
all the details employeO in working out the 
more complex problems, The scope of these 
lessons is necessarily limited to general prin- 
ciples at the same time intended to assist the 
student in any ordinary difficulty. As long as 
the author receives no word from his class to 
the contrary, he considers that he is progress 
ing salisfaclorily ; for any student hab the 
privilege of slating any difficulties he enconn 
ters in theslud/ of these lessons, as well as 
as^king any questions relating to them, with 
the assurance that information or explnnatlon 
will be cheei fully given. 

Of course in sketching from nalure the 
student is not required to lay out on his paper 
the wliole perspective diagram, or to draw 
every object according to a scale of measure- 
ment, although a knowlege of the methods 
employed to ga=n absolute accuracy will be of 
great benefit in his eflbrts. 

To put into practice the knowledge we have 
acquired in perspective, place a simple rectan- 
gular solid, a box of some sort, at a distance of 
from six to ten feet from you, according to the 
si/e of the object. If the objeclbe large, place 
it further from the eye, so that it will not oc- 
cupy too much space in the circle of vibion. 

'the first thing to do in silting down to make 
a sketch from nature, whellier it be of a simple 
object or a sketch embracing a number of 
objects, is to make certain observations. Fix 
your horizon and point of sight on the scene 
before yon lirst, and then on your paper. De- 
termine the inclination of the most important 
receding lines of the objects before you, by 
holding your pencil before the eye, as 
described in preceding paper, and by produc- 
ing these lineb until they meet, you will find 
the vanishing point for all corresponding lines. 
For example, we have placed before us a 
cube. We determine the size we shall make 
it, and it is always well in practice to draw our 
studies as large as convenient. We will sup- 
pose the cube to be placed a little to the left of 
the point of sight with one side directly oppo 
site the spectator— in other words, in parallel 
perspective. The fiiSt thing wliich strikes lh( 
eye is the square side of the cube. It is plair 
we may diaw this without hesitation, for when 
the side of any object be placed directly oppo 
bite the eye, it appears as it really is; for in^ 
!,lance, if you wish to inspect a chair, a bed- 
stead, a house, or a' picture, you discover you 
cannot judge its real shape or proportion until 
you pliice yourself directly in front of it. 

Having drawn our square we must observe 
that a portion of the top is visible; this proves 
that our horizon, and therefore, our point of 
sight, is above the object. We can also see a 
part of the right side of the cube; this indi- 
cates that its pot-itiun in the perspective plane 
is on the Kfi of the point of sight. Now we 
determine tiie slant of the receding line which 
maiks tlie base of the receding side by holding 
our pencil in a horizontal position and coni- 
parinij the receding line with the htrizonta! 
line indicated by ihe pencil. 

for all other corresponding lines. We deler- 

ne the apparent width of the receding side 

by pencil measurement. In the illustration 

view presents tiie receding side apparently 

fourth the width of the square. 

he same result can be accomplished by 

determining the distance of the line C, D, 

above the line A, B; in this case these lines 

lurse will regulate the perpendicular lines 

of the sides. 

Should the student choose a more complex 
ubject, such as a chair, for instance, he has 
inlv to consider it as a rectangular figure and 

Fig. 2 
To find the (enter nf the ferspc live side oj an 
object, bisect the surface from each corner and 
where the lines cross will be found the center. 
By this method we may find the position for 
the gable of a house or any other point which 
marks the middle of the surface in perspec- 

Fig. 3 
To discover the ratio of diminution of equal 
divisions of a peispective surface, see Figures 
4 and 5. 

In Fig. 4 we have a succession of cubes 
placed directly before the eye so that the sides 

^hc ^amilg ®itdt. 

. McC, Pliitadtipti.a. 

be of 

to you. 

A. M., Mtride 

n. Com,. 

'What do you 

.5* ItOKiTs- 

Roolt keep 


' Tht Ga 

rk is in all res 

peels Arst- 



S., Sprifigfifti 

,^f;.M. ' 


C0I.I pen 

Publisher's Colmi 

; Kenslcr hotel of Buffalo 


I wilh a perfectly 

Fig. 4 
,ing discovered the required width of tin 
f the first cube, a line drawn from tin 
it corner dividing the line above in equal 
3ns will touch the line A, C, at the point 
which the next horizontal should be 
1, and by repeating the process as many 
es as desired can be produced in their 
r perspective proportion. 
. 5 shows a similar method employed to 
line the divisions as seen on one side. 

. E. N., Lexhiglon, Ky "Is 

l!il)l Bosloa titin tried that (li 
til- frnuil was palpable am 
pcd. Snbsequcnlly that or a \ 
Tliscil "GarlteH's Compcndit 

is ed liy the Oaskell Co., nor 

,11 parties visiting that city. Mine host, 
Whiibeck, sets a first-class table, the rooms be- 

g furnished in modern style. 

Our J uly number will be of unusual interest 
to Chautauquans, as it furnishes a good list of 
hotels and cottages from which to select a 
resting place for the summer. 

Mr. Fred Hyde still looks after the interests 
of the Jamestown Jourual in town and around 
the lake from the large circle of warm friends 
he has made. Of a truth he doeth his work 

Mr. A. D. Work has opened a very fine con- 
fectionery store, with icecream parlors in con- 
nection. Everything will be done to make the 
patrons of this establishment feel at home. 
Mr. Work makes a specialty of fine creams, 

The sale of over 203,000 copies of Gaskell's 
"Compendium" in a few years has not ex- 
hausted the supply of that work, nor the de- 
mand for it. In fdCt, the demand is now 
greater than ever, and all the time growing. 
This is a straw that will serve to show how 
many people are interested in the art of fine 

Afier vou read your copy of the Gazette 
show it to your friend. He will surely want 
to invest a dollar in a year's subscription, and 
one of the premium books offered. Then show 
it to five other friends, send us the $6, and we 
will send the six Gazettes for a year, and six 
of the books desired, and you will get a copy 
of the elegant work, "Gaskell's Penman's 
Hand Book," price $5, for your pains. It 
works like a charm. 

The extraordinary offer of "Gaskell's Pen- 
man's Hand Book," free to any one sending 
us six subscribers to the Gazette and theJ 
"Guide," or "How to Write for the Pres^J 
(whichever he chooses), at $1 each, i 
the reach of all. There is scarcely a reader < 
the Ga/.ette who could not secure the 5ub4 
scriptions almost within call of his front gate] 
The "Hand Book'' is a bonanza to learneri 
and the pride of professionals. It brisllei 
with hints and instructions to penmen, cc 
tains many valuable recipes and hundreds 
plates of fine pen work, prepared at a cost 
thousands of dollars. All who have tH 
"Hand Book'' are enthusiastic in its praise 
The Grand Hotel at Point Chautauqua 
been enlarged to meet the demands of a steadj 
increasing patronage. 

The rooms are large, wilh high ceilings 
elegantly furnished, while the view from t 
window is like unto a beautiful water col<i 
The halls and verandahs are large and spaciou] 
and supplied on every story with hydr: 
hose and fire escapes for reducing the dangefl 
of fire, and rendering accidents from thaQ 
source almost impossible. 

Adjacent to the hotel are croquet la 
ample playgrounds for children, while the c 
portunities for rambles and pleasant walkb 
the woods and on the margin of the lake a 
unequaled. One of the I „ 

State adjoining the hotel, composed of fiftccfl 
acres of magnificent treesof chestnut, hickorjg 
oak and almost every variety, 
enjoyed and admired. 

ing rink, music, etc. 

A first-class livery stable 
the house, and affords aci 
parlies desiring to enjoy ti 



We then discover the slant of the corres- 
ponding receding line which indicates the lop 
of the receding side; by producing these lines 
until they meet, we have the vanishing point 

n colle^i.- of to-day ma; 

lial respccia. 

Cnmberbanii, Pa. Chnrl 

s Wit 

t or Harvard College, an 

d has 

iS6g. nmolhy DwiRhl i 


B Prcsidint Porter, who h 


'*r Pfio«io"'2o« 'TSj; 


Rjrnnrd hns presided ovc 

r thL- c 

sinec 1S&4; Cornelt has 

been 11 

Idea Kendall Adams sine 


nt Andrew D. White la 

t sum 

iDc Will Hyde, of BowUo 

n, was 

en years of age when clc 

ted 10 

ul drivd 
oundings of thH 
hotel are unsurpassed. Its a| 
and service arc uuexceUcd. 
supplied with pure spring water; and we 
confidently bespeak a pleasant time for all \ 
put themselves under the care of I 
ceyW. Fox, the genial m anager. 

A Populnr Hotel. 

kitchen i^ 

, Chaun- 

The Sherman House for the past week has 
been literally packed with guests, and still 
they come, and mine host Sherman is always 
on deck, and fully prepared lo meet all emer- 

what the 
himself may be, and they all 
coming. The tables 

the very best the market .iffordsi, and the 
has spread entirely across the continent 
generally conceded by traveling me 
none are better judges, that the SI 
House furnishes the best accommodai 
the money of any Iiotel between New 
and San Francisco. Nothing for the c 
of guests is ever omitted. 

d with 



If 60, vou can go via the Monon Rolte via 
Louit-ville or Cincinnati, and see the Mammoth 
Cave, Nashville, Blovmt Springs, Birming- 
ham, Montgomery, Mobile, and the Gull 
coast for the same money that will take you 
tlirough the dreary, uninhabited Mississippi 
swamps; we are confident you cannot select a 
line to the South enjoying half the advantages 
that are possessed by the Mo.non Route and 
its Southern connections. 

No one should think of going South without 
visiting the Mammoth Cave, the great natural 


ling a SOUND 

impossible to say anything new in regard to it 
— it cannot be described; its caverns must be 
explored, its darkness felt, its beauties seen, to 
be appreciated or realized. It is the greatest 
natural curiosity — Niagara not excepted — and 
he whose expectations are not satisfied by its 
marvelous avenues, domes and starry grottoes 
must either be a fool or a demigod. From 
Mobile to New Orleans (141 miles) the ride 
along the Gulf coast is alone worth the entire 
cost of the whole trip. In full sight of the 
Gulf a/Ithe way, past O-ean Springs, Missis- 
f.ippi City, Pass Christian, Bay St. Louis and 
Beauvoir, the home of Jeff Davis. 

When you decide to go South make up your 
mind to travel overthe line that passes through 
the best country and gives you the best places 
to stop over. This is emphatically the Monon 
Route in connection with the Louisville and 
Nashville, and the Cincinnati Southern Rail- 
ways, Pullman Palace Sleepers, Palace 
Coaches, double daily trains. The best to Cin- 
cinnati, Louisville, New Orleans or Florida. 
For full information, descriptive books, pamph- 
lets, etc., address E. O. McCormick, Gen'l 
Northern Passenger Agent, Monon Route, 
122 E. Randolph street, Chicago, or Wm. S. 
Baldwin, General Passenger Agent, 183 
Dearborn street, Chicago. 

file Jagkell leai feieil 

I take pleasure in offertDg to the publii 

3ur NB'W PENCIL. It is made with 

the utmost care, of the VERY 



These Pencils are especially adapted to 
RACTiCE Writing, and made in such a man- 
■r Ihaf, although the line is clear black, yet 
e lead being firm and hard, they hold their 
)int long. We confidently assert that the 

Pries per Doz., 50c. Per Gross, $4.50. 

AGENTS WANTED in every city and town, 
' whom we will give liberal terms. Liberal 
rms given to agents on all our goods. 


The G. A. Gaskell Company, 

79 and 8i Wabash Ave . 

Roanoke College, 

Northwestern University, 


Music Fhhe. Short-Hand Department «4"?1 

ture?andV'inc°L'ocaiion.'^ Terms' .'nodcraW,*and Roo'd 
' McKEk' Jt HENDEHSON. Obcrlin, O. 

OEEKLIH COLLEBE-Dipirtseit of feoinagsbip, 

AfA/fSf/fP. Moi 

Gem City Business College 

Institute of Penmanship. 


This is tlie griiat actual Business College of ihe We it 
Seven HuntTred sludenU the past year. Bu^-inuss 
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Bryant Se Stratton Buffalo Basl&ess College 

GIVES a Ihorougli and i>ractn:..l coorso of IluSi. 
neHN StndV n.nd Ppact.icpi m hnmi- hv 

stnmps for Announcem&Dt and TestlmoQl- 
ale. Ad<]rL'3s. 

455 Main Street, Buffalo, N. T. 


Business College 

O/ Storm Lahe, lowa^ 

t Musciilnr Capitals. 

"MY P I C T U RE" 

Box 610. Storm Lake, lows. 

or KontnckyUnivendty, LEXINGTON, K*. 

The Best r> \\ . world 

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This paper can be had by sending for it, and any sen'^ible person who gets it will be 
lad he sent for it. 

Just at this time Packard is making something of a specialty of Shoi l-llarul. He has 
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Packard also publishes llie best textbooks on Aritlimetic and IJook Keeping that 
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SO.OOO Copies solil In W**n lliar 
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Some of the Causes which have Led to its Universal Commendation and 
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An Expovilion of Short-hand Phmss Writing. 
An oltJ subj,:ct handletl in a new way. 
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This edition of Irving's Works is prenounced by cus- 
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2 Sketch Dook, with Portrait. Conijitbst of Spain. 
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VOL. VIII.-NO. 8. 

Pror. Chas. K. Wells. 

As one of the pioneer business educators in 
inaugurating and developing the pracLical 
methods of education as exempltlied in the 
business college of to-day, Prof. Wells has had 
an extended and succebsful experience. 

Having received a good English education 
at one of the leading BCininaries oi the titate, 
he entered the Commercial College of Geo. W. 
Eastman at Rochester, N. Y., in 1857, and 
completed Ihe course of instruction while in 
his nineteenth year. From 185S to 1864 he 
was associated with H. G. Eastman at Oswego, 
St. Louis and Poughkeepsie. During the lat 
ter year, in connection with Thomas H. 
■Stevens, he organized a business college at 
New Haven, Conn. A feature of this college 
was the perfecting and systematizing of what 
is now generally known as the "Actual Busi- 
ness" or "Business Practice" plan of teaching, 
a method which has added largely to the in- 
terest and value of the business college train- 
ing. The significance of the improvements 
introduced at this time by Stevens and Wells 
was due to the fact that a real money value 
attached to the results of every transaction, 
and that every gain or loss of the "representa- 
tive" coII*^ge currency was indicated by a gen- 
uine loss or gain in good money. 

The originator of this plan (excepting the 
real money value) was Geo. W. Eastman, 
irom whom it was received in detail by Prof. 
Wells iniS57. 

Prof. Wells' long experience in business col- 
lege work has made him familiar with, as well 
as an authority on nearly every department of 
instruction in institutions of that kind, but as a 
teacher of practical penmanship especially he 
has for many years been recognized as a 
leader, and every college with which he has 
been associated has felt the influence of his 
ability and zeal in this direction. 

About ten years ago, having relinquished 
active participation in college work, he turned 
his attention to the improvement of methods of 
leaching penmanship in public schools, and 
sincp then has given the most of his lime and 
devoted his best eftbrts to the working out of 
this problem. 

The marked success which has signalized 
his work in the public schools of Syracuse, N, 
\ , where he has been engaged for the past 
^even years, has attracted wide attention, and 
won for him a most enviable reputation as a 
practical, successful teacher. With the excel- 
lent series of lessons given during the past 
year in the Gazette the thousands who have 
followed them with interest and profit are of 
course familiar. 

Prof. Wells was unquestionably born to 
teach, and his unflagging enthusiasm for the 
advancement of his chosen profession has been 
no uncertain factor in augmenting the measure 
of his success. 

As Director of the Chautauqua School 
OF Business he has I'ully demonstrated his fit- 
ness for the position assigned him in the work 
of this great university. In the complete suc- 
cess of this correspondence school, which now 
appears to be amply assured, we can see the 
crowning achievement of a busy, useful life in 
the line of special educational work. 

Teacliluff WrltiDg. 

Correct writing is partially the result of cor- 
feci movement. Movement and form should 
pull together like a team of good horses. The 
other day in Boston I was riding in a street 

car when one horse pushed ahead and did the 
pulling, while the other held back. That was 
like form in writing going ahead without 
movement. But when both pulled together 
we went along nicely. That was like form 
and movement going along together. Driving 
either movement or form to excess will inter- 
fere with progress. The teacher j-hould be 
conslantly on the walch to see that both get 
along evenly. Too much form will injure 
writing by destroying movement; too much 
movement will also injure writing by destroy- 
ing form. You cannot produce good results 
without uniformity of action. If a person 
steps quickly at one time and -ilowly at another, 
the steps will be of difterent length. But when 
he moves with a regular step — one, two, three, 
four — the steps will be equal in length. Uni- 
tbrmity of outline, or form, is largely the result 
of unilbrmity of action. To secure rapid writ- 
ing (and I do not mean by that a rapid jerkv 
action) the movement should not be slow at system of wriiing. He got his pupils 
very enthusiastic in the matter of writing, and 
BO worked them up to a love of the art that I 
have often seen tears shed in his classes by 
pupils who were discouraged. I saw him go 
to one young man whose tears had wet his 
paper, and who said, "I don't believe I will ever 
learn." Mr. Spencer sat down and wrote a 
poor copy, little better than the young man 
could write, and said, "There, see if you can- 
not beat the old man." In a little while Mr. 
Spencer came along, looked at the work and 
slapped the young man on the back, saying, 
"There, you are beating the old man, I will 
get another pen;" and he wrote a little better 
copy, in this way leading the pupil up to better 
work. You will find it a good plan to some- 
times give a poor copy and tell your pupil to 
beat you. Take a little child. "Come," you 
say, "let's run a race." Away the little one 
goes and how Inppy it is when it excels. But 
buppo ing you start oft and run away from the 

one time and rapid at others, but the pen 
should move as in walking, with regular steps. 
If a person moves hts pen regularly as rapidly 
as he can write well, produces a good form, 
and keeps it up through the page, he will get 
through that page much quicker than he who 
writes spasmodically. Itis uniformity of action 
that produces good writing and a swiftly 
written page. • • * 

Enthusiasm in the teacher is the chief key 
to success. The pupils will not be enthusias- 
tic in their work if they do not see enthusiasm 
in the teacher. During the school hours the 
teacher should do ttie best work he can for his 
pupils, and if he feels himself lagging he should 
feel that he ought to quicken work or get out 
of the profession, This enthusiasm can be 
created in various ways. • • ■ 

I teach pupils what not to do in order to 
teach them what to do. Sometimes I believe 
it is well to have students write with you. If 
a pupil is discouraged in his work, I prepare 
for him a copy a little better than his own 
writing, and he thinks he is coming nearer to 
what I can do, that after all there is not much 
dilference. I say to him: "See if you cannot 
beat my copy, and if you can I will try to 
give you a better one." I saw this done many 
years ago by Mr. Spencer, author of the Spen- 

child, can you ever get him to run with you 
again? • • * 

I believe in firing the ambition of a pupil in 
teaching writing in a poetic way. Father 
Spencer, who was so excellent in his work, was 
full of the poetry of motion. He saw beauty 
in the waves of the sea, and the trees and the 
flowers and the clouds, in ihe bend of a blade 
ofgrass— everywheie, in fact. He would in 
his blackboard practice let the movement up 
and down resemble the waves of the sea, 
training the pupil to graceful action, for where 
you have graceful action you will have grace- 
ful form. 

The old gentleman, whom I shall always 
remtmber with reverence, Mr. Spencer, would 
go aiound and pat a boy on the back, saying, 
"You are doing well," and the boy would 
work with all his might and wonder when he 
was going to get more of that praise; and 
when the master came around again he would 
look for it, for he knew he had been doing his 
best and deserved it, and that the old gentle- 
man would be sure to give it. Love of appro- 

1 is an 


all mankind, and is the cause of the largest 
amount of excellence. Skill in almost every 
direction is developed through the love of ap, 
probation. Approbation was Father Spencer's 

be!.t key to success, and if you use it judicious- 
ly among your pupils Ihey will etrive to 

A Hammotli Book. 

"just outside of London they are at work on 
the biggest book in the world," said a New 
York publii-her yesterday, who has recently 
returned from a trip to England. "It will be 
more than four times as large as Webster's 
dictionary, and will contain something like 
eight thousand pages. It is to be the ideal 
dictionary of the English languag", and will 
supersede all pre-existing authorities. It has 
long been realized by scholars that the English 
language is deficient in this respect. The 
French have two dictionaries, that of M. Litre 
and of the Academy, that are far superior to our 
own, The Worterbuch of the German broth- 
ers Grimms is still more exhaustive and au- 
thoritative, Even the Portuguese dictionary, 
by Vieira, decidedly surpasses anything in 
English. But the British Philological Society 
projoses to fill this yawning gap in our refer- 
ence books. They hold that a dictionary 
should be an inventory of the language, and 
that iis doors should be opened to all works — 
good, bad and indifferent. This new work 
will not be confined to definitions and cross ref- 
erences. The life history of each word will 
be fully given, with a quotation from some 
standard writer, showing iS shades of mean- 
ing and Ihe variations in its usage from one 
generation to another. The work was origi- 
nally started in 1859, but the death of editors, 
financial embarrassments, and changes in the 
plans have interrupted its progress. It is now 
hoped that the book may be published to its 
completion without unnecessary delay. The 
amount of research and reading yet to be ac- 
complished is very great, and there are on 
hand some 3,000,020 to 4,000,000 slips which re- 
quire patient classification. The next century 
will probably open before the dictionary can 
be placed in complete form upon the library 
shelves. But the advance sheets, devoted to 
the first letters of the alphabet, which have al- 
ready been i-sued, have met with the most 
favorable comment from scholars, and given 
promise that the English language is to have 
at last a lexicography worthy of its literature." 

A novel use of the stereoscope was recently 
made in the detection of a counterfeit bank 
note. A hundred-franc note was submitted to 
the experts of the Bank of France as issued 
by a bund of forgers, but the execution was so 
perftct that no defect could be discovered by 


the suspected note was placed side by side 
with Ihe genuine one in the objective of a 
stereoscope, the two images of which, as well 
known, overtie each other and form a single 
picture. The result of the experiment was 
that the loop in a letter of the forged note did 
not exactly cover that of the genuine one, 
showirrg that they had not been printed from 
the same plate.— £,v. , ; i 

Elegant Lead-Fenclls. 

In point of finish, beauty, fineness of lead, 
the Gaskell pencils are leaders. Done up 
securely and sent by mail at 50 cents per dozen, 
or wholesale to regular agents at $3 per gross. 

The card specimens on page 7 were dashed 
otf by Iheir authors without any idta of their 
ever entering the engraver's retreat. The 
work is good, however, for unpremeditated 


dilimmerlDgr Glimpses of Cbantaaqna 

No summer resort ofFere such a mixture of 
comforl, pleasure and rare intellectual treats as 
C)iaiitauc)ua Lake, a "glittering gem" of 
crvstal waier set in an elevated ridge which di- 
vides the slope of the -St. Lawrence .nul tli.ii <•( 
the Mississippi. Flowing in a - 
easterly direction the waters from 
this lake mingle with that of the 
Ohio, Alieghany and Mississippi, 
jet, go back in almost any direc- 
tion and the flow is in an opposite 
direction. The supply of water 
to the lake is received mostly 
Ihrongh the source of numerous 
springs which bubble up from its 
sylvan banks, and keep its waters 
always cool and crystal-like. The 
lake is about twenty miles in 
length, with charming summer 
residences sprinkled all along its 
wooded banks, and farther back 
graded slopes with small farms 
of growing crops spread here and 
there. At times, when the sun 
bursts from behind a cloud, there 
are kaleidoscopic views about this 
lake which defy the inspired touch 
of a Raphael, or challenge the 
vocabulary of the most fastidious 
word painter to graphically repre- 
sent. Across the lake perhaps 
you will see partly on land and 
partly on the placid water, a gold- 
en sheet of bright sunlight gilding 
hillsides and water into a rare 
picture, and if a small sail boat 
happens to pass across this sun- 
lit spot, the scene is intensified 
by the white sails flapping in the 
breeze. Shadows of various 
clouds passing over the lake 
cause the water to variegate with 
the most delicate tints; here on 
its calm bosom an emerald spot 
appears, there in the distance is a 
shimmering spot of deep yellow, 
and further on perhaps, a purple 
belt drawn from shore to shore. And thus it 
is with this chameleon-like gem, every change 
of weather produces its corresponding change 
on its mirror-like surface. 

Chautauqua proper is the chief attraction of 
the lake, being the place where the Assembly 
meets from year to year, and where thousands 
of visitors from all parts of the country come 
to spend their summers. Cottages 
and tents are thickly sprinkled all over 
the grounds, giving the place the air 
of some quaint old village ol primitive 
limes. There are no sidewalks, but 
rustic roads run here and there which 
are called avenues So many educa 
tional departments, buildings and de 
vices give it the appearance of a mod 
ern Athens. Here are the headquir 
ters of the Literary and Scientih 
Circle, Schools of Languages the 
Teachers' Retreat, the School of Theo 
logy, the College of Music School oi 
Clay Modeling, School of Cookery 
Young Folks' Reading Union Mis 
sionary Institute, Gymnasium School 
of Shorthand, School of Busmt-ss and 
other departments of education It 
would be impossible to mention all the 
interesting features of this glorious 
place shorter than a volume The 
amphitheater is located near the center 
of the grounds, and at times the peals 
from the great organ can be heard from 
nearly all the various collages Here 
every day for two months Is given a 
programme of rare excellence. 

One hour you are entertained by the most 
soul-stirring music, another by a lecture by 
some celebrity of this or other countries. To- 
day the Schubert quartet are lifting us heaven- 
ward by their blending voices, to-morrow we 
are awe-stricken by Sam Jones' shower of sul- 
phurous theology. And so on ; every day 
brings new features. While there we heard 
Dr. Talmage lecture on The Absurdities of 
Evolution in that stage-rambling style peculiar 
to himself When he opens his mouth wide 
enough for one of his home-constructed words 
to escape then- is just enough room on the 

outside for his voice, which, by the way, is a 
very noticeable feature. Some one speaking 
of his voice has said: " Talmage's resonant 
tones, when in a rasping vein of sarcasm, cause 
the feathers on the ladies' hats to curl and the 
flowers to wither under the pungent blast." 
This statement sounds to us like an overgrown 
hyperbole. We listened to Will Carleton in 

physiognomy and proved to us that he was 
mortal, and would not vanish into thin air as 
many supposed. 

Geo. W. Cable read some of his unpublished 
writings in an entertaining style. Upon his 
first appearance upon the stage he was some- 
what fatigued from travel, and at first spoke 
rather low. Some shouting minister from the 
of the amphitheater who could not be en- 
ned unless a man yelled until hisepiglot- 
uckto he roof of s mou h and urned red 
s face asked h m to peak lo de Cable 
3 bu almost an> one could see that he 

For a number of evening entertainments w< 
were taken across the Atlantic by means oi 
ingenious stereopticon lectures and well deHn 


he infuses new meaning by his peculiar 
but natural style. There is something in 
his manner which always announces the 
funny parts ere he reaches them — a twinkle 
of his eye, a half-curbed smile stealing around 
his mouth, or a mechanical gloom drawn 
across his brow, all speak plainly of the coming 
of a button tester. He certainly touches the 

was a little 
abruptly- Aftei 
enthusiastic din 


inding up 

: he asked in a tone slightly 
, "Did you hear that?" 
mysteriously blown in on 
the audience one afternoon, wearing a bland 
look on his Apollo*Iike face and a bundle of 
charcoal and red paint under his arm. In care 

nk Beard i 

eated illustrations. One moment the listeners, 
lifted into imaginary spheres by vivid descrip- 
tion and life-like views, were plowing their 
way through the briny waters of the .\tlantic 
aboard some grand old steamer ol the Cunard 
line, and the next were crowded into a quaint 
and dusty looking English omnibus. In an 
ing the English channel 
Paris. After arriving we were led 
t galleries, museums, and other 
places of interest until the da z- 
zling sights of Parisian beauty 
brought the pearly drop to our 
aching eyes. This is only a vague 
hint of what was brought so 
clearly before us. 

The illuminated fleets at Chau- 
tauqua are remarkably beautiful. 
Hundreds of row boats, steam 
launches, large boats and other 
crafts constructed for the occasion, 
all brilliantly illuminated with 
lanterns of every hue, furnish a 
charming panorama. They march 
in straight lines and then form 
into fantastic circles and emblems, 
reminding one of what might be 
seen during a night at Venice, or 
a Japanese night of feasting. 

The most novel musical feast 
we enjoyed while at Chaulauqua 
was the "Rock Band;" a more 
iderful and unique arrange- 
ment could not be imagined. 
Fancy a wooden frame about 
twelve feet long, like two wooden 
shelves. On the upper shelf, in- 
sulated by mean» of straw ropes, 
are twenty-five slabs of rough 
stone chipped and hammered like 
the stone celts of our barrows and 
hoes, from four feet to six or 
eight inches long and from one 
and one-half to four inches broad, 
nged in threes and twos like 
the black notes of a piano, which 
they truly represent. On the 
lower shelf, insulated in ihesaine 
way, are the naturals— thirty-five in number, 
and gradually decreasing in size, from the long 
deep notes of the bass clef to the small high 
notes of the treble. This gigantic instrument 
Is played by three perlbrmers with wooden 
mallets covered with leather. There are 
three interesting features about the instrument, 
the novelty of its construction, the deftness 
of the performers, and the excellent 
melody produced, 

Among the most interesting feat- 
ures of the Chautauqua grounds are a 
number of devices calculated to assist 




partments. These are the models < 
Jerusalem, the great Pyramid, th 
Palestine Park, and the Pathway ( 
Roman History. They not onlv serv 
their purpose in assisting students oti 
the regular courses, but they 
continual object lesson, which Is forced I 
igain and again upon the atteni 

the I 


hearts of the people, by moving with them and 
not by taking an eagle's flight into the gauzy 
nothingness. Dr. Buckley, of New York, 
amused us one afternoon with his lecture on 
"Quackery." He pulled back the somber 
curtains of spiri'ualism, revealing the false 
hair, wax figures, unhung spirits of the de- 
parted, limberjacks of all sizes, and all wires 
connecting with Plutonian stations, etc. He 
also drew the cerk from patent medicines, and 
showed the dlfl'erent species of bosh that were 
contained in the deadly concoctions. He also 
pulled the funeral drapery from the clerical 

of his keeper he was permitted to roam over 
the stage for the belter part of the afternoon. 
After removing his cufls and a few remarks, 
he was permitted to draw pictures. After 
drawing a very comical picture he has a way 
of looking grieved, as though all that was near 
and dear to him had been torn from his grasp. 
Counting all that is bare fiom his nose up, 
Beard naturally has a very long fac^. His 
charcoal and crayon sketches are wonderfully 
graphic. The Gazette readers will find 
novel and ingenious ideas in his drawing les- 
sons which appear each month. 

vivid realization of thei 
natural features of the Holy Landj 
Palestine Park has but one equal, an 
that is Palestine itself. The Park lie 
along the lake which here makes 
graceful curve like that of the Medi- 
terranean Sea along the Syrian coast. 
The mountains of Bible history ap- 
pear here in their proper proportions, 
16 mounds of masonry covered with 
close green turf. The Valley of the 
Jordan holds a tiny stieam yihicli runs 
all summer long in its sunken channel 
to the Dead Sea, a pool which lies bi;luw the 
level of the lake. Little cities dot ihc jiiinia- 
lure landscape here and there and evergreen 
trees do duty as the Cedars of LeliMiun. 
During the Assembly session !ectuti-s .ire 
given In the park by competent person^, wlio 
amid these suggestive surroundings cxjilain 
the beauties of the Holy Land. 

The Pyramid stands on the Terrace in the 
rear of the postotBce, and presents a sectional 
view of the great Pyramid of Cheops near the 
Egyptian Nile, which is supposed by some 
learned men to contain within its nM-sive 


stone work the sum of human knowledge. 
The section is so arranged as to show the 
chambers and passages which have been dis- 
covered within its depths. Descriptive talks 
upon the Pyramid are given hy men ac- 
quainted with its wonders. 

"The mode! of Jerusalem is in the beautifu 
grove near the steamboat landing. It is about 
twenty-five feet in diameter and is surrounded 
hy a gallery from which one looks down upon 
the pigmy city. Everything is represented in 
the model — the city quarters, the deep ravines 
and brooks, the Mosque and its courts, the 
walls, and the many places in the vicinity 
whose names are connected with the history 
of the Jews and their capital. 

"The Roman Pathway is a successful at- 
tempt tu outline the events of the ancient his- 
tory of Rome in such manner that they may 
be deeply impressed upon the mind of the stu- 
dent. One of the avenues which extends along 
the upper terrace from the great Amphitheater 
to the Acaiiemia — the grove which has been 
dedicated to the University, and which now 
shades the buildings of the department of An- 
cient Languages — was chosen for this path- 
way. By the wayside tablets have been erected, 
each bearing the name and date of an impor- 
tant occurrence in the history. There are 
some sixty of these tablets placed at regular 
intervals on a scale which allots two feet to 
the year. In this manner the period from the 
Roman growth and greatness is marked out, 
and the relation to time is preserved and pre- 
sented to the eye. The centuries are desig- 
nated by large pillars which bear upon their 
faces a summary of the events of the hundred 
years immediately preceding, a list of the 
greatest names of the epoch, and a few words 
giving t!ie distinctive features of the century, 
for example, as an age of conquest or of civil 
war. The whole is a novel textbook, and like 
the other attractions at Chautauqua it is both 
interesting and instructive." 

Some persons who have not visited this 
veritable dreamland get an Idea that it is only 
a workshop for the ponderous brain, and that 
visitors have thrust upon them menus oi theol- 
ogy, science, and a general potpourri of brain 
food. Without investigation they see cadaver 
ous looking students lost in meditation or 
sauntering in a dream-like way toward the 
profound throne of sofne professor of Latin- 
Greek or Persian mythology. Not so; if one 
is so constructed he can indulge his laziness 
here as well as in the festive hammock of the 
seashore, while he can have all advantages pos- 
sible. There is no act in the code of laws that 
will compel him to become lean and hungry- 
over scientific questions or hair-splitting theo- 
logical conundrums. If he finds Talmage's 
words too pungent for his mental appetite he 
can quietly withdraw from the board. If 
Buckley's words touch him in a tender spot or 
jar his nervous machinery in any way he may 
quietly seek solitude without interference. 
There is always something going on here to 
please every one, no matter how his tastes may 
run. If you delight in pulling the sportive 
pickerel from his moist retreat, 
" Here is tlic angler's paradise, 

Witli balmy perfume in ihe air 
And wild flowers springing at his feet. " 

Or if you have the soul of an artist and delight 
in feasting your eyes on verdant shores and 
sunlit waves, you may have your love grati- 

n thy beauty thou shall ai 

Far down into thy deep, still waters gazing, 

Up from thy depths light, fleecy clouds sccin i 
Tinged by the setting sun with hues of gold." 

Points of Difference. 

.nd behind the < 
landeth God wi 


Prof. Wells is hewing to the line, and teach- 
1.TS of experience will bear me out in saying 
that his conclusions in the main are undenia- 
ble. He puts the matter very mildly when he 
says that "rapidity of movement in practicing 
oecms to be an open question, teachers differ- 
ing widely on this point," and follows with ex 

plicit instruction in language that cannot be 
misunderstood: "Begin with a moderate uni- 
form movement," mark the language, "and 
then geadually Increase the speed as the action 
appears to come under control, and more en- 
encouraging results will generally be secured." 

Better language could not have been chosen 
to express in a clear and concise manner the 
best, the very best course of action. 

This course of treatment Is general with our 
very best teachers, and Mr. Wells does an in- 
justice to the profession by saying that teach- 
ers differ widely on this point. No one worthy 
the name of teacher, who is honest in his con- 
victions and bears the respect of a prosperous 
experience, will waver in their support of Prof. 
Wells; not that he uttered the statements first 
or List, but that they contain the truth which 
alone must deline our position. 

Our acquaintance with the wrong is neces- 
sary in order that we may appreciate the right. 
Some persons affiliate with that which is wrong 
simply because their natures will receive noth- 
ing else. In such instances they are not ac- 
countable, and therefore should not be held 
responsible for statements and actions entirely 
out of keeping with good taste and reason. 
Therefore let it not be said that teachers differ 
widely upon the point of how speed should be 

There is but one reasonable explanation 
under high lieaven that will reconcile the rest- 
ing of the hand upon the nails of the third and 
fourth fingers. I have no desire and no dis- 
position to add conflicting testimony merely 
for the sake of bewildering the jury; neither 
can I withhold an honest conviction for fear 
of conflict. 

Upon the hypothesis that you use a straight 
penholder and a fine pen it is obligatory to 
hold the pen as per the usual directions to se- 
cure the very best results. Upon the other 
hand, writing with a coarse pen and straight 
holder where no shade is required or expected, 
the hand is not held so far to the left, and of 
necessity does not rest on the nails of the third 
and fourth fingers, but on the first joint of lit- 
tle finger. I repeat it, if the hand assumed 
the proper position with the straight holder 
and fine pen, without requiring great effort, the 
"oblique" would never have been invented. 
"Necessity being the mother of invention," 
the "oblique" came forth because of necessity, 
and to-day meets the highest expectations of 
the very best metal in the field. 

The construction of the oblique is upon the 
principle of the crooked scythe handle. In the 
er the hand is not required to be drawn so 
far to the left, neither in the latter is one re- 
quired to stoop so low as with the straight 
handle. Both are for relief, the one lor the 
hand, the other for the body. To me these 
facts are self evident, to those coming upon 
the stage of action they may prove invaluable, 
and offer no other reason than that others may 
build upon the fossilized facts of to-day. I feel 
feel justified in their promulgation. "Endeavor 
to practice all the exercises in the lessons with 
a pure arm movement, avoiding as far as pos- 
sible any action of the thumb or finger joints." 

Does Mr. Wells mean to say, and have the 
readers of the Gazette understand, that the 
highest possible execution of any kind of writ- 
ing consists in a purely fore-arm movement, 
and that there should be no action whatever of 
the thumb and fingers? If this is the gentle- 
man's stand I beg to differ, and appeal to the 
highest authority of our clan for a decision. 

The gentleman says avoid as far as possible; 
does he mean that the action must cease, if 
possible? And if not possible, to what degree 
is license given? "Observe the movement o*" 
the third and fourth fingers as they glide over 
the paper in writing, and be sure that this cor- 
responds exactly with every motion of the 

This is conclusive, and argues that there 
cannot be any action of the fingers, providing 
the motion of the pen is simultaneous with 
that of the third and fourth fingers; i. e., if by 
some process the fingers could write like the 
pen, an exact counterpart of the work done 
with the pen would be done with the nails of 
the third and fourth fingers. The technicali- 
ties of the law have won fame at the bar. If 
the technicalities of our profession are over- 
looked, what must be our doom? I do not 
care to quibble, but in the light of acquired 
knowledge deem these points of difference of 
vital importance to all who desire the acqulei- 
-tionof the very best methods. 

Open wid 

Said the poet's stirring pen: 
When the thoughts I write-go forth, 
Many a weary, throbbing breast, 

Sweeps the busy land along. 

[For the Pknman'b Gazette.] 

Hnmorons Literature. 

Commenting upon the disposition of Ameri- 
cans to find something fit for levity in every 
subject, a European journal charges us with 
being a laughing race, and gently insinuates 
that our love for the comic, ridiculous and 
humorous in life is causing a degeneration in 
the moral tone of our character; that we are 
losing that grave solidity which by nature we 
should inherit from our Puritan ancestors. It 
is true that humorous publications and humor- 
ous lecturers thrive better in America than in 
any other country in the world; it is also true 
that Americans are lovers of the ridiculous in 
life; we had ample evidence oi that fact when 
we saw Oscar Wilde come and depart hence 

A contemporary says that humor is the most 
popular of all literature, and justly so. 

Nothing can be truer, and it will be found 
true, too, that the most sincere patrons of the 
thousands of jolly, comic and humorous publi. 
cations that are daily published throughout the 
United States are our most firmly established 
business men, the bankers and brokers, physi- 
cians and attorneys, who have but a brief hour 
in which to seek relief from the cares of their 
daily business, finding in such papers a spright- 
ly spirit which brings forgetfulness for a time 
of all the vexatious recollections of their cares 
in the contemplation of the ridiculous and 
comic delineations of the author's characters, 
becoming oblivious to their own foibles and 
follies. This should be the aim of the true 
humorist, he who should claim Puck for his 
cousin and find ancestral relation to Pantagmel 
Such are real benefactors to mankind- 
Very different are those vulgar scribblers 
who, without genius for humor or ability in 
the portraiture of the comic, are constrained to 
instill into their productions the vulgar tirgot 
which we call slang. Such authors can cause 
as much harm in the way of corrupting the lan- 
guage of those whose habits of speech and 
ideas of propriety are not yet fixed, as actual 
intercourse with the users of such language 
could cause. 

To this add the demoralizing effect upon lit- 
erature itself by the incorporation of low 
idioms into a class of literature which is "justly 
esteemed the most popular of all literature." 
The humorist lives only for the present; but a 
day passes and the readers feel a loss of that 
freshness which yesterday characterized his 
article, but yet the works of the standard 
humorist do not die. Those who come afler 
us will read of our customs, will be interested, 
perhaps, in the history of our domestic lives, 
and though the picture in the style of carica- 
ture which is often adopted is sometimes too 
roughly drawn, yet they will not find truer 
chroniclers or those events than the humorist 

who finds something mirth-provoking in the 
now. W. BuRRELL Morris. 

Gokouda^ III, April 77, iSS6. 

Select Readings. 

Beauty and accuracy of expression in read- 
ing and speaking may be justly regarded as a 
fine art, attainable in its perfection only by a 
knowledge and practice of the rules and prin- 
ciples of elocution. The Gazette would call 
the attention of its readers to "Select Read, 
ings" published by TheG. A.Gaskell Co.,one 
of the finest works of the kind published. It 
contains 500 pages, printed from clear, new 
type, on fine tinted, heavy, crown plate paper 
and bound in cloth, English silk cloth, and 
half Russia, with gilt or plain edges, and side 
stamps in black and gold of beautiful design. 
For public or private entertainments the selec- 
tions are the choicest, there being among them 
those of the most pathetic, gav, humorous 
heroic, sublime and patriotic. Price in strong 
board, cloth back, $1.75 ; in English silk cloth, 
black and gold sides, plain edges, $j; in silk 
cloth, black and gold sides, gilt edges, $2.50; 
in half Russia, gilt edges, $4. Agents can 
make money selling this work. The publish- 
ers will send a canvasser's prospectus with cir- 
culars and "How to sell" for fifty cents. 

Barnnin's KlvaL 

Mr. W. H. Lothrop kindly favors us with a 
specimen of an advertisement which appeared 
in the New York papers about the year 1835. 
It would seem from the size of the statement 
contained in this advertisement that chariatani- 
cal penmen were permitted to exist even in 
the primitive days of 1835. The following is 
the substance of that chimerical effusion. 
Oiii meruit palman femt. 

Brislow's Royal Anti-Angul;u' System of Writinir. 

"Before anything is eflcctcd we thir 

is doni 

Liught by the real 
Writing Academy 

s for the relief of t 

adopted. In London it was 
lion of the Royal Society of / 


:s of the British Isles .md the Continent 
vulgar writing— how- 

lay be- 

at once bold, free, elegant, fas 

tioua and permanent in twelve easy lessons or one hour 

each. Attainable by persons of nil ages and every 

Merchants and strangers can be finished in two (biys 
Improvement guaranteed. Pupils who have never 
written are taught an elegant hand in eighteen lessons. 

Fancy the royal family grouped around a 
small white pine table diligently construcling 
kangaroo footprints, with ink bespattering 
their robes as their pens attempt to walk. 
Picture his majesty's tongue revolving at a 
fearful rate as he becomes lost i;i the "aider- 
graphic process." 

Literary Notes. 

The September number of the Philadelphia 
LzihWs Home Journal contains a seasonable 
article on summer desserts and out-door enter- 
taining by Christine Terhune Herrick. an in- 
teresting article on common grammatical errors, 
and how to appear and talk well in company. 

Mrs. Louisa Knapp, its editor, has met with 
a remarkable success in building up that paper 
to a circulation of over 270,000 paid subscribers 
in three years by her rare tact and 
genius in catering to the home instincts of iier 
sex, in the rich feast of good things set before 
her readers every month. The Journal H a, 
perfect gem, handsomely printed and illus- 
trated, and employs only the best writers, such 
as Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Louisa Alcott, 
Josiah Allen's Wife, Harriet Prescott Spofford, 
Marion Harland, Rose Terry Cooke, Mrs. 
Christine Terhune Herrick {Marion Harland's 
daughter), Mrs. J. H. Lambert, of Philadel- 
phia, and Mary Abbott Rand. 

All "Exchanges" should be : 
Penman's Gazette, 79 Wabasha 
cago. 111. 


Lesson Id WrttlDg*. 

We beg the readers of the Gazette to accept a substitute for Prof. Wells' lesson tWs 
nlh, as he is so engrossed in business that he can't possibly appear in this connection before 


nong peniT 
2 Gaze 

3 thee 

.c\\y what 

lent the chief poi 
though there are somi 
ling of this movement. 

these brief allusions. By free move- 

le hair-carving points of difference 

1 think almost every reader 

ement, but does he practice 

what he knows, and believes to be reasonable and correct theory? We receive hundreds of 
letters at the Gazette ofhce from the "Family Circle." Some oi these letters show excellent 
form, but a glance at ihem is sufficient to see that all that has been said about training the 
movement has been sadly neglected. Others show muscular movement which is untrained 
and balky. They perhaps have good ideas of form, but not having concentrated their practice 
upon systematic exercise drill, they fail to make anything correct, except occasionally through 
blind luclt. You may find it difficult to write long words and retain the proper slant and reg- 
ular forms. The following practiced with a regular movement, will help you to overcome tedi- 
ousness of 

Don't jump from one thing to another. There are ■ 
lying penmanship, but they must be learned thoroughly, 
met often practiced the small r for two and three hours a 
practice paper covered with the following: 

a few ground principles under- 
i of the best writers I have ever 
ime. 1 have seen pages of his 

The result of such practice not only establishes correct form in the mind but i 
> well . You never use a good movement until you become so familiar with an € 
ou can start off with confidence enough to put force and freedom in your motion : 

In making the three a's, allow the hand to slide freely across the page, but observe that it 
does not turn over to the right as you form the connecting stroke : 


The above practiced with a free and decided moverr 
words with regularity and speed. You can't expect to lei 
few careless strokes. Strive to improve in every line: 

nt will help you in writing long 
n an exercise of this character by a 

The con! 
rotation, but 
1 don't care li 


uch geni 
nship, much 


1 letters, alternately help to givi 

istered, half the batlle is won in capitals. You < 
you have thoroughly trained the movement in 

of the hand and arm may bring back your days of grindstone 
epetilion is the only way to train the arm in the primary elements, 
us you may have scintillating about your being, you have, in order 
plodding, even constant grinding before you. 



tro! of movement in form and utterly fail in shading in the proper 
laces. An exercise which calls for light and shade alternately will give you skill in shading 
here you wish, if practiced with that object in view. Try the three C's, shading the first 
I its loop, the second in the last down stroke of oval and so on. 

Nothing tends to give so much force to c 
some letter that will connect well and write 
or flagging in movement whatever. You c^i 
your writing may be already, this will giv< 
in the appearance of your capitals. 

ipitale as the practice of combinations. Take up 
IS many as four or five without lifting the pen 
't dwell on this loo much. No matter how good 
you more ease in your work and more decision 

This sweep and strength of movement is the very secret of some of our most expert busi- 
ness writers' success. They have their motion trained lo such a free and posiiive swing that 
they write well without the slightest fatigue. You see a good penman write with free r 
ment, apparently without effort ; you say, "That looks easy ;" so it is. when you have once gone 
through this graduated system of training the hand, which gives results as surely as le* 
to spell prepares you for reading. 

One of the best ways to learn writing is, after you get on the right track, to rvritc. You 
might memorize a volume on the geometrical technicalities of writing and then without putting 
vim and actual muscular push into your practice, you would scarcely rival the Mon| 
hieroghyphics of Horrace Greeley. If in teaching a child the art of walking parents shouMi 
say: "Now little one, preserve an equilibrium by keeping your little body In a perpendiculai 
position, and perambulate by placing your right pedal in advance of your lefl and vice 
observing that you have compound action of mind and nerve," the child would surely fall] 
under such a mass of verbiage. But if the parent should say Walk the child would know whatj 
was meant. I have seen pupils grasp the idea of muscular movement from a simple illustratiort 
and hint. They would get ideas enough in a few lessons to practice on successfully for monthsJ 

Combined signatures make an excellent practice for giving skill in varied turns. Thlsj 
kind of practice is so fascinating that it calls forth more variety of movement than you realizi 
One common fault among students of writing is in failing to practice an exercise long enouglil 
to make it interesting to them. No matter how tedious 
become skillful in its execution, the drudgery wears off. 

The Critique In Penmen. 

In the study ot any art where beauty and 
harmony are leading characteristics, the [es- 
thetic sense and discriminating powers naturally 
become more acute. The mind, through the 
study and practice of writing, is rendered more 
searching in the elements of expression or 
form in other objects. The eye is trained to 

m place objects 
scrutinized more closely, 
or should feel that hisao 
incentive to the higher 
artistic faculty in other things. If musicians 
should follow the nobler impulses awakened 
by their productions they would represent uni- 
versally the grandeur of humanity, their 
minds would be ever stored with the most 
beautiful imagery, their natures would be the 
soul of sympatlu itself. Train the mind to 
criticism in one art, and you train it for in- 
vestigation in others. Form the habit of in- 

The penr 
development of the 

vestigalion, and you become critical as 
suit, but the art of mastering in detail 
first be learned in one thing. Learn to die 
cover harmony and beauty in a landscape, and 
you learn to discover beauty in the description 
of landscapes. Become critical in forr 
motion, and you cultivate a taste for fitting 
words and graceful expressions. The n 
tng powers are slrengthend by the study of 
mathematics, and surely the sensuous knowl- 
edge is rendered more acute by the study of 
an art which has for its features beauty and 
harmony. The penman who is not cloistered 

with his art alone will not fail to 
knowledge and skill are preparini 
other arts. As the ear becomes 
the slightest harshness or discor 
becomes quick to detect deform 
of any kind in writing. 

feel that his 

-Of c 

X can. You show it in 
your looks, in your motion, in your speech, in 
everything. I can! A brave, hearty, sub- 
stantial, soulful, manly, cheering expression. 
There is character, force, vigor, determination, 
will in it. We like it. The words have a 
spirit and sparkle about them which takes one 
in the very right place. / can. There is a 
world of meaning expressed, nailed down and 
a mmed into these two words; whole sermons 


of solid-ground vlrl 

admire to hear a person speak i 

boldly, determinedly, as though 

: bravely,! 

reaching of his 
his inner soul. It tells of 
earnest, sober, serious; of i 
battle the race, and 


way that will open and brightei 

, reflection of 
mething that 1§ 
lelhing that will 
ith the world in 


^^^£j^<!^ — ^ 

('^/i/Z.y&.^An-^ . 


o are from II. e fleNible pen of die famous Mailarasz. Nos. 4, 6 and 9 ate from Che unquiveriiig hand o( A, W. Dakin. 
:lhle BcnneCl. No- 7 is from the lefl hand of the Pacific Fred O. Young. No. S, representing a small fowl, appnrentlv 
e-veculed by Mr. Bartow, and the central figure, a larger bird, is the work of J. A. Wesco. 

13 and 14 are from the In- 




79 & 81 'Wabaah Ave., CHIUAQO. 

e of A, J. SCAROOROlTGil. 

To cTcry new swbsenber for the Gazf 
one renewing hb subscrtpu'on, wc make 
coualled ofTer : 

splendid $5 Hakd Book free, *^' 

Take notice, thai when the premium GuiDK in board 
Sklhct Readings in cloth is wanted, »5 cenu additii 
musi be sent lo pay (he expense of extra binding. 

C?«>orm^°"The"ommissioTwmbrthesImc whc 
ihe$i.oo or ihe«i.3S subscription and premium be orde 
Note this carefully and avoiS mistakes 


To all old subscribers renewing their subMrriptions, and 
jfr«rr^dVj6^and''wew1lUend the^onowrngfpr^^^^^^ 

t Drtbodactyllc Pun bolder, ' 

^ill send GuioB and Sblect F 

•11 .AO 

s for bo'th." 

Hereafter our friends will please send all 
business meant for us— both the Order De- 
partment and the Gazette— to the address 
given below. Exchanges will please see 
that our address on their books is corrected 
at once. Such of them as have been send- 
ing duplicates to our department editors. 
Profs. Bridge and Wells, will please con- 
tinue to do so. 

79 & 8i Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. 

Pablistaer'fi Annonncement. 

With this issue of the Penman's Gazette 
Prof. A. J. Scarborough assumes full charge as 
managing editor. He needs no introduction 
to the Gazette readers, having been repre- 
sented frequently in its columns during the 
past. He has had a wide and varied exper- 
ience as a teacher of penmanship and other 
business college branches. He was associated 
with Prof. G. A. Gaskell for about two years 
as penman and head teacher of his Jersey City 
Business College. He has taught In other 
leading commercial colleges with excellent 
success. With his wide experience as a prac- 
tical teacher, and a thorough love and talent 
for pursuits of a literary character, we promise 
for the Gazette a prosperous and brilliant 
career. We shall spare no pains or expense to 
make it unquestionably the best paper of its 
class published. 

The G. A. Gaskell Co., 



3u fail to get the Gazette 
regularly don't hesitate to write us, and we 
■will look the matter up at once. We aim to 
deal fairly and squarely with all. Mistakes 
will sometimes occur in the best regulated 
offices, but the Gazette is doing all in its 
power to avoid them. 

The Gazette aims to keep posted in all 
hat is eolng on in the field of penmanship, 
md in order to do this successfully it needs the 
o-operation of all teachers of the art. Let us 
mow where \ou are and what you are doing. 

Write as Yon Think. 

Every earnest and practical teacher has some 
original methods forced upon him by expert, 
ence, which if conveyed to others without de- 
stroying their characteristic Unge, would be 
palatable as well as practical. That which 
moves all identity from many of the ideas 
pressed on paper is their unnatural drapery of 
words. Sometimes we see paraded through 
the columns oi penmen's papers ideas whose 
age and frailty cause them to totter under their 
headgear of bombast. They are rendered in- 
active by their endless train of superlative ad- 
jectives. Thay seem to be suffocating in a 
tight-laced jacket of scientific bosh. They look 
inanimate and ghastly under the glare ot bor- 
rowed light. Occasionally we see an article 
on geometrical form in penmanship whose 
ideas remind us of a collection o( mechanical 
dolls performing a calculated task dictated by 
the clicking hammer of a metronome, rather 
than rational beings acting upon convictions 
prompted by individual reasoning. If you 
have a good idea which comes surging over 
the battlementsofyour mind, threatening havoc 
to your mental pabulum, don't choke the life 
out of it and then shroud it in the cold gar- 
ments of some dead philosopher, because they 
look high-toned, but rather clothe it in close- 
fitting words, and place its likeness in your 
manuscript. This is the true art which will 
make your ideas shine forth with lite and 
originality from the page. The waste basket 
is the only cemetery for dead ideas. Manu- 
script should never be paraded for the sole 
purpose of exhibiting its plagiarized garments. 
Give us your ideas on paper exactly as you use 
them in your class. Talk in your manuscript 
as you do In your schoolroom. Clothe your 
sul ject in thought and not in empty words 
alone. Write for the good you mav do, and 
not for the sole purpose of sending your sten- 
torian notes ringing through (he dizzy corri- 
dors of fame. Don't write simply that you 
may clamber up the pinnacle of chirographic 
renown to some cloistered nook where you 
may with safety lasso the groaning fraternity 
of the lower rea'ms with endless curves or 
toast them over the coals of ridicule with your 
remorseless, scathing pen. Write your convic- 
tions in a clear-cut style, and all will be inter- 
ested. Don't write a long communication 

rical optics. Let's have peace; we can use 
large quantities of that article in our business. 
We will exchange a number of scathing pens 

and scalping knives 
" peace like a river." 

irs of that 
Many of the peni 

vtent. If instead of hav- 
I poured upon them they 

simply that a certain i 

I the 


number may be thrilled with feather-edged 
sensations of ecstacy. No, don't poise a single 
individual on the point of your frail pen, you 
won't have time to keep him thus, and besides 
it excites envy among others of the quivering 
brotherhood as they gaze at his dizzy highness, 
Write to benefit all. There are hundreds 
whose Intellectual appetites may be yearning 
for your simmering pot-pourri. Don't serve 
your readers with long columns of twelve- 
carrot ragout, simply because it savors of some 
other writer's dish. No matter how common 
place your writing may seem, if it is from the 
soul, some reader is sure to be benefited. If 
you feel that the flood gate of your poetical na 
lure has been raised, don't dam it up with 
frigid theory because you are afraid some cynic 
will chill your blood with a grating snarl. No, 
don't allow your writings to become fenced in 
by the opinions of others, simply because Ihey 
are opinions. Because your ideas don't pull 
in harness with those of some older member 
of the fraternity, don't shear and plane them 
down until there is nothing left but an Intima- 
tion and an ink drop, but wrench them forth 
with your facile pen without destroying tlielr 
Identity. In other words, write naturally and 
you will write practically. 

Put Up Thy Blade. 

Some casual reader glai 
nay think the penman 

it this heading 
been showing 
their combative skill as well as that displayed 
In spiral colls and blending shades. Not so; as 
a rule they don't hanker after the carmine riv- 
ulet of their fantastic brotherhood. But occa- 
sionally some fossilized brother, from his moss 
covered nook is aroused by the clarion notes 
from some practical method of the nineteenth 
century, and pricks up his dusty ears, looks 
over the records of iSia, and burnishes his 
rusty trowel preparatory to throwing mud. 
He hurls his malleable masonry in blinding 
sheets over the audacious mortal who dares 
lo spit his common sense In the face of vener- 
able science, threatening havoc to his geomet- 

be chipper to 
ing mud and 

could bask in soothing fioods of 
Take Michaels, tor Instance; he ca 
at night; he occasionally awakens while he is 
asleep, fills the air with a disfigured vocabu. 
lary, struggles under the illusive grasp of hid- 
eous nightmai^s. all because some horrid, 
spiteful penman has intimated that he was not 
ad stimmum of the art chirographic. There's 
our greatest chirographic benefactor, G. A. 
Gaskell; every practical minded man knows 
that his Compendium has been the means of 
bringing out more good writers than anything 
of its nature published; now why should any 
penman turn a weak battery toward such a 
fort, while breastworks of living testimony 
are rising In every remote hamlet of the coun- 
try. It is too late to fight such an army. The 
recruits are too numerous and the utility too 
inevitable to be slain by jealous slings and 
arrows. Let us recognize every good thing, 
no matter from what source it comes. Let us 
be willing to throw up those old embalmed 
methods when we find something better. 
Even if we know it all. for the sake of liber- 
ality let's accept a three-cornered idea from 
some other penman, though his name be 
not etched on the top rail of renown ; we can 
crowd it into some remote corner of our bulg- 
ing dome of thought. Try it; the menial 
dome is a wonderfully flexible structure, and 
if permitted will accommodate a few thoughts 
of others. Put your heads together, not wllh 
physical force, but in a common Interest. A 
bundle of pates, so to speak, properly clustered 
le grand cause, can often do more effect, 
ual work than a solitary intellect bobbing in a 
wayward manner for an inspiration. Of course 
if there is a disposition on the part of some one 
to become entirely too "new," then it Is well 
enough to persuade him into the fact that there 
are a few unwritten things that have not yet 
dawned upon the firmament of his capacious 
mind. Inform him pacifically but firmly that 
there are portions of his intellectual sponge 
which yet remain unsoaked. Oftentimes this 
class of men, afier being convinced that Web- 
ster was a better speller than themselves, and 
that Wendell Phillips could outstrip them a 
few laps in fluency of speech, commence at 
the proper end of the thread and pull through 
tolerably well. If you see some progressive 
member alx>ut to snatch the laurel from its 
parent stem, don'l interfere by shaking his ped- 
estal with unripe criticism. If he has earned 
the laurel, and it is ripe, let him wear It, O, 
course this thing of being too rash In jerking 
"bright honor from the pallid moon," or clam- 
bering over the tree of fate to wrench an in- 
fant laurel from its branch, don't look well, 
and besides, the mercury of your ambition may 
rise too suddenly for the welfare of your sac- 
charine hence. 

The Card Writer at Large. 

Take the average card writer, with his in- 
destructible cheek, from his native heath, and 
you have an object with which the most pro- 
found relic seeker may grapple. As a rule, 
his Job-like patience and restful nature out- 
weigh his "boodle.'' His conscience general- 
ly remains unseared, owing lo its extreme re- 
moteness. His siren smiles and resonant 
tones hideth a multitude of bheolic commo- 
tions. He listcnelh tocriticism with a martyr's 
expression and a dagger in his heart. From 
the early dawn until the sable curtains of night 
are quietly pulled down he vigorously main- 
tains a chair In a motionless position, and be- 
comes lost in the consuming task of adjusting 
the pin-feathers of a kingfisher which he has 
built with remarkable fluency on the unused 
clearing of a second-hand envelope. He oc- 
casionally pauses from his arduous labors an 
Instant to see the surging avalanche of hu- 
manity as they pour past his tremulous desk 
in solid phalanx. Ever and anon he drops his 
chin to half-mast and allows his skilled fingers 
to play hide and go seek in his unkempt 
tresses and soliloquize in sepulchral tones: 


; the 

r forever linger on th 
nd by thus lingering' 
rench g-.mdy fame fr 

borders of suspense, 
am the grasp of cold fale." 

But here comes 
ith a tremulous v 

a customer, an old lady 
oice and iron-gray specta- 

cards at twenty cent 

" What name do 

am?" he asks. 

"Well, let— me— 

two of 'em, Mrs. Jo 

plelree, and I want 

on two more. Lem- 

ront names. You 

Vigor iu Execution. 

There Is a certain amount of freshness and 
life necessary in writing to make it fascinating. 
Penmanship m^y approach perfection of form 
and yet if the letters are tediously drawn out 
with finger movement and bated breath, there 
will be a something about it which fatigues the 
eye and leaves In the mind only an impression 
of exhaustion and granulated eyelids on the 
part oi the author. The swoop of the hawk as 
he gracefully wings his way through space is 
refreshing to the eye, while the labored flap- 
ping of the partridge rising from the ground 
conveys only the Idea of hard work. This 
fresh and graceful look noticed in so much of 
the forearm writing of late years cannot be 
Imitated by other than a vigorous, well trained 
movement. The eye naturally seeks land- 
scapes whose scenery is alive, where vigor 
produces grace and beauty. No matter how 
untrained the eye may be, it will not fail to 
see and appreciate this quality in writing. 
Through much of this painfully tedious writ- 
ing we can see the author, with furrows in his 
brow and an all-gonish expression in his 
strained eyes, curved into a suffering attitude 
over his desk. In writing produced with free 
muscular movement, wefancy the writer using I fai 
an easy, dexterous movement, accomplishing | on 

" Do you print keerds here ? '' 

A ray of hope beams in the face of the 
statue-like builder of cognomens, and he in- 
forms her that he cannot print cards, but can 
write them in a style that will satiate her 
xsthelic appetite. After seeing the very sim- 
ple contortions of his wrist, she consents to 
diminish his stock to the amount of six pla 
per dozen. 
yow wish on them, mad- 

:e. You may wrili 

Jonathan Beethoven Whip- 

my oldest daughter's n 

e. Slie's got four 
veil part them i 
iddle. I guess you can leave off on^ 
hers Cleopatra Mignonette Diphtheri 
Whippletree, Now, if that dont fill out th 
keerd you can write t'other." 

rse by use of a flattened alphabet he ' 
lo squeeze Miss Whippletree's 
name on the cards. 

She likes the work very well, but thinks It 
would look better not to crowd the letters so 

An ashy pallor spreads over the card writer's 
face as she proceeds to unfurl the next chapter 
of the family record, 

" Now," the lady remarks, " I want our 
minister's name on the other two. Are you 
prepared?" He informs her by a nod and a 
moist sigh that he is ready to tackle the un- 
seen collection of Latin derivations. 

" Well, you may m 
per wood Socdologei 
and feels that life 

Such are the experiei 
scribe. He as well a 
taste the bitter morsel! 
much imadulterated bali 
for instam 

; Rev. Bulgarius ( 
He finishes the job 
with him, a funeral 

mouths ajar, 
feel the bliss] 
of pride cha: 


^s of the wandering 
3ther mortals mus 
if lite. Yet there i 
nhlscareer. When, 
elds his willowy pen in fan- 
shades, and causes the per- 
pause in their mad march 
desk with eyes aglow and 
be mortal he will not fail lo 
of feathery thrills 
h other over his frame. 

his work with a wholesome relish. 

He not only holds their attention, but \>y the 
charm of his skill their breath as well. 

There is no reason why the card writer 
might not continue to exist if he could ex- 
change the praise and glory he constantly re- 
ceives for about seven dollars' worth of board 
and washing each week. We have seen the 
loitering scribe who would feel more comfort- 
able in ihepossession of a three-dollar overcoat 
than a two-page testimonial inlaid with Ger- 
man text and gilt-edge superlatives. We have 
gazed on that street card writer wliose inner 
man clamored through his cadaverous features 
for soinelhing more nutritious than metallic 
and gauzy glory, 
the threshold of the dizzy 

I card marking we would whisper: Don't allow 


your i 

naginar^ bank 

to expand 



Don't enume 

ate J our 

poultry ere 


pip is heard. Prepare 

yourself for some 



tnent as well 

as succ 

ess. Now 


then y 

ou will meet a 


who will 



ze ^our work. 


let this sh 


your hopes or unstring your nerves. You 
may wreathe garlands in your fancy which will 
vanish like sea loam when you come to clutch 
them in your practical grasp. You will, per- 
haps, construct a future highway in your 
fertile imagination paved with glitttring eagles 
on twenty-dollar gold pieces and canopied by 
rich studies from the treasury department in 
tens and twenties. This also, as you approach 
from a practical standpoint, will perhaps be 
mergeo into the ordinary tow-path of exist- 


H keeps incre; 

sing i 

The C. G 


C. T. Smith of Jacksonville, III., has a dash 
to his writing which strikes us where we exist. 

W. \V. Bennett, formerly of Cleveland, Is 
now in Bryant's Business College, Chicago, 

"Of all the papeis received by me I consider 
the Gazette //« desC'—W. H. Way, Newell, 

A. L. Lange, speaking of the Gazette, 
says: "After trying one month I find I cannot 
do without it." 

E. F. Richardson, tl 
penman of Kentucky 
Bowling Green to Horse Ci 

E. G. Mansfield 

B. W. Crandall of Nekoma, III., is im 
proving rapidly and has had several calls tc 
leach the art. This shows what can be dont 
by buying the Compendium and going tc 

iwake joung 
removed from 
ngstown, O., takes 

the common sense view of practical writing 
and uses purely muscular movement. 

W. H. Lothrop of South Boston, Mass., 
writes us a letter in which he shows rare skill 
as an easy, accurate and positi 

We have received a letter, v 
pretty style, from J. M. Kelly, New York 
City. He answers to the roll of ,the C. G. 
of H. 

Chas. D. Fenslemaker of Philadelphia is a 
warm friend of the Gazette, and is coming to 
the front in his penmanship as a result of as- 

The Gazette has some very pretty designs 
from M. B. Moore, Morgan, Ky. Some of 
them are exceptionally artistic, and will appear 
in future numbers. 

F. S. Heath of Epsom, N. H., sends us some 
very well executed specimens of card work. 
Heath's letters always look as trim and grace- 
ful as a Boston girl. 

— C. H. Clark, teacher of penmanship and 
bookkeeping in La Grange College, La 
Grange, Mo., paid thi 
visit not long since. 

We are constantly receiving the richest 
kind of card specimens of M. B. Moore, Mor- 
gan, Ky. There is a marked degree of 
originality in all his work. 

Penmen who wish something very neat in 
the way of badges or scarf-pins will do well to 
confer with Henry Hart, Atlanta, Ga. His 
advertisement appears in this paper. 

Walter M. Winfrcd of Petersburg, Va., has 
this to say of the Gazette in a well written 
letter: "I consider it f/te best of its kind pub- 
lished. I do not wish to miss a single num- 

— C. H. Kimmlg, of Philadelphia, sends 
some fine strokes and a letter containing one 
dollar, in which he says: "Since brother Scar- 
borough is at the helm I cannot forbear send- 
ing in my dollar." 

The Gazette misses a scintillating star 
from its firmament of late, one whose rays 
have lighted the pathway of hundreds seeking 
the chirographic goal. That luminous body is 
no less than E. K. Isaacs. 

W. S. Bowers, a boy of eighteen summers, 
living at Suez. 111., has a very severe attack of 
muscular movement which is resulting in a 
very free and forcible style of penmanship. 
He always has a good word for the Gazette. 
The Gazette has received nicely gotten up 
college catalogues from the following schools: 
Drake's Jersey City Business College; Bryant 
& Slratton Business College, Providence, R. 
I.; Gem City Business College; Waco Busi- 
ness College, Waco, Texas. 

H. J. Williamson, Richmond, Va., puts a 
force and dash into -his writing which has a 
refreshing effect. We will venture that he 
writes with the purely muscular movement. 
Brother Williamson, your Pen Art Hall 
ought to do well in Richnr.ond. 

We have a flourished bird in our sanctum 
which was incubated by B. P. Pickens of 
Mooresville, Tenn. Some of the flourished 
strokes are good, but there is a melancholy 
look about the eye which is very tear-com- 
pelling. We like to see a bird wideawake, 
always looking gay and buoyant, as though he 
preparing his larynx for a serie 

Money orders are never payable on the day 

A money order can not be drawn for more 
than $ioo, and when a larger amount is de- 
sired, additional orders must be made to make 
it up. 

No one person can secure more than three 
money orders on the same office in one day, 
when made payable to the same payee. 

Whenever a money order has been incor- 
rectly drawn, or whenever the remitter desires 
to change the place of p.iyment, the postmaster 
is authorized to take back the first order and 
issue anolher, but another fee is exacted on 

If a new order becomes necessary on account 
of a mistake made by the postmaster, he Is 
compelled to issue a new one and charge him- 
self with the ie^.—ExdiaHgc. 


The LiiKoln Monthly helps t 

The Penman's Art yoiirtial for August is a 
very pretty number. 

Business College Jonnml^ of Rockford, III., 
is a new visitor toour exchange hook. 

The Southwestern Journal oj Education 
reaches our office every month with its col- 
umns full of Interest. 

The Western Penman comes regularly each 
month to brighten our chaotic retreat and as- 

£ that it 

with I 


W. T. Mays, Deanburg, Tenn., a boy of 
fourteen, writes a long letter in a very free and 
bold style, saying: "I have learned to write 
with muscular movenient from four copies of 
the Gazette. I do not expect to do without 
the Gazette so long as I have ;i dollar about 
my person. I don't like finger movement 
and don't think any boy who writes with it 
can ever succeed as a good business writer." 

J. C. Patterson, Altoona. Pa., writes a hand 
which any business man should be proud of. 
In a recent letter he has this to say in favor of 
the Compendium: "By diligent practice from 
I succeeded in mastering a 
is hand, and as a result have 
w to a responsible and lucra- 
the office of the general 
the Pennsylvania R. R. Co. 
iuccess I attribute wholly to 

the Compendiun 
plain, neat busin< 
lisen from the pi 

superintendent oi 
n this city. My 

the Compendium, of which I cannot speak 
otherwise than in terms of the highest piaise " 



Judging from the enthusiastic and 
tone of the Progressive Age, Kansas C 
'' ■ " i that Prof Coon is doing 

a grand work i 

E. S. Glick of Si 
Gazette: "You 
scriber. Each number is worth one dollar. 
His excellent penmanship verifies that sent 

practical educator of that 

, Mich., says of the 

We i 

: in receipt of some first-class work 
Tom Geo. W. West, East Greenwich, R. I. 
lie says: "The Gaskell system gives tonearid 
finish to writing which no other system can 

W. Hurley of Detroit, Mich., can write 
■^■irtls In almost every conceivable style. He 
•turves himself over his desk something after 
">e order of a Hindoo worshiper, and the 
cards slip from under his pen with the regu 
''"■Ity and speed of machinery. 

December the Gazette was enlarged 
n page journal, which was double 
Now the publishers are figur- 
ing on still another improvement, and that is of 
merging it into magazine form of about 40 
pages, having it embrace other piactical sub- 
jects aside from what it already contains. 

The American Penman, o{ BuSa]o and Erie 
is looking unusually expressive. Prof. Clark 
gives us a well arranged account of the con- 
vention in the August number. 

The first issue of the Pen and Ink yournal, 
edited by Prof. B. M. Worthington, Chicago, 
greets us with a smile, and its columns peopled 
with good ideas and food for entertainment as 

Literary Life, edited by Rose Elizabeth 
Cleveland, and published by The Elder Pub. 
Co., 364 Wab.ish avenue, Chicago, is one of 
the highest types of a purely literary magazine 
we have seen. Published monthly at $1.50 

We have just received a copy of The College 
Record, Jacksonville, 111,, in which brother 
Brown wonders what has become of the 
Gazette. We wonder what spell Mr. Brown 
has been dozing under, that the serene but in- 
evitable bobbing up of the Gazette has failed 
to attract his attention. 





>ter 1— Portraits and Skelchei of Ameri 

Chapter III.-Off-Haiid Flourishmg : Materials for 
riounshuig; Movement ^ Exercise*; German Text and 
Old English. 3^ tlluitr-UioHS. wotttj/ fuU fagt flaUi. 

'riting;TiUM; Model Bm 

Leuei^ ; Roles for 

Chapter V.— How 

Chapter VI.— Pen Letlei 
Inks ; &ase all Pencil Marks ; 
fuU-pagt piattt. nearly all of t 

Chapter VU.- 

Wriling Fluid ; A 
Carbon Ink; Dra 
Self- Copying Ink, 

3 : While Ink ; While In! 
Gold Ink ; Silver Ink, ^ 
for Marking Linen ;lnd< 

k Ink ; Common Black Ink ; In- 
; Exchequer Ink ; Asiatic Ink : 
leliblelnk; Black Copying Ink ; 
oletlnk: Cold Ink; Mverlnk! 

■s Black Wriiing Fluid : Amo?d'i 
A'rilingFluid. So. a; India Ink; 
k; Japan Ink; I'-rchment Ink ; 

r^.mL^s°''C;fJiru ' ^"^ ''^"" 

Violet Copying Ink; Beautiful 
n Ink ; Finest Green Ink in the 
aw Ink. No. a: Yellow Ink. No. 

No. 3 ; Gold Ink, No. 9 ; Finest 

Packaees ; Ink for Marking Packages, No. a ; Purple M.irk- 
tng Ink ; Sympathetic Ink ; Sympathetic Ink, No. a ; Black 
Sympathetic foks; Blue Sympathetic Inks; SympaiheLc 
Inks Developed by Heat; Shoemakers' Ink- Colored 
"— -" ' ' Ink for Zinc Labels ; Permanent Ink for Writ- 

Money Orders 

established to 

The money order systi 
promote the public convenience, and to secure 
safety in the transfer, through the mails, of 
small sums of money, and in this particular it 
is far more serviceable than bank drafts or 
checks, and much less expensive. 

The regulations of the money order system 
are very stringent, and postmasters are never 
permitted to depart from them. 

After a money order has once been paid, no 
matter by whom presented, the Postoffice De- 
partment will not be liable to any further claim 

In sending a money order by mail, 
inclose it in the same letter with the informa- 
tion regarding it. 

In making an application for a money order, 
be sure and state the given name, as well as 
the surname, of the person in whose favor it is 
to be drawn. 

Whenever it is possible, the correct address 
-such as street and numbeP— of both the per- 
jn taking out the order and the person to 
whom it is to be paid, should be given. 



This deportm,-,il h ediid l>v Prof. WiLLlAM 
D. Bridge, A. M, Principal of the School of 
Phonography in Chautauqua U 

Type wriU 

ling phonogmphy. 

id writers or work. 5. 

r Intel Ugonce. 6. Local 

Dots and Dashes. 

— E. N. MiKER, Esq.. of New York City, 
has sold out his establishment and now de- 
votes himself to his magazine. 

— Massachusetts court reporters recently ap- 
pointed get too small a salary — only $7x0 per 
day and 7 cents per folio for each copy of tran- 

—The American Shorthand Writer takes a 
vacation during August and September. Sub- 
scribers will, however, receive their full tale of 

— The Remington was the machine used in 
the Chautauqua School of Type-wrlUng this 
summer. At least three other machines have 
applied for positions in that school for next 

^Any of our readers seeking " goodly 
pearls'' among rare or unique shorthand works 
would do well to send to R. McCaskie, 10 
High street, Marylebone, London, England, 
for his catalogue. 

— We have received a most beautiful steel- 
line engraving of Gabelsberger, the father of 
the prominent stenography of Germany. The 
Germans all honor their leaders in this field as 
we do not ours. 

—TYi^ Shorthand Writer, Chicago, for July, 
gives a remarkably valuable vocabulary of 
legal and phrase signs in tachygraphic charac- 
ters, which could be easily rewritten into other 
shorthand systems profitably. 

— Rowell & Hickcox, American agents for 
Isaac Pitman's books, decidedly decline to ac- 
cept many forms which Mr. Pitman authorizes, 
and in the only page of phonography given in 
their magazine exhibit their independence. 

—The changes which Isaac Pitman has re- 
cently admitted in his system are greatly dis- 
turbing the peace of his followers. The heavy 
dedoid tick for "he" is found to be as worthless 
now as when abandoned twenty or more years 

—Our readers will receive from Prof. W. 
D. Bridge, A.M., Plainfield, N. J., by sending a 
stamp, one of the neatest and most attractive 
circulars of shorthand that is published. It 
answers a mullitude of questions likely to be 
asked concerning this prominent art. 

--The printers and engravers have done 
beautiful work in giving to the shorthand pub- 
lic the little Brochure on Shorthand Numbers 
by Prof. W. D. Bridge, Plainfield, N. J., and 
all shorthanders would do well to examine it 
and master it. Fifteen cents cannot be better 

—We are glad to hear that Prof F. G. Mor- 
ris, of Easthampton, Mass., commences Oct. 
I the publication of The Mentor, & 16 p. mag- 
azine, entirely in Graham's Standard Phonog- 
raphy, We welcome our former associate 
professor into the editorial fraternity, and be- 
speak great success to his new venture. 

— We are happy to learn that our former 
pupil in shorthand, James P. Bacon, Esq., of 
Boston, Mass., has just taken into partnership 
Mr.Geo. Burpee and Mr.George Means, both of 
Boston. This stenographic firm will not rank 
in any respect lower than the highest, and we 
wish them the greatest desirable patronage. 

— Many of Isaac Pitman's changes are in the 
direction of the standard Graham system, 
though not acceptii>g the governing principles 
in all cases. The lengthening of straight 
strokes to add "ter," "tor," etc., is in case. Mr, 
Pitman is lengthening his curves with the 
"ter," "der," etc. after any final hook (as way- 
thern for wonder) loses the benefit of an added 
"n" hook for "than," etc. 

— Massachusetts has now a full statf ot offi- 
cial court reporters, according to recent legis- 
lation, vii.i Isaac D, Taylor, Albany, N. Y.; 
A. C. Edson, Esq., Holyoke. Mass.; H. M. 
Wilson, Esq., Worcester; I. Irving Doane, 

West Newton; Charles D. Gay, Chelsea; Miss 
Minnie E. Conlan, Boston; Frank H. Burt, 
Newton; and Miss Annie M. White, New 

— An "old-stager" in writing machines, who 
was looking at the Hammond type-writer at 
the Chautauqua exhibition of such machines. 

at Chautauqua this summer 
■y of the grounds asked us to fur- 
nish him a stenographer and typewriter at 
once. We knew of none coming at once, but 
telegraphed for a young man who had taken 
twenty-six lessons of us by mail, never having 
had personal face to face instruction. On ar- 

^.''^v^.^'^.t^^^'-x * — 1,* — /,"A,..^^ 



said : "It seems to me that your works are so 
light that the machine must go to pieces. I'd 
like to see the insides of it." The genial oper- 
ator at once took the machine to pieces before 
the eyes of all present, gave free swing to ex- 
amination and inquiry, and the "old-stager" 
said: "I give up, lor I don't see but that your 
machine is very durable just where I thought 
it must be very weak." 

riving we found he had never written a line ol 
natter from dictation, but he had been so 
thorough in his study that he began at once, 
and without special difficulty took fifteen letters 
and over one hundred and fit'ty in all within a 

— Prof. M. M. B(»tholomew, the inventor of 
the stenograph, was at Chautauqua for some 
days in August, the "observed ot all observ- 

ers" as he sat at the reporter's table in the im- 
mense amphitheater, easily reporting the 
speeches of many of the prominent men and 
women. Drs. B. T. Vincent. W. R. Harper 
and others made use of Mr. Bartholomew's 
services, and were enthusiastic in praise of the 
little reporting machine. 
— Persons considering the advisability of stud- 
ying shorthand with instruction through the 
mail,would do well to send to Prof. W.D. Bridge, 
Plainfield, N. J., asking for a large four-page 
illustrated circular of the Chautauqua Univer- 
sity School 0/ Phonography. This school has 
had correspondence pupils in eleven States the 
past year, and its prospects are uncommonly 
brilliant. A two cent stamp should accompany 

— One of the greatest novelties in the type- 
writing machine line is the new and decidedly 
unique one soon to be placed on the market, 
invented by Mr.— Cash, of Hartford. The 
paper lies on a moving carriage, which can be 
moved backward and forward, to the right and 
the left. The type-b^r is pivoted, and falls on 
the page instead of rising to strike it. Several 
ingenious characteristics make it worthy of at- 

— Simplified Phonography is the title given 
to the latest phase of shorthand published by 
Charles C. Beale in Stenography. I.Pitman'8 
inversion of the vowel scale many ye: 
was nothing compared with this inver 
verted, perverted scale, like to nothing beforeJ 
known in heaven, earth or hades. Vowels 
diphthongs are miscellaneously confused InJ 
representation. We see in the present dev' 
opment no item of improvement on forma 

— The editor of this department desire 
congratulate the editor of the department ofl 
Business and Penmanship in the Gazi 
his inauguration of a "Business College" Inj 
the city of Syracuse, N. Y. Prof. Wells i 
known by all Chautauquans as a most capable 
honest and active worker in his chosen 
and he cannot fail to gather to his new "Busi-l 
ness College" large local interests, and als^ 
large accessions from all portions of the c 
try of young men and women who desirt 
most competent instruction in business n 
ods, penmanship, and all cognale branche 


I I am delighted with the "L" a 
hook system, as explained in the last lesssonj 
Is there any more to be said concerning thes^ 
hooks? Yes. In the "Graham" syi 
shorthand, if you enlarge a small "R" hookj 
you add an "L" sound, and if you enlarge . 
small "L" hook you add an "R" sound, thu 
play, player, blow, blower, idle, idler, higglK 
higgler, couple, coupler, bottle, bottler, feebl^ 
feebler, travel, traveller, flow, floor, tray, trailj 
diaw, drawl, prow, prowl, dry, drill, fray, fraUjI 
brow, broil. (See Plate i. Section i.) 

2. This principle as you have sliO' 

hardly conceive of anyJ 
;ensibie. Have 

most beautiful. ] 
thing more legibl 
hausted all 
hooks,* Now quite. 

the "L" and "R'^ 

is very desirable, 
R" hook on a strokd 
when there does come a clear and disHncq 
vowel sound between the consonants repre 
sented by the stroke and the hook, as in 
words as coiu'se, portray, bark, quality, 
Our instruction here is very simple: I, If th^ 
vowel to be expressed between the 
represented by tlie stroke and the beginning 
hook be a dot long vowel, (E. A. AH,)chang 
the dot into a small circle, and place tha 
before the group-sign in its proper positi( 
first, second, or third; 2. If it be a dot sho 
vowel, change that vowel into a small drcU 
and place it (I. E. A,) after the groupsign, 
its proper position, first, second, or third; 
If the vowel sound is that of a dash-vow 
(AW, O, 00 ; O, U. OO.J strike the dash 
through the group-sign in its proper position, 
beginning middle, or end. (See Plate i.. Sec- 
tion 3.) Feel, fill, fall, fell, germ, firm, term, 
appear, dark, charm, charles shirk, foal, fall, 
fool, from, mortgage, dormouse, corpuscle, col- 
lect, correct, curb, recourse, church, journey, 
occurs, curfew, person. 3. Diphthongs, and 

the V 






in accordance with the preceding rules for the 
simple vowels, thus; (See Plate i. Section 3.) 
quaiify", quality, endure, procure, abjure, re- 

If uny reader of the Gazette wishes to 
know it" he is correct in his studies of this les- 
son, and of the readiHg exercise following the 
instruction, write the phonographic words with 
vour translation on alternate lines, and send to 
Prof. W. D. Bridge, Plainfield. N. J., with two 
ten cent stamps, and a correct reply will be 

Now Begrio ]n Earnest. 

Many young and middle-aged people have 
been purposing when the "Convenient Season' 
should come, to take up shorthand and go at 
it with a will. Begin now. Cooler days and 
nights invite to renewed diligence in study, 
and probably no one single branch of study 
will pay so richly hi all lines as the mastery 
of Phonography. You ran learn shorthand at 
home jusf as well as at a school for that pur- 
pose. We speak the sober sense when we say 
this Instruction by Correspondence by a com- 
petent teacher will produce as excellent result 
as face to face instruction. We have taught 
both ways for twenty-five years and do not 
speak unadvisedly in this matter. Begin now. 

Phonographic Nomenclatnre. 

The word Momeiidature may be an unusual 
one to many of our readers, but it is used to 
indicate a system of technical names or term; 
for example the chemist will write Nael for 
Chloride of Sodium, meaning Common Salt, 
and the Graham phonographer will write 
Prlf for the word /f-zy^c/. 

Now it can be clearly seen that any system 
of word naming, or syllable naming, or phrase 
naming, ought to be founded on simple and 
suggestive principles. We have examined the 
nomenclatures of several publishers of short- 
hand books, and many of them are utterly in- 
congruous. Mr. Graham thirty years ago 
most scrupulously devised a harmonious and 
natural system by which every conceivable 
form written in shorthand can be clearly, 
legibly expressed in type words, and as readily 
understood by the skilled student as would be 
the outlined character itself. 

In our own teaching we are accustomed to 
enforce the use of nomenclature, or shorthand 
terminology— what has been termed byphono- 
graphers, our "Sacred Sanskirt." We once 
rode with a pupil for a large portion of an 
afternoon, and our entire and rapid conversa- 
tion for the whole time was carried on by 
means of Graham's nomenclature. We talked 
about the carriage and pony, the dusty road 
and the scenery, the campground by which we 
passed, the family and domestic topics, short- 
hand and scientific subjects, and not once did 
we put the pen or pencil to paper, but used the 
clear and picturesque principles by which the 
shorthand forms which we created in our 
minds were expressed in spoken letters and 
punctuation ' marks, such as the compositor 
might use. We advise all to try this experi- 
ment — even for a certain form of private, 
secret conversation when occasion might re- 

Sc, from the Takigraphic Shorthand Institute, 
Gloucester, England. This magazine has 
three illustrations; has excellently engra%-ed 
shorthand in the student's style, the learner's 
style, etc., the whole being printed on good 
paper, and inclosed with a neat illuminated 
border. Welcome, Brother Harris, to a large 
field. Do all the good you can with a co»- 
lucted-voiwl system in England. 

The Amannengis. 

The amanuesis, private secretary, or personal 
stenographer, should be possessed of a great 
variety of qualifications. 

He should be ^'homst as the hills." so trust- 
worthy that his employer should never doubt 
his integrity. 

He should be Tf/Z/ttf^ ando*/i^(H^, that his 
perfect readiness to go beyond the mere line of 
routine, or obligation, should be recognized. 
Many a time an unaccustomed pressure of 
care, through accumulation of correspondence 
or otherwise, should evoke a genial readiness 
in the stenographer to step beyond the "letter 
of the contract." 

He should be paiimt. Sometimes the mat- 
ters concerning which dictations are given are 
of such an exciting or exasperating character 
as to make the chief's blood boil, brain to burn 
tongue to fly, nerves to jump, and then the 
utmost coolness should be shown by the secre- 
tary. If he burns, there's a great lire indeed. 
Calmness is demanded to do shorthand note- 
taking, which shall be absolutely legible under 


Taklgraphy in England. 

Our old correspondent, D. P. Lindsley, Esq. 
of Philadelphia, makes a most ungracious at- 
tack on us in the CostnofoUlan Shorthander, 
charging us with writing what we never wrote] 
and with having feelings towards him and 
takigraphy which we never held. If he will 
show one single line which we ever wrote in 
any bitter spirit concerniug him or his system 
of shorthand, made evident on (he surface of 
the article itself, we will make what will be 
satisfactory amends to Mr. Lindsley. Will he 
please bring proofs of his charges? 

AH this is preliminary to what we would sav 
concerning a beautiful little sheet which pio- 
neers the way for "takigraphy" in England. 
Some lime since a phonographer became im- 
pressed with the desirability of introducing a 
tmnetted-vtni'el system of shorthand in Eng- 
'and, and became a diligent student, pracii- 
'ioner, and now publisher of this to him new- 
There lies before us the first number (Sep- 
lember) of the Studmt's Shorthand Journal, to 
''f issued bi-monthly, by George Harris, F. S. 

He should be fysletnalir. Orttimes when a 
great mass of letters, contracts, memoranda 
editorials, quotations, appointments etc. etc. 
are crowded on the amanuensis, he is compelled 
to exercise a most wise discretion concerning 
the definite order in which some of these dicta- 
tions shall be written out, and shall consider 
when taking his notes whether they should be 
immediately reproduced. In such a case 
the shorthand for "at once" should be written 
in the margin. 

He should be accurate. When the letter 
says, "Please find inclosed ," the amanuen- 
sis should be sure to prepare the needed en- 
velope at very first opportunity, and then and 
there inclose the specified letter, slip, document, 
check, bill, or what not. It is aggravating to 
receive a "please find inclosed" with no inclos- 
ure, getting it somewhat later or not getting it 
at all. Accuracy should of course fully charac- 
terize the note-taking. If the dictator says I send 
you so and so, the note should not be so care- 
lessly written as to lead the note taker to read 
"I jcm/," and so fail to ask the employer for the 

He should be a keeper of secrets. No em- 
ployer but dictates letters which he would 
not willingly make public, even to a very 
limited audience. His stenographer and the 
party addressed should alone carry the secrets 
whether expressly so characterized or not. 
Family matters, business prospects, plans in 
embryo, opportunities looked for, these are 
often of a semi-confidential nature, and should 
be treated as such. 

He should be a gentleman in the best sense 
of that word. His employer will often confide 
to his care delicate duties and privileges which 
he should be able to perform with suave man- 
ners, and the culture of genial, gentle, refined 
taste and purpose, No clown or boor is fit to 
hold the position of private secretary to any 
gentleman. Therefore a courteous spirit and 
bearing are of the highest value in such an 


mportant feature of this conven- 
tion (which was not in esse, only i« fosse, and 
there was not enough present for a fosse comi- 
/rt/i*,*,) was the significant absence of the offi- 
cers. This gave a painful suspicion that this 
death was "foreknown" If not "predestinated." 
If we are not mistaken sixty-three paid-up 
members were on the rolls when the Interna- 
tional "gave up the ghost." This association 
has been doing a good work and deserved to 
live. Jealousy of amanuenses and phono- 
graphic teachers on the part of the regular 
stenographers was a cause, if not the cause, of 
this sad taking off. 

And It Died. 

Our readers have been informed from time 
to lime of the existence and work of the Inter- 
national Stenographers' Association, and of its 
proposed annual meeting at Lake George, N. 
Y., in August last. So it was to be. but alas, 

At the close of the New York State Steno- 
graphers' Association at Lake George, which 
was at least of its usual brilliancy, there was to 
have been a further meeting of the distin- 
guished representatives of the craft from the 
East, West, North and South, but only a hand- 
ful of thirteen put in an appearance, and as a 
quorum lor business purposes requires twenty, 
we believe, the International failed to "cometo 
order.'* The noble thirteen present sal in 
solemn silence, except when discussing how 
respectfully to bury the corpse. 


The following sparkling words were taken 
from a lecture delivered by Edgar A. Poe. 
They are as full of delicate beauty as a new- 

"The poet recognizes the ambrosia which 
nourishes his soul in the bright orbs that 
shine in heaven, in the volutes of the flower, 
in the clustering of low shrubberies, in the 
waving of green fields, !n the slanting of tall 
eastern trees, in the blue distance of moun- 
tains, in the grouping of clouds, in the twink- 
ling of half hidden brooks, in the gleaming of 
silver rivers, in the repose of sequestered lakes, 
in the star-mirroHng depths of lonely wells 
He perceives it in Iht songs of birds, in the 
harp of .^olus, in the sighing of the night 
wind, in the repining of the forest, in the 
surf that complains to the shore, in the fresh 
breath of the woods, in the scent of the violet, 
in the voluptuous perfume of Ihe hyacinth, in 
the suggestive odor that comes to him at 
eventide, from far-distant, undiscovered 
islands, over dim oceans, illimitable and un- 
explored. He owns it in all noble thoughts, 
in all unworldly motives, in all holy impulses, 
in all chivalrous, generous and self sacrificing 
deeds. He feels it in the beauty of woman — 
in the grace of lier step, in the luster of her 
eye, in the melody of her voice, in her soft 
laughter, in her sigh, in the harmony of the 
rustling of her robes. He deeply feels it in 
her winning endearments, in her burning en- 
thusiasms, in her gentle charities, in her meek 
and devotional endurances; but above all, ah, 
far above all, he kneels to it, he worships it in 
the faith, in the purity, in the strength, in the 
altogether divine majesty of her love." 


The following beautifid lines were written 
by George D. Prentice, whobe pen seemed 
ever armed with animated truth: 

"There is a time when the pulse lies low in 
the bosom and beats low in the veins; when 
the spirit sleeps the sleep which apparently 
knows no waking; sleeps in its home of clay, 
and the windows are shut; the doors hung 
with the invisible crape of melancholy; when 
we wish the golden sunshine pitchy darkness, 
and wish to fancy clouds where no clouds ap- 
pear. This is a case of sickness when physic 
may be thrown to the dogs, for we want none 
of it. What shall raise the spirit.' What 
shall make the heart beat music again, and 
the pulses throb through ail the myriad-throng- 
ed halls in the house of life? What shall 
make the sun kiss the eastern hills again for 
us with his old awakening glances, and the 
night overflow with moonlight, love and flow- 
ers.' Love itself is the greatest stimulant— 
the most Intoxicating of all, and performs all 
of these, and is a miracle still, and is not at the 
drug store, whatever they say. The counter- 
feit is in [hcTnarket. but the winged god is not 
a money-changer we assure you. 

" Men have had many things, but still they 
ask stimulant. 

" Men try to bury the floating dead of their 
own souls in the wine cup, but the corpse rises. 
We see their faces in the bubbles. The intox- 
ication of drink sets the world whirling again, 
and Ihe pulses to playing music, and the 
thoughts galloping, but the clock runs down 
sooner, and an unnatural stimulant leaves the 
house it filled with the wildest revelry more 
silent, more sad. more deserted. 

" There is only one stimulant that never in- 
toxicates — duty. Duty puts a clear sky over 
every man Into which the sky-lark happiness 
always goes singing." 



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Director of the Cfitiutaugua School of Easiness. 
[Copyrighted by Chns. R. Wells. All rights rcserred.J 

In altempting to give a series of lessons in bookkeeping for beginners, in a. publication of 
this kind, tlie scope as well as llie arrangement of topics was necessarily limited. How to 
present llie subject so ae to maintain an interest, and at the same time give rudimental instruc- 
tion wliich could be understood and applied, appeared to be a rather difficult problem. It was 
thought best, however, to take up one topic at a time, and by devoting the space allowed to a 
series of simple lessons which would exemplify the principles of double entry, endeavor to 
make the student familiar with those fundamental principles of debit and credit which underlie 
the science of accounting. 

But in the present number we shall interrupt this order, and give some attention to the 
subject of forms or vouchers as commonly used in business transactions. 

In their relation to commercial operations these vouchers become important factors, enter- 
ing into nearly every transaction, and usually furnishing the data from which the bookkeeper 
is expected to make up his records. It is well, therefore, that the beginner should know some- 
thing of their nature, origin, and use, tliat he may determine more readily their effect upon the 

nts in his ledgci 

Boston, July i, 1886. 

Bought of John S. Ha 

I }i bbU. Stand. 


Mackertl, i 

II 3037 I 

The invoice is a memorandum giving date of purchase, number, kind, and cost of items, 
and usually the terms of sale. When no time for payment is specified, it is supposed to be "on 
account," that is, giving the customary lime of credit. If receipted, it becomes a voucher for 
the amount paid. 

Billings, Swan & Co., 

I I Mdse. 
8 Mdse. 
16 Mdse. 

The statement does not g 
If payments have been 11 
It becomes a voucher if 1 


Received, Baltinr 
and Fif^y Dollars or 

he items, but the amount of purchases at different dates, 
the date and amount of each may be indicated. 

;ipt, as a voucher for the payii 

An order may be for mdse. or cash, and is held as a voucher by the party on whom it i 
\\n. If for mdse. the party filling it would usually take a receipt from the person presenl 
it, and &<.'nd a bill for the goods to the one who gave iU 

Utica, N. Y., Aug. 16, 

No. 640. 

. K. Lapiiam. 

A check is an order on the bank, and may be made payable to "order," as above, or to 
bearer. In the former case the person presenting it must indorse, or write his name on the 
back, and it becomes a voucher or receipt to the person giving it, and is also a voucher to the 

Checks arc considered as cash items, and when received should be entered to the Dr. side 
of that account. 

If a ledger account is kept with the bank, the person giving the check should credit the 
bank, but if the money in bank is counted as cash on hand, the cash account should be given 

$3823.48. Syracuse, N. Y., June 15, iS36. 

TTen days afler date I promise to pay to the order of Simpson & Miller, 
Three thousand eight hundred and twenty-three and ,*„»(, dollars, value received, 
at the Merchants' Bank. 

Due 6, 28, '86. A. Beginner. 

In the above note A. B. is the " maker," and S. & M. the firn: 

A. B. would charge it to S. & M , and credit bills payable ac 
ceiving it would charge bills receivable account, and credit A, B. 

Before collecting it at the Merchants Bank, S. & M. would have 
is payable to their order, and it would become a voucher for the pay 
A. B. The bank would also hold it as a voucher against A. B., the si 

kvhose " favor " it is 

t, while S. & M. on re- 

) indorse the note, as it 
lent of that amount by 
ne as if he had given a 

lived, at the Bank of G 

the order of A. Beginner, Two 
;dson & Crane. 

It is not always necessary to make a note payable at the bank, or other specified place^ 
lOugh that is the usual form In giving commercial paper. The party named in the Ijody of 
lote is called the first indorscr, and should another person put his name on the back as ad 

■ing it discounted at the bank, he would be called 

maturity, the bank or other holder is required 
and to notify each party of this fact, in order 

ditional security, as may be the c 
the second indorser. 

In case a note is not paid by the makers 
by law to go through the legal form of prole 
to fix the liability of the indorsers. 

Upon receiving the above note, A. B. would credit H. & C. and charge billi 
account. H. Si C. on giving the note would charge A. B. and ccedlt bills payabl 

$1500. Buffalo, N. Y., Aug. 30, 18S6. 

Two months after date, for value received, we, or either of us, promise to 
pay to the order of George Andrews, Filleen hundred dollars, with interest, 
Samuel Martin, 
James P. Kno.x. 


, 23, 'S6. 

A note does not draw interest unless so specified, until after maturity, when it bears legal 
interest until paid. 

As a note is a simple contract, the words value received express the consideration for 
which it is given. 

The three notes given above are negotiable, that is, they may be transferred by indorse- 
ment and collected by a third person. This would also be true of a note made payable to some 
person " or bearer," in which case it would be negotiable without indorsement. 

One day after date I pron- 
value received, with intere 

MiRA, N. Y., Aug. 23, 1886. 
Allen Five hundred dollars, 
H. L. Wilson, 

\s this note does not contain the conditions which would render it transferable to a third 
, it must remain the property of George Allen until paid. It will draw interest from the 
of August, but only at the rate specified. 

$4500. New York, July 12, iS86. 

At fifteen days' sight pay to the order of ourselves. Four thousand five hun- 
dred dollars, value received, and charge the same to our account. 

To A. Beginner, Gordon & Wii 

Syracuse, N. Y. 

: the dr: 

nd A. Beginner the dri 

In the above draft Gordon & Williai 
& W. are also the payees. 

Gordon & Williams would indorse the draft and place it in their bank for collection. The 
bank would forward it to another bank in Syracuse, by whom it would be presented to A. B. 
for acceptance. In doing this A. B. would write across the face in red ink, "Accepted July 14, 
18S6, payable at Merchants' Bank, A. Beginner." By this acceptance he agrees to pay the 
amount named, according to the terms expressed in the body of the draft. 

Allowing for the three days of grace the draft becomes due Aug. i, dating from the s 
ceptance, at which time it is presented to the Merchants' Bank for payment. 

When A. B, accepts the draft he charges Gordon & Williams and credits bills payable, 1 
and when notified that the Merchants' Ban'k has paid it, he charges bills payable and credits I 
the bank. Accepting (agreeing to pay) a time draft is the same in effect as giving a not- 

$3916.72. Syracuse, N. Y., Aug. 16, 1886. 

Thirty days after date pay to the order of Simpson & Miller, Three thou- 
sand nine hundred sixteen, and ^^^ dollars, value received, and charge to my ac- 

A. Beginner. 

A, B, is the drawer, O. & J. the drawees, and S. & M. the payees. 

Suppose A. B. wishes to send the draft to S. & M. as a payment o 
would be (according to the plan we have been following) as follows: Charge Bills Rec. and 
credit O. & J., then charge S. & M. and credit bills receivable. 

We term it bills receivable, although it does not become so to O. & J. until they have ac- 
cepted it. The draft would be considered "in favor'' of S. & M., because it is made payable 
to their order. On receiving the draft S. & M. would credit A. B. and charge bills receivable. 
When O. & J. came to accept it, they would charge A. B. and credit bills payable. 

As this drafts drawn thirty days after date, it would become due and payable Sept. 
without reference to the date of acceptance by O. Hi J, 


At sight pay to the order of H 
,ue received, "and charge to 
To A. Beginner, 

Syracuse, N, Y. 

I, Aug. 5, 1886, 
cashier, One thousand dollars. 

In this transaction P. K. & S. make the draft to the order of the cashier of the bank where ] 
they do business, and deposit it as a casli item. It would be transmitted to some bank in Sy- 
racuse, and by it presented to A. B. for payment. If he wishes to honor the draft, he writes J 
across the face, "Accepted, payable at Merchants' Bank." He would charge P. K. & S. 
credit the Merchants Bank. 

On making the draft P. K. Si S. would credit A. B. and charge the bank for it as a deposit 

Re-EdncattufT the Brain. 

Forgetfulness is a blessing. Without it 
every occurrence of a person's past life would 
be present with him day by day. One reason 
why sleep is a mental restorative is that it 
steeps the senses in forgetfulness. 

But as blessings may become curses through 
excess, so a total loss of memory would leave 
us in the mental condition of infants. Oblivion 
of the past means the erasure of education and 
of the mental habits and possessions which it 
has brought. An educated man who loses his 
memory requires to be re-educated. 

A lady of twenty-four years of age entirely 
lost her memory through an illness which put 
her into a state of torpor. She could not rec- 
ollect even her husband, or the common words 
of daily speech. She could neither read, nor 

She began learning these things, as if she 
were a child, but, unconsciously to herself, 
her previous knowledge seemed to make their 
acquisition easy. In a few months she re- 

covered her lost knowledge with accuracy, j 
A student at one of uur colleges was attacked J 
by a fever, which so affected his brain that he| 
lost wholly his knowledge of the studie 
which he had been trained for years. He 
ignorant of Latin, knowing nothing of the I 
grammar, and being unable to read the simplest! 
Latin sentence. 

As soon as he regained his physical health, 
he faced the fact that he must re-educaK 
brain by beginning at the rudiments. He took | 
up a Latin grammar , everything in it was 
to him, and he experienced a mental difficulty 
in fixing his attention so as to recall the lesson 
of the hour. 

One day, while learning to construe, he was 
making a strong efTort to recall something in 
the lesson, when suddenly all the old knowl- 
edge of Latin reappeared to his mind. He 
took up a Latin classic, and found that he 
could read it, as he used to do before his sick- 
ness,— £x. 



^h« g^amilg ^itcU, 

:. F. H., Camfi CloverJnlt. A. T. Yes; )-our ■ 

E. R. v., Cuyahoga Falls. Your Jinprovcincnt is 
v«ry (food indeed. The Gazkttk is you have 
found the Compendium of such ereat service. You 

L. n. W., Ilunft Corners, N. Y. For a boy of i^ 

but yoii should get more movement by practicing the 

lo hear from more ol the boys who are practicing from 

A. S., Irving, Kan, The best thing you can do is to 
follow Prof. Bridge's lessons closely lor six monllis or 

boy who does that work is yet an infant in penmanship, 
on the wrapper, however, looks as though he had writ- 

D. L. v., Spokane FaUs, W. T. Your movement lacks 
;gularity. You should write simple words until your 
.ovcmenl becomes strong and positive. Take, for in- 
Inncc, the word "mine,"' and write it fifty or sixty 
mcs, slrivin? togct frccdoi 

Pleased t< 

from numbness of the right arm and hand, brought on 
Jacob's Oil, and as a preventive take la numbers of the 


of the C 

the desk. Don't write loo faat at first. Drill on one 
Don't despair. Learn one thing well and others will be 

;cnlly on Home simple word 

Reuiarkable Natural Curiosities. 

Phoenix, the graphic correspondent of the Cin- 
cinnati Commercial Gazette, thus refers to the 
petrified forests which are situated near the 
headwaters of the Little Colorado in Arizon*. 
and extend over an area of several miles in ex- 
tent: The trees are fcllicified conifera of gigan. 
tic size. One has been discovered that meas- 
ured more than twenty feet at the base, and at 
a break lOO feet from the base it was ten feet 
in diameter. Limbs and branches petrified lo 
solid rock are scattered in every direction; the 
texture and form of the dead trees are plainly 
discernable, resembling much the immense 
redwoods of California. Many fossils of ani, 
mals of species now extinct are found scattered 
about amongst these rocky trimks, solidified 
to pure magnesian limestone. The heart of 
KOme of these fallen monarchs of the forest is a 
mass of sparkling crystals, while others show 
sections of the purest quartz. A highly pol- 
ished section of one of these trees formed the 
top ol a handsomely mounted table, which was 
a conspicuous object in Arizona's exhibit at 
the New Orleans Exposition. The table 
brought a high price (rom a New York banker. 
The petrified forest belongs lo the carbonifer- 
ous period, and is evidently a portion of the 
vast extent of wooded land which once existed 
in this treeless waste, and which now forms the 
great coal measures which underlie its surface. 
The plateau of Central Arizona contains 

another remarkable curiosity of this rem; 
ble country, the natural bridge of the Tonto 
basin. The crown of the bridge at its st 
ern spring is 168 feet, the span 80 feet ; its total 
width is about 150 yards. Eight feet from its 
soulhern edge, exactly in thecenter of thearch^ 
is a natural hole cut into the interior, through 
which one looks down a perpendicular deptli 
of 16S feet into the bed of Pine creek. But Ic 
obtain a true idea of the grandeur of this arcl> 
it should be viewed from beneath. The gigan. 
tic limestone walls spring in perfect curves tc 
the perfect arch above, and the fluted columns 
meeting In the semi-obscurity far aloft, remind 
the beholder of some vast cathedral. The 
stream that winds amongst the huge boulder 
which strew the creek, lies here and there ii 
dark fathomless pools. The sides of the bridg< 
are pierced by grottoes whose windings lead 
one into the bowels of the mountain. Many 
of these have been explored, many more 
never been trodden by the white man's 
though from arrow heads, pottery, and scraps 
of fibrous matting, mingled with bones and bits 
ofcharied wood, we fancy the Apache knows 
of these retreats. 

Errors In Cyclopedias. 

Cyclopedias (and by this term we intend 
embrace the whole range of biographical 
and cyclopedic literature), like dictionaries, 
are supposed to be correct. They are usually 
regarded as authorities. They are necessities 
in the editorial room, the college, and the 
workshop. They are produced in c< 
of law, and cited with as much force 
as the dates in an almanac, but a few speciment 
will show that they fail in accuracy very fre 

In Ihe account of Juan Alvarez, the cele 
brated Mexican general who deprived Sant; 
Anna of power in 1885, the cyclopedias gener 
ally agree that he was born in 1790; but when 
they come to his death, which was a compara. 
tively recent event, the People's Cyclopedia 
says it occurred in 1863; Lippincott puts it 
very distinctly Sept. 28, 1864; the American 
says he died in 1867; Drake fixes the date in 
1870. The disparities spread over seven years. 

The American Book Exchange of New 
York publishes a reprint of Chambers' Cyclo- 
pedia, and speaking of the eminent Frenchman, 
Simon Bernard, wbo fought with the First 
Napoleon, had a leg shattered at Leipsic, came 
to America with Lafayette, planned our own 
Fortress Monroe, the Delaware Breakwater, 
the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, etc., under 
commission from the United Slates govern- 
ment, gives the taint of cowardice to the hero 
by saying: "After the French revolution of 
830 he returned to France." It should be: 
" Upon the breaking out of the revolution oj iSjo 
ilurned to France." This is the fact, and 
he rendered a learned soldier's service to the 
king, for which he was rewarded by being 
made Minister of War. Drake says he died in 
1S36. I-ippincott, Johnson, the American and 
Chambers' Reprint says 1839. 

Drake says that Sir William Berkeley was 
appointed colonial governor of Virginia in 
1641, and was the ruler of the commonwealth 
when the Cromwellian fleet appeared, in 1751 
to enforce his obedience to the new parliament. 
There is an error here of just one hundred years. 
It ought lo be 1651. 

The Dictionary of National Biography says 
John Bernard, the celebrated actor, died in 
1828; Drake says 18J9; Lippincott savs 1830 

The Dictionary of National Biography says 
Wm. B. Bernard, the author of "Rip Van 
Winkle" and scores of other jopular plays, was 
born in 1807; the American puts the date 180S. 

It is to be supposed that works designed to 
be authoritative would demand exactness In 
dealing with either dead men or living, but we 
crave permission to cite a strange error con- 
cerning a living man. Drake says that the 
Rev. Wm. R. Alger was born Dec. 30, 1822; 
Johnson with similar exactness says Dec. Ii, 
5^3; Lippincott merely puts down the year 
S23.— £x. 

Pbouograpbic Union. 

At Chautauqua the past summer there were 
gathered many phonographers from all parts 
of the country. Social and conversational 
meetings were held on four Saturday after- 
noons, which were of a most interesting and 
practical character. Several shorthand systems 

were represented, and all were without the 
least restraint free to express their vie* 
the various topics discussed. 

Our limited space will not allow us to do 
more than give a few of the matters coming 
under consideration: Phonographers' Associ- 
otion in cities and towns; average speed re- 
quired of amanuenses; best method of fimil- 
iarizing word signs; easiest method of enlarg- 
ing one's vocabulary — technical forms, etc.; 
price of miscellaneous reporting worl 
various parts of the land; machine reporting, 
past and prospective; personal experiences of 
several active reporters and many amanui 
in the East and West; desirability of imil 
the English and Germans in their making 
shorthand an art-social as well as an art-fii 
cial ; mutual helpfulness and mutual sympathy 
among differing system-writers, etc. 

A general desire was expressed to make 
these Phonographer's Reunions at Chautau 
qua, hereafter a more pronounced feature of 
the annual gatherings. W. D. BtiiDi 

Too Moch. 

Our editor stutters badly and cannot endui 
bores. The other day an elderly gentlema 
whose visits were not at all infrequent, can 
in with a sigh. He put down his hat and, 
without "invite," drew close up to the editorial 
chair wilh an open map. Said he, as he pointed 
to a lot ot spider marks on the paper, "Oh, 
that was a famous battle; the 
thrill me. How plainly I see i 
green fields and dusty, serpentine roads. Hert 
where my finger rests is where the enemj 
charged, but we drove them back again. Righi 
here our colonel fell, pierced by, I might say, 
a million bullets; and here under thi: 
received a ball that made me lose all sensation 
for several hours." 

"G-G-General," said the editor, his face 
impassive as a wall, "w-w-won't you show the 
b-b-boys, please, where your b-b-brains 
blown out.?" 

We grieve to say the g-g-general has stopped 
his paper, but that is his loss, ni 

Is There Water on the Moon? 

In a recent communication, Mr, Helmuth 
Dueberg presents a new theory of the n- 
and argues the possibility of its being inhabited 
on the farther side. It is well known that the 
moon always presents the same face to the 
earth. Because this side of the moon is an 
airless and waterless desert, we are not justified 
Mr. Dueberg thinks, in assuming that the 
other side is like It. Since the moon does noi 
revolve so as to change the side presented Ic 
the earth, and since the attraction of the earll: 
for the moon Is very great, the heavier side, if 
there is any, must be turned this way. Sup- 
posing the moon to possess air and water, these 
lighter and more fluent elements of her com- 
position would of necessity lie at the farther side 
In the absence of any centrifugal force due to 
rotation on her own axis, the only centrifugal 
force acting upon the moon must be that result- 
ing from the moon's motion round the earlh. 
This would tend still more to throw the moon's 
air and water to the "ouf'-side with respect to 
the earlh. For a practical illustration of this 
view, Mr, Dueberg suggests a ball swinging 
in a circle by means of a cord. The ball, like 
Ihe moon, will always turn the same side to 
the center of evolution; and if it be in anv 
liquid, the liquid will be rapidly accumulated 
the opposite or outer side. Hence, the pos- 
sibility of water, air, and life on Ihe moon, 
nd the shores of a central lunar sea, on the 
always turned away from us.-fx. 

Balloon Fhotog^rftphy. 

M. M. Tissandier and M. Nadar, the well- 

lown Parisian photographer, made a balloon 

sen! from Auteuil on July 2, 1886, at i :2o I-. 

, and subsequently descended at Segrie 

(Sarthe) about 7:10 p. m., after a journey of 180 

kilometers. The altitude reached was not over 

> meters, and during the voyage M. Nadar 

took not less than thirty photographs of the 

istantaneous kind. Of these there were about 

dozen, which are said to be by far the finest 

specimens ever obtained from a balloon. They 

comprise two views of Versailles, showing in 

plan the palace and one part of the gardens 

from a height of ,800 meters. Another is a 

of Sevres above the porcelain factory 

from a height of 600 meters. A third gives a 
view of a quarter of the town of Bellcine (Orne) 
from a height of <^oo meters; and others give 
views of the little town of St. Remy (Sanhe) 
and its environs. The height in some of the 
latter cases was i,;oo meters. The time ol 
exposure for the gelatino-bromide plates was 
1-250 second. The photographs have been 
enlarged by M. Nadar wilh a new kind ol 
Eastman paper, and the fineness of the* detail 
shown is remarkable. — Scien/ific American. 

Magnetic Clock. ' 

A curious application of the magnet is de- 
scribed in a French journal, the subject of it 
being a clock recently patented in France. In 
appearance the clock consists ola tambourine, 
on the parchment head of which is painted a 
circle of flowers, corresponding to the hour 
signs of ordinary dials. On examination, two 
bees, one large and the other small, are dis- 
covered crawling among the flowers. The 
small bee runs rapidly from one to the other, 
completing the circle in an hour; while the 
large one takes twelve hours to finish the cir- 
cuit. The parchment membrane is unbroken, 
and the bees are simply laid upon it; but two 
magnets, connected with the clockwork inside 
the tambourine, move just under the mem- 
brane, and the insects, which are of iron, fol- 
low them.— .Ex. 

Slick n Pin Here. 

One of the most complete and valuable pen- 
man's works ever published i.s "Gaskell's Pen. 
man's Hand Book," advertised on page 7. It 
treats comprehensively of all branches of the 
penman's art, and its pages are enriched with 
hundreds of beautiful plates, compribing every 
style of lettering and ornamenlal pen work. 
For the young writer, the "Hand Book'' is an 
exhaustless storehouse of instruction from the 
best masters, such as cannot be obtained else- 
where at any price. It has received the 
warmest praise from our most noted profes- 
jonals, and is offered to the writing public as 
the most complete and useful work of its kind 
that has ever come from a press. The price 
of the "Hand Book" is $5, and it is a marvel 
of cheapness at that figure. We are now mak- 
ing this extraordinary concession, good only 
during July and August; 

Any person sending us a club of six sub- 
scribers at one dollar each, for the Gazetth 
and "Guide," or Gazette and 'How to Write 
for the Press," will receive a copy of this 
•uperb work free. 

Every reader of the Gazette should go lo 
work at once to get up a club of six, which will 
cost little time or trouble, and bring a prize 
that will be of the greatest service and pleasure 
to him and his friends. 

Are Ton Goln^ to New Orleans or Flor- 
Ida I 

If so, you can go via the Monon' Route viii 
Louisville or Cincinnati, and see the Mammoth 
Cave, Nashville, Blount Springs, Birming' 
ham, Montgomery, Mobile, and the Gull 
coast for the same money that will take you 
through the di-cary, uninhabited Mississippi 
swamps; we are confident you cannot select a 
line to the South enjoying half the advantages 
that are possessed by the MoNON Route and 
Its Southern connections. 

houtd think of going South without 
visiting the Mammoth Cave, the great natural 
wonder of this continent So much has been 
written of this world-famous wonder, that it Is 
impossible to say anything new in regard to it 
—It cannot be described; its caverns must be 
explored, Its darkness felt, its beauties seen, to 
be appreciated or realized. It is the greatest 
natural curiosity — Niagara not excepted — and 
he whose expectations are not satisfied by its 

arvelous avenues, domes and starry grottoes 

ust either be a fool or a demigod. From 
Mobile to New Orleans (141 mik-s) the ride 
along the Gulf coast is alone worth the entire 
cost of the whole trip. In full sight of the 
Gulf a/I the way, past 0,ean Springs, Missis- 
ippi City, Pass Christian, Bay St. Louis and 
3L-auvoir, the home of Jeff Davis. 

When you decide to go South make up your 
nind to travel overtheTlnethat passes through 
the best country and gives you the best places 
■This is emphatically the Mon 


ville a 

Nashville, and the Cincinnati Southern Rail- 
, Pullman Palace Sleepers, Palace 
Coaches, double daily trains. The best to Cin- 
' latl, Louisville. "New Orleans or Florida. 
For full information, descriptive books, pamph- 
icts, etc., address E. O. McCormick, Gen'l 
Northern Passenger Agent, Monon Route, 
122 E. Randolph siret-t, Chicago, or Wm. S. 
Baldwin, General Passenger Agent, 183 
Dearborn street, Chicago, 




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The Wise Broadbrims. 

A Great Erent ii QQalerdoi. 

Brother Isaac: (upon meeting Brother Jona- 
than) How does thee do, Brother Jonathan.^ 

Bro. Jon.: (shaking Bro. Isaac warmly by 
the hand) Well, I thank thee, Bro. Isaac. 
Hast thou heard the news.' 

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" ' ) against I waste none of them in reading valuelessbooks; aud valuable booksshould, 

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s satisf actioi 

Angels they s 


life is the highest feat of art. 


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other celebrated works, 
and beautiful, as neat and graceful as it is convenient, easy for the eye, perfect in form for hand-holdmg 
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Books that can ^ b^Id 1q the band and carried to the fireside. 
e the best, after ail.— Sauuel Jobnson. 

" Knowing that I loved my books, he funiistied me. 
From my own library, with volumes that 

th reading. 

wortb bu> ing. No book is I 

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s the volmne I have chosen to rep- 
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cloth, beveled boards, gilt top, price 40 cents ; half Morocco, marbled edges, 05 cents. 

05^FBjT? As the most effective means of advertising these and 


As the most effective means of advertising these and numerous other standard and 

popular works which I publish. I offer, for a short time only, satnple volumes of 

For pK Cents a copy of Emerson's "Nature, EtcJ"* In 

_ Emerson's' 

^ov A_(\ Cents 3- copy of Prescott's "Miscel- 
w;n ^x\j he Qont n ■ ' ~ ■ 

• the two books described, as follows 
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lanieSf" in half Morocco binding, as described, will "^^-^ be sent post-paid. This gives you the op- 
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sent as sjiecified, only, at the reduced price — if wanted otherwise, full price will be charged. 

TLLUSTMATED CATALOGUE, 132 jfOffes, 4 cents; Condensed Catalogue, free. The best literature of the 
world at the lowest prices ever known. Address JOHN B. ALDEN, Publisher, 393 Pearl Street, New York. 

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ir regular premium 

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Walks and Talks in the 

By AlenanderWinchell, LL. D $i oo 

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Sketches from English History, by Prof. A. M. Wheeler i 25 

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VOL. VIII.-No. 9. 

School of Penmansbip 

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theories will be advanced, no whole arm work 
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4,000 Problems. 400 Pages. 

^^■■■This Work was Published SEPTEMBER 1, 1886, 
and in less than THIRTV DAYS was adopted in Nearly 
FIFTY of the Leading; Business Colleges and Schools. 
Principal Hibbard , of the Bryant Sc Stratton Commercial 
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Every Teacher of Business Arithmetic will be Delighted with this 

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Brief and clear ill its definitions and explanations, simple and labor-saving 
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A SPECIAL EDITION i^ published for Business Colleges, entitled THE 
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The mechanical execution of this work is of the highest order; in fact, it is 
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VOL, VIII,-NO, 9. 

Warreu H. Sadler. 

The Gazette feels adegreeof self-gralulation 
upon being permilted to present the accom- 
panying imprint to its readers. Mr, Sadler has 
not only made his imprint on copper and zinc 
photo cuts, but hy his arduous work as a busi- 
ness educator in the broadest sense, has be- 
come deeply graven on the hearts of the com- 
mercial world. He is now in his forty -fifth au- 
tumn, but the boyish twinkle still lights up his 
brown eyes. lie is genial in manner and pos- 
sesses a something about his expression and 
demeanor which always inspires confidence 
and friendship. At the recent session of the 
Business Educator's convention, held in New 
York, lie was elected president for the coming 
session at Milwaukee, where weall hope to see 
•■Bob" in his native gloiy with the same petri- 
fied smiles receding from the base of that self- 
same nasal organ. 

When Mr. Sadler was conducted to the chair 
he made a few fitting remarks in which he 
referred to Mr. Packard's hospitality in the 
following fourlh.of-July style; "How fondly 
you will cherish the remembrance of the visit 
to the tomb of General Grant under the guid- 
ance of Bro. Packard [Packard flinches] you 
will picture him as he rode up and down the 
line with- majestic grace on his mettled steed, 
pointing out the places of interest with that 
expressive index finger and making his guests 
thrill with happiness. [Packard turns ghastly 
pale and looks for a trap-door] If ever we had 
an opportunity to make a general of a business 
educator it was yesterday." At this point 
Packard seemed desperate and gave him a with- 
ering look which brought him from his pinnacle 
of eloquence with an obtuse thud. He saw his 
way through however, and continued, "They 
will tell of our efforts last night to make a gen- 
eral of this great and good man, and how he, 
with tears welling up in his eyes which mir- 
rored the surroundings, declined the honor, 
saying : 'Don't call me General, call me Silas.' '' 
As an eoucator Mr Sadler's greatest achieve- 
ments have been in commercial calculations. 
He has invented more short cuts in business 
computations than almost any man living. 
His textbooks on commercial arithmetic have 
met with real success, having been introduced 
throughout the country in all schools where 
common sense methods were appreciated. 

The patronage of Mr.Sadler's school is largely 
from the city of Baliimore,but he also draws ex- 
tensively from all the Southern, as well as from 
the Northern and Western States. His school 
is always well filled, having an average daily 
attendance of over three hundred pupils. His 
annual commencements are an event in the 
city. The great Academy of Music, in which 
they are held, is always filled to overflowing 
with the best citizens of Baltimore, to whom 
he has commended himself and his enterprise 
in a peculiar way. For the past ten years the 
best lecture courses given in Baltimore have 
been given by Mr. Sadler, under the auspices 
of his college. There are no lecturers so high- 
priced or so high-minded as to escape his toils, 
and he rarely fails of making a hit. To all ol 
these entertainments the students of his college 

He is as simple hearted as a child, not a bit 
cynical, free from petty jealousies, and as true 
as steel. He holds no rancorous stings in his 
breast; and while he is necessarily an earnest 
competitor— arduously reaping what he be- 
lieves to be his own— he never allows business 
contests to enter the social realms, nor derange 
the sacred relations of triendship to his fellow- 
man. Give the world more such men and you 
l^less the race. 

Here are a few of his mottoes of life: 
"A good name will shine forever." 
"He that speaks sows, he that hears reaps." 
"Civility costs nothing and buys everything " 
"Better be atone than in bad company." 
"He is rich whose income is more than his 

"Say little; think much; do more." 

"He who commands confidence commands 

"It i; 

!r too late to learn." 
little and do much." 

Sir: — It is a matter of gratification to the 
nembers of the Business Educators' Associa- 
ion of America that the two leading organs 
n this country of practical education, the 

and co-operation than in the 


> it should not be, that a very 
large number of important workers in our 
specialty were absent; and it is also true that 
their presence and labor would have added 
very much to the interest and substantial 
benefits of the occasion. I fell at the time, and 
still feel Ihat this absence was unfortunate and 
should not have been, but I also feel that there 
was no special obligation laid upon any teacher 
in this country to neglect his own business or 
to go contrary to his own judgment in helping 
to make a success of the New York meeting. 
There has never been a lime in the history of 
the business colleges, and there never will be, 
when the majority of those engaged in the 
business will feel it incumbent upon them to 
join their fellows in a convention. It is not 
necessary to inquire why this is so, nor to 
bewail its being so. The convention is in the 
highest degree a business affair, and those who 

Gazette and the Ar/ Journal^ have seen 
proper to devote so much space to the deli- 
beratlons of that hodv in its recent conven- 
tion in New York ; and not only that space 
has been surrendered, but that so fair and can- 
did — although spicy and in some instances 
sharp— a review was given of the proceedings. 
Some of tne Business College exponents — 
only two of which, however, have come to my 
notice — have spoken somewhat in disparage- 
ment of the results of the convention, and 
have drawn some inferences which seem to 
me unfair. And in so saying I do not fear 
Ihat any one will charge me with undue sensi- 
tiveness; in far as my own interest in the 
convention is concerned, or so far as pertains to 
remarks concerning my part in it, I have no 
feeling whatever, and do not find it at all 
necessary to speak, either in self-defense or 
otherwise. And again, it is possible that my 
own position and responsibility in the matter 
somewhat disqualifies me from an impartial esti- 
mate of the results; so that when I say candid- 
ly, as I feel candidly, that in no previous meet- 
ing of any of the bodies of business educators 
which have flourished more or less during the 
past twenty years, was there more good honest 
work, or a better prevailing spirit of harmony 

attend it, necessarily look at it in a business 

There is no investment of time and money 
which should not be made without an ade- 
quate return, cither in the acquisition of knowl- 
edge, in the cultivation of t'riendly relations, 
or in restful recreation. In my view of it, the 
convention should conserve all these three 
things, and so far as I am concerned it always 
does. We are all such hard worked men 
and women in our ten months ot severe 
application to exacting duties that we have 
little or no lime to cultivate friendly relations 
with each other, or to find out what is being 
done outside of our own household. 

We naturally get into ruts of which we are 
not aware until we are brought face to face 
with difterent practices and ditTerent ideas, and 
I think I give voice to tlie average sentiment 
when I say that the great work that has been 
accomplished so far in all our comings to- 
gether has been in the direction of broadening 
our ideas, giving us a better sense of our 
responsibilities, and putting us in greater 
harmony with our work. For, say what we 
will, or think as we may concerning the dlfTer- 
ences in merit between schools of our kind, we 
cannot avoid the responsibiHty or belittle the 

fact so far as the general public is concerned; 
we stand together as representing a distinct 
idea of education; and it is a very limited view 
of our duty to the community that we should 
be careful only as to the claims and practices 
of our individual schools Any man in our 
business who will acknowledge even to him- 
self, Ihat he doesn't care for the better conduct 
of the to-called business colleges of the coun- 
try, has in my opinion a very narrow view of 
the great work in which he is engaged, and of 
which he can be at the best only a part. 

The time is past in the history of these 
schools when individual success in one direc 
tion is to be measured by individual failure in 
another. It can with great certainty be said 
that the higher the level reached by the united 
eflbrts of the business schools of the country 
as a whole, the better is it for the success, 
financial and otherwise, of every honest individ- 
ual effort. "No man liveth to himself alone;" 
and of no human eflbrt can Ihis be more sure- 
ly said than of the effort in which the practical 
educators of this country are at present en- 
gaged. The New York convention was the 
eighth in the regular order of the conventions 
of the organization started as a Penman's 
Association and culminating in the "Business 
Educators' Association of America." This 
organization had its birth in this city, and the 
impulse given at that first meeting, which was 
in itself a protest against a convention of 
schools, one of working teachers, has been in 
one direction, that of broadening and ennobling 
our work, and of fostering the sentiment of 
mutual feeling and co-operation among all 
grades and classes of workers. The meetings 
have been held during the vacation months, 
because at that time the teachers were sup- 
posed to be generally at liberty. The conven- 
tions during these eight years have covered a 
large area of territory wilhinthe Umils of New 
York on the east and Jacksonville, 111., on the 
west, and it was felt that a return of the asso- 
ciation to the place of its birth, under the 
present conditions of growth would be an 
appropriate and timely event. The special 
advantages in New York for such a meeting 
were alluded to in the invitation, and reiterated 
in the various circulars sent out to the mem- 
bers. It was presumed, as undoubtedly was 
the case, that the most of Ihose who found it 
possible to be present would desire to cover 
in their visit to the metropolis as many points 
of interest, instruction and edification as possi- 
ble, and the Executive Committee who had 
the matter in charge felt it incumbent upon 
them to see that these natural wishes were 
met. While there was no lack of exacting 
work in the programme of the convention 
there was intermingled a just proportion of 
social recreation to oil the machinery and meet 
the reasonable expectations oi ihe members. 
The committee knew, of course, that each 
individual had the privilege of selecting for 
himself his own means of entertainment and 
that this could be done outside of the tnne 
devoted to the convention work, but they felt 
also that an added pleasure might be given by 
uniting, as far as could be done gracefully, our 
forces in recreation as in work. 

So one day was set apart for a trip up the 
Hudson, including a banquet and the ordinary 
accessories proper to such an excursion. A 
visit to two of the popular resorts at the sea- 
side, including a dinner under the auspices of 
one of the city clubs; a carriage excursion to 
the tomb of Grant, and some other minor 
divertisements not necessary to mention, were 
had. It has been hinted, in one at least of our 
college journals, that the great mistake of the, 
"in trying to serve the inter- 


L'sle of Ihe individual members ratlier than Ihe 
welfare of the organization " Until that senti- 
ment was promulgated the committee inno- 
cently supposed that the best way to promote 
the we fare of the organization was to look 
after the best interest of the members, simply 
supposing ihat it was the members that made 
the oisanization. So far as the commiltee are 
concerned they are perfectly willing to stand 
upon ihe record, and when the proceedings of 
the convention shall be made public, as they 
will,be within a few days, all interested persons 
will have the privilege of deciding for them- 
selves as to the comparative outcome of the 
convention. It has been m_v privilege to pro- 
pare these proceedings for the press, and I 
have been profoundly impressed, not only 
with the good spirit manifested by speakers, 
but with ihe good sense and practical value of 
their several contributions. 

There was the utmost freedom of discus- 
sion both permitted and encouraged, and 

there were not a sutTicient number in attend- 
ance at any one time to give the subject 
anything like a fair presentment, and it was 
therefore not called up. I am the more 
astonished at this, because during the past 
year there has been more progress made in 
difierent schools in shorthand and typewrit- 
ing than in any other studies, and there seems 
to be no good reason why the whole question 
of amanuensis work which includes practi- 
cal grammar and a better use of English 
should not have received marked attention. 
On the whole, however, I feel prepared to say 
as the result of a candid estimate of the work 
of the convention that it was wholly satisfac- 
tory, and do not fear but it will be so rated by 
all candid persons. 

Sincerely yours, 

S. S. Packard. 

Command large fields but cultivate small. 

wise and laconic reply: "That e.iucation that 
is used the most." Never was a greater truth 
uttered, and it is a fact that is so plain that he 
that runs may read; hut it is also a lact that 
has never penetrated the understanding of far 
too many professional educators of this coun- 
try. It is true, however, that every successful 
Busine-ss College has somehow imbibed this 
truth and made it Iheir watchword. Business 
education is wh.^t the people need and muj-t 
have everywhere, and what they will always 
use the most. The multiplicaiion of these 
worthy and useful institutions has so utterly 
confounded and mystified their most inveter- 
ate enemies, that we seldom now hear a word 
of complaint against them. 

The common sense of the American people 
which can be relied upon in every emergency, 
came to the rescue of these schools, and gave 
them such a magnificent patronage as was 
never accorded to any institution in the 
world's history. They have shown the whole 

.ill forge a powerful link in hi^ 

Drawing' Apparntns. 

This apparatus consists of a frame provldcil 
with a stationary drawing board, of a movablc 
counter-balanced T square, and of rollers on 
which an endless sheet of drawing paper is 
mounted. Each of the bearings of the upper 
roller is adjustable in a slot, formed in the up- 
per part of each standard, by means of a set 
screw, so that the drawing paper can alwa\s 
be held in stretched position on the board which 
connects the standards. The shafts of the 
rollers are provided with pulleys, over which 
pass endless cords, by pulling which the paper 
may be moved up or down. On the outer 
side of each standaid is a guide rod, on which 
is mounted n slide, lo which the 

and will ever be, that the older membc-rs, 
rather than see the time go to waste, spent a 
good share of it in promulgating their views 
and in trying to bring out the younger mem- 
bers, still I am sure that the ground covered 
and the sentiments evolved will strike any fair 
mind as being in the direct path of progress 
for the work in which we are all interested. 
The subjects receiving the best attention were 
naturally the subjects most taught in our 
schools, namely, penmanship, bookkeeping 
and arithmetic; but beyond these, the matured 
views upon political economy, commercial 
ethics and the management of schools have 
not been excelled in any previous meeting of 
our body. It was a source of great regret, if 
not of humiliation, that one important subject 
which we had hoped would be brought out 
more prominently than in any previous meet- 
ing, namely, that of shorthand, was entirely 

The Executive Committee made a strenuous 
effort to secure a fair attendance of shorthand 
teachers and writers, but for bome reason. 

The well-known aphorism "That nothing 
succeeds like success," was never more vividly 
verified than in the rise and progress of busi- 
ness education in this country. 

It was begun under many discouraging cir- 
cumstances, and onlv for men of indomitable 
courage who were the advance guard of the 
pioneers, could we begin to hope for the grand 
results that have been so gloriously achieved. 
To such men in all worthy undertakings the 
world is and always will be the great debtor. 

Men who have the courage of their convic- 
tions and faith that they are riglit, then death 
or victory, are the kind of men that move the 
world. History is replete with doings of such 
men, America has many such names to en- 
roll on her scroll of honor. One of the 
greatest scholars and orators that this 
country ever produced who was once asked : 
"What education will pay the best," gave this 

world a grand system of Business 
that they can point to with pride and gladness 
in nearly three hundred institutions well 
equipped for the good work. The secret of 
their great success is in t//tii echicalmi for the 
pfoplc iniisl be founded upon common sense, and 
upon -what they need lo prepare them to do 
their business. 

It has also been the aim of these institutions 
who have been the most successful, to adapt 
themselves to the wants of their patrons. 

In all their eflbrts they have been most 
heartily sustained and encouraged by that 
great-hearted, wholesoulfd educator, who has 
proven himself the right man in the right 
place, Gen, John Eaton, the Commissioner of 
Education at Washington, D. C. 

The Business Educators' Association of 
America have also done a power of good, and 
has proven one of the best organizations that 
has ever existed in this country; composed as 
it is of some of the oldest scholars, experienced 
teachers, finest debaters, it has been and 
always will be one of the foundation elements 
of progress. And he who connects himself 

is led over guide roller- to a counter « 
The T square slides in two horizontal s 
edges, Wiih the aid of the straight 
horizontal lines may be drawn ; and w 
swinging straight edgp, which can be 
laterally on the straight edges, vertica 
agonal lines may be drawn. With this 
ratus, the operator can make drawings 
per of considerable length without ii 

This invention has been patented I 
Arthur C. Feron, whose address i- ■ 
Pettier Si Stymus, corner 4fst slrcel ;n„ 
ington avenue. New York City— .s- 

While the Union troops were m.n.liing 
through a Maryland town during'h in- 
vasion, some of the stragglers broke into a 
bakery, and as one of them issued forth, bear- 
ing a loaf of bread on a bayonet, an Irish sol- 
dier cried out: "Liftinant! Liftinant! he jiih- 
bers, there goes a man wid de staff ol lit'- on 
the point of death." — Sottth Fraviini^lKn.i t..i:. 


Priralc Letter from "."ally," 


:-You may think me a trifle 
numerous this month, but I have thought my 
mini full ai;ain, and must pour my fidgety 
ideas into your auditory hoppers for air. I 
fancy 1 can see you plunged in a brown study 
and an alapaca coat as you clip the casement 
of these burning thoughts, and unfurl the 
eight yards of gingham string in whicli they 
are rolled. By titill further flight of fancy, I 
sec you whispering something through your 
clenched teeth which sounds like a list of Cali- 
fornia towns, as my gory pages light up your 
place of concealment with their brilliant Ideas 
heavily traced in red ink. 

IJo you know, Mr. E litor, I som -times think 
if I were deprived the privilege of airing my 
seething thoughts, my inent il dome would 
expand to such an abnormal size that I would 
bi compelled to draw my bonnet on with a 
ohoe horn. Ever since the convention in New 
York I have b«n counting the months that 
must pass before we can all meet again. I 
long for the day when we shall all meet in 
concord and sweet song around the hearth- 
stone of Milwaukee Spencer. I yearn for 
the eventful hour when we shall gaze with 
one simultaneous gaze upon "Bob" as he 
stands wrapt in smiles and perspiration with 
open arms to clasp us with one great univer 
sal clasp. Ah, I think even now as I pen 
these lines I can calch the tremulous melody 
of that voice as he stands there in all his love- 
liness, with hair parted in the middle, greeting 
the dusty and travel-worn meinbirs and 
friends. Hello I Packard, Ames, Burnett, 
Rider, Kelly, Palmer, Elliott and as many 
others as will go. 

Well, Mr. Editor, I wish with all my 
powers of anxiety that every commercial 
teacher of every clime could be there. Mil- 
waukee is a nice quiet town, and many would 
find it balm to their careworn minds to while 
away a few days there on "Bob's" native 
heath. I would like to see Elliott of Burling- 
ton there, and I can't see wliy Schofield 
shouldn't go. Hundreds of the young penmen 
would like to grasp his hand, and taste the 
spice of hi» jovial nature. I would like to see 
more from the tropical clime. Why don't 
Soule of New Orleans cool his brow with 
Wisconsin zephyrs? Why can't Reynolds 
leave his bananas and oranges long enough to 
inhale some oi the sweilzer laden ether of Mil 
waukee.^ Couldn't Btackman leave his pel 
alligators long enough 10 caress the placid brov\ 
of "Bob.^" I would like to see Frank Good 
man there in pea-jacket and knee-pants, ] 
would like to see him meet face to face with 
Mother Isaacs in a late copy of Mary Walker 
pants. We all want to see Flickinger, Soule 
and Pearce of Philadelphia there, and why 
can't Peirce of Keokuk be whirled there by 
the "philosophy of motion.'' Can't Rathburn 
lure Coon, Lillibridge, Ritner, Jennings, Chap- 
man, Palmer and Goodyi 
drawing powers of his se 
I believe D. B. WiUiat 


the open 

se, one of the brightest 
of penmanship, I believe 
scend to drop from his zenith ii 
arms of llie aforesaid and hcfoi 
"Bob." H he is there, finger 
"writhe beneath hisconquering heel." If I rind 
one vacant chair and empty peg on the hat 
rack I shall feel sad. I know there 
of superior teachers who never say anything 
except to their classes. Well, now, is this 
a little selfish.' 

Let every teacher leave the janitor in charge 
of his college and perspire away the 
try hours of July in "Milwaukee, pie 

Trusting you may garner in this harvi 
red, ripe thoughts, I remain 

Peacefully yours, 

The book itself is not large or elegant; but 
is not of the book that we wish to write, 
ralher it is of the fine specimens of pen work 
which have found a place between its covers. 
There many of our most famous caligraphers 
are represented by handsome work. We pore 
over its pages with delight. From their silent, 
yet powerful example, we receive new inspira- 
tions in our work. Will the readers of the 
Gazette glance with me at a few of its most 
beautiful pages and note some of the peculiar 


sof ' 


r there through the 

active bow.' 

; will go, and by the 

netl, Worthinglon, Taylor, Root, Reynolds, 
Brown, WiUon, Cawfield, Souder, Powers and 
Johnson with him. I want to see them all 
there jostling together and plunging in a tide 
of good lellowship until all their morbidity is 
washed away. I want to see them eddying 
under the warm sunshine of "Bob's" hospital- 
ity until their souls become warmed up to a 
friendly heat. I want to see such a sympa- 
theiic current as will yank all frivolous appre- 
hensions into the irredeemable past. 

I want to see them all come with hearts ajar 
willing to receive as well as to give ideas. 
Goldsmith will be there expecting to see Joe 
Foeller, Magee, Lolhrop, Dennis, Madarasz, 
Watson and others, and if they are not there 
he will flood his cheeks with the bitterest 
quality of tears. I believe there are hundreds 
who wjuld go if they could realize what a 
good time we will have. Even Michaels 
would be templed to turn in his grave if he 
could see us all aboard a Milwaukee barge 
floating in one joyous bunk of humanity on 
the moist bosom of Lake Michigan. 

McKee and Henderson would turn their 
heels toward Oberlin foraseason if they knew 
G. W. Brown would be there to fill the room 
with energy and business writing. Burnett 
and J. B. Jones would go if they were sure 
"Bob" would have the late remains of Peck's 
bad boy on exhibition. There's Wells of 

; of the same 
done by Scho- 
his work too 
. Here, too, is 

The first that particularly attracts our atten^ 
tion is a finely flourished bird surrounded by s 
mass of harmonious curves. The work h 
from the nimble pen of W, F. Roth, a physi. 
cian of Manheim, Pa. His skill with the pen 
equals that of our best professionals. 

We have placed opposite to this flourish a 
S|)ecimen of plain writing of great excellence. 
It is a letter from Worcester's great ink. 
slinger, A. H. Hinman. You will be at once 
struck with its plainness. There is not an un- 
necessary line upon the whole page. In this 
respect it might serve as a model for our 
young friends who think writing is not grace- 
ful unless inclosed in a meaningless maze of 
tangled underbrush. 

Here's another good exa 
sort of work. It is a copy 
field of Quincy. You all k 
well to need comment froir 
another letter of faultless executicjn. It came 
up from the sunny South, One of her fore- 
most writers traced its graceful lines with his 
ready pen. M. J. Goldsmith of Atlanta, Ga,, 
is his name. The writing is of the small, 
running hand type, rapidly and easily executed, 
yet systematic and regular. 

Next we see another handsome letter. This 
one is from Kibbe, the great pen artist. His 
writing here is large, yet strong and smooth, 
indicating a free, easy, executive power. Of 
the smgl letters which are nearly perfect in 
form, he has shaded only the loops and stems. 
Try it, boys, and see if it does not give your 
work a chaste and neat appearance. 

This time it is a flourish of uncommon art's 
tic merits. W. D. Showalter, teacher in the 
Bayless College at Dubuque, was its executor. 
He is one of the very youngest of professionals, 
yet his work entitles him to a high place 
among them. Once more it is plain writing 
of the standard, compact style. Bold and 
skillful shades run through the page; its exe- 
cution is wonderfully graceful. It is from the 
pen of Hoffman, secretary of the far famed 
Spencerian Business College of Cleveland. 

Bennett, who is so well known to the readers 
of the Gazette, wrote the letter which now 
comes to our view. We are at once struck by 
the beauty of his capitals. They are formed 
after the standard models, always with grace- 
ful effect. His small letters are very large. 
Still they are of good form and graceful com- 
bination. Here, also, is a smaller specimen ol 
his work, showing the same skill and charac- 

Do you like something bold and dashv? If 
so, you have it here in a piece of artistic writ- 
ing from the rapid pen of B. H.Spencer of 
Albany. In form it is true "Spencerian;" 
but done with such grace as to make your 
every nerve thrill with chirographic en- 

That old veteran, B. M. Worthinglon, has 
subscribed his name to the next piece o( writ- 
ing. Almost perfect in form, delicate of line. 

be truly said of it. 

Once again it is spring time, and the feath 
ered songster warbles to us Its sweetest notes. 
Duryea, the youthful quill driver now of Des 
Moines, is the happy cause of the music. On 
the other side is his letter. Does it need ihe 
combined evidences of the two to convince 
you that he will take a jilace in the very front 
as a penman? 

Rapidity of execution is the main point that 
distinguislies the next specimen. Il comes 
from McKee's Institute of Penmanship, and 
was done by his partner J. T. Henderson. But 
while writing rapidly he by no means des- 
troyed beauty. It is one of the prettiest pages 
in the book. 

A portion of two pages are taken to confine 
specimens of Palmer's work. One is a letter 
done in his small, corresponding style. Free 

in every line. His compliments in a bold 
hand is the other. Here also can be seen the 
beautiful effect caused by a trained muscular 

Friends, are you growing tired.' Why, I 
have hardly begun to tell you of the wonders 
of this book! Do you think it strange that I 
prize it? Is it a wonder that amid its beau- 
lies I seek and find inspiration.* I have 
another scrap book. It comes to me monthly, 
not alone with splendid specimens, but with 
choice reading and careful directions for pro- 
gress. It is the Gazette; aud it is yours as 
well as mine. All can here find much of 

Cnnuot Rise Above its Fo 

As we drift along the stream of everyd.iy 
existence, we encounter amusing incidents 
which help to make life worth the living. 

In our field of usefulness there are earnest, 
painstaking, energetic and thoughtful workers 

ho find pleasure ard profit in pursuing a 
legitimate business, content in letting the 
laurels rest where'er they fall. There are 
others who seem determined to reverse this 
order of things by straining at impossibilities, 
with a hope of creating an impression that the 
stream can rise above its fountain. That the 
Mississippi River flows up hill is an indisputa- 
ble fact. 

A modern Don Quixote is not to be won- 
dered at in an age so prolific as this! It would 
indeed be more noteworthy not to have some 
one lead the van, and be conspicuous for oddi- 

We are content to let each play his part and 
willing (if the court so rules it) to await a 
proper decision, that conviction may not be 
premature. While we have a desire to deal 

UBtly, we cannot shut our eyes to what ex- 
perience has proven beyond a peradventure. 

We are conscious of some things which wi 
know are pugnacious to the best interests 
of the profession, and we are not one who 
coldly permit gross errors to be paraded w 
out an expression of sympathy or pity for the 
erring ones. We therefore wish to state can- 
didly, mildly, peaceably, yet unequivocably, 
M«/ t/te teacher docs not live iioii\ tiever has, nor 
ever luill, ivho can instruct a pupil to -write bet- 
ter than himself. 

We know of living examples who point with 
a feeling of pride and self satisfaction to those 
who have been under their tutorship and 
achieved creditable results. This is not only 
right and propei- but justifi.ible in a strictly 
business sense. What we are deriding is the 
standard set up by a few hopeless imbeciles 
which reverses the proper order of things, and 
places the stream above its fountain. 

While no student should be so ungrateful as 
to forget Wk alma iiKi/cr, while he must ever 
remeinber that honor is lo him to whom honor 
is due; he must not be to blind to his own self- 
respect as to account in any but a plausible 
way for the skill and ability which were gained 
beyond the schoolroom, and be it truly said, 
beyond the ability of the teacher. 

The moment a pupil's writing becomes bet- 
ter than the teacher's that moment Ihe stream 

ies above its fountain. 

While this cannot exist, we wish to be un- 
derstood as saying that Instruction ceases 
when executive ability is wanting, l^pon this 
hypothesis there can be no just claim from the 

teacher for increased ability beyond what is 
recognized as equal. 

The ambitious teacher will apply his avowed 
principles, and develop all possible results, 
thereby proving any rightful claims which 
otherwise he is not entitled to, and has no right 
to assume. Any progress then, beyond the 
teacher is due to thoughtful consideration upon 
the part of the student, and its practical work- 
ing is determined by such effort as will charac- 
terize its development. There may be un- 
developed principles of worth in the theory of 
any one, but claims of any moment will re- 
ceive no consideration from competent judges, 
where proof is wanting of their tangibility. 

There are penmen in the field today, who 
»ere once students of instiiutions which they 
care not now to acknowledge, because they 
have risen above and beyond Ihem in every 
sense of the word, and the honor should be 
reversed. There surely is no criminal intent 
in such an act, but upon the other hand it is 
hollow presumption upon the part of any in- 
structor to lay claims for gain that was purely 
the result of one's own thought and labor. I 
repeat it : It is indeed laughable to sec and 
note the supreme satisfaction and enjoyment 
that a few would-be teachers get out of this 
part of their high calling, viz : That such and 
such a one was a student of his, and he the (stu- 
dent that was) can write not only superbly but 
with a skill that few would attempt to assume. 

Now this same student (that was) is not only 
a superior penman as acknowledged, but is as 
far superior to the teacher now (that was) as 
was the teacher when inslruclion first began. 

Is it just, is it right is it proper to attempt lo 
establish such vacant claims.' 

We hold our original proposiiion to be self- 
evident that no teacher can instruct beyond 
his ability to execute, and that all rightful 
claims end where equality of execution is 

Au October Lily. 


s ffla<1 « 

low light. 

It hc:irs the wind in Uie woodlands sijitt. 

And llie nntheni sp^irrows ling, 
While above it darts Ihe dragoii-lly. 

And the brow 



And crickets chir 

The dusty grapes along the wnl 
And you hear Ihe qunil his com] 

And II 

vith the ni 

i chill 

Though asters l)loo-n on the filopin^ hil 

And Ihe lily seems & niessnge, bright 
With the glory earth will know 

When Ihe land throws off stern winter'! 
And the gmss shioes Uirougfi ti 

When Artemus Ward exhibited his pano- 
rama in Louisville once, he had been out with 
the boys a good deal, and was not in prime 
condition for his show in consequence, hence 
it went off badly. The next morning a friend, 
disposed to excuse the contretemps, said: 
"Artemus, the show was hardly a success last 
night; your lights were bad." "Yes," said 
Artemus, wiih that sad, far away look he some- 
times assumed, "my liver was a little off too." 
— Texas Sijtings. 

A solemn, gray-haired old man came in 
town one day last week and said the fish in the 
Sioux River were out on the banks fanning 
themselves with their tails. Nobody seemed 
to doubt Kwn.^Es/fUinr Bell. 


Hand aad Ann Calisthenics. 

DY A. J. : 

eiUirelv removed from writing, (here is Hltle of tlie fascinating ( 
lent that leads iis to the ^radical. 

Flourishes the prevailing feature, eli? Well, considered only as letters they do look a little 
fettered, but the idea is to bring the letters in the closest possible relation to their corresponding 
movement drills. By such practice we learn to associate every movement drill with the letter 
or part of letter it is intended to strengthen. Getting complete control of the movement is a 
hard laiik for many, and unless practice becomes interesting, discouragement follows. After you 
have reached the point when you come to make capital leiters with a fair degree of skill and 
ease, you find practice pleat^ant. You see clearer the advantage of exercise practice. You find 
your coils and ovals transforming into graceful letters. You see and corr.prehend more fully 

beautiful ; 

t growing out of the drudgery of repetition. Skill and grace in execution w 
you once considered a gift to a select few from a partial author of nature, you now see tha 
ihis wonderful accomplishment is the result of toil. 

Now I want every student reader of the Gazette to lose sight of genius, or the idea that 
tlie penman is born with one of the nine muses grafted in his right arm. Just rake away thi 
Irash of all your old habits of finger movement, cramped fingers, whole arm movement etc., am 
get down to solid ground. First get a a good position of the hand as shown in cut. Don't take 
hold of the pen as timidly as though you feared it would explode with the slightest pressuri 
grip it as though you feared some one else wanted the same holder, but take hold and nio' 

'eep of movement. The lateral strokes tend 

call for 
learned to make them well, you will find you have much more confidence 
By such practice you gel training in both small and capital letters combined 

nt tlian anything else. When you hav 

Try to make a row of C's across the page without stopping or raising the per 
I he loop and observe that the finishing strokes are full curves. Don't allow your t 

Shading i^ a feature that needs special study and practice. You may be able i 
er pcrlcclly and fail lo get the shading just as you wish. Shading down stroke^ f 
uval practice is a splendid drill. The following C exercise should be practiced as 
.sible, shading the first in loop, second in oval and so on. 

Beauty charms and inspires our minds to action. Labor becomes a pleas\ 
accomplishments we are seeking. Drudgery wears oft" as skill approaches 

The above will help you in shading thi 
1 forming good ovals in 

Practice the S and G, finishinj 
ight down at base line. 

full and shaded 

Strike from the shoulder with a force and determination that will land you across the page 
with a string of healthy looking G's. The Ga/ette wants to see some of the work of every 
subscriber, and especially those who are practicing from these lessons. We are going lo do all 
we can to make the lessons a success, but we can't know this until we see some of the results. 

We feel an interest in every i 
e we want to keep track of the flock 

good drill for L, D. and all letters containing the compound t 
seless practice because it lojkb like a prize package watch ch.n 

In practicing the three B's combined, thi 

four kheets with such practice. Don't I 

. that for some time. S^? that you improve on an 

lent becomes stiongand free. Covir lliree 
careless because you have dwelt on n copy 
before changing off to something else. 


always open toils members. Whei 
:plained, let us hear from vou. 

By reference to Prof. Wells' lesson to beginners in the December Gazettk, you will find 
the following unsurpassed directions for gelling the muscular movement: With right 
resting lightly on the table, open the hand, placing it perfeclly ilat upon the table, palm touching 
and arm resting on the fleshy part below the elbow. Now you have the correct ixjsition. Keep 
it so by freijucntly repeating the above. 

:heek i 

:ssed of a galvanized 
11 to fracture it by a 

Hoping, Mr. Editor, that these eye-moisten 
ing remarks may be viewed through the trans- 
parency of tears, I remain 

Smilingly yours, "Sally." 

The Itinerant Teacher. 

The itinerant period in the life of a penman 
is one of amusing interest. It is generally 
considered necessary, before assuming the re- 
sponsibilities of a business college teacher, for 
the youthful ink-slinger to spend a season in 
organizing and conducting evening classes. 
Experience is demanded by college proprietors, 
and the hopeful young'tcr accepts his (ate, and 
embarks in the traveling field. He soon as- 
certains that the greater part ol his net profits 
will be in the coin of experience. 'Tis true he 
finds this currency very valuable in his future 
career, but it is often very reluctantly accepted 
as a recompense for Ihe unceasing loil incident 
to itinerant work^ toil that the college profes- 
sor never knows the meaning of, unless he, 
loo, began his career in this way. 

The life of a traveling teacher of penmanship 
is one of continual hardships. He is received 
with coldness and suspicion by the majority of 
tho'-e to whoTH he must look for patronage. 
He is the focus of all eyes, and the subject of 

Without changing position, close the right hand ftrmly, raise it just enough to clear the 
table, and balance on the muscles of the forearm, not allowing the wrist to touch; now, using 
the muscles of the shoulder in conjunction with the shoulder and elbow joints, work the fore, 
arm back and forth in its own direction, pushing out and drawing in, but without sliding the 
sleeve. The sleeve should remain stationary as if glued to the table, while the wrist works out 
and in, impelled by the action of the shoulder muscles. The simple motion thus produced on 
a direct line with the forearm is the key to all muscular movements, and should be practiced 
daily until the action of the muscles brought into play becomes perfectly easy. The forearm in 
this direct motion will carry the hand back and forth a distance of from one to one and a half 
inches without sliding the sleeve. 


' Among Penmen. 

Mr. Editor: — In my migratory experience 
I have rubbed against almost every symptom 
of the profession, and have found but very few 
cases of that malady known as joke-blindness. 
I have noticed that the chronic placidity of ihe 
most stolid and reserved scribe may be wrought 
into mirthful confusion by the rejuvenating 
thrill of a newly burnished joke. I have even 
seen gravity shattered on the embalmed fea- 
tures of the most important by the languid 
Ihud of a time-hallowed "chestnut." No rea- 
son why the profession should be forever im- 
paled on the point of logical crape. Give them 
some sauce with their feast. Distort their 
solemn faces wilh mirthful electricity. Rend 
the funeral service which covers the very 
human. Why should a penman incur a dis- 
ordered liver through an excess of chronic 
dignity-^" Why should he cultivate a longiui. 
dinal expression because he can construct a 
fair English alphabet.' Because of hi^ hands' 
cunning, should he look upon life as a vast 
march of obsequies? I have met a tew ol the 
fraternity whose facial muscles were apparently 
paralyzed, and who would look upon humor as 
they would upon the marble brow of a deceased 
relative. But the m;ijority of them are as full 
of spice as a Hosteller's Almanac, 1 have 
seen the reflective mirage jerked from Pack- 
ard's face by Ihe introduction of an electrified 
je^l. 1 have seen the time-traced lines merged 
into curves, as his oral vacuum commenced 
to roam across his features. I have observed 

Harvey and Henry Spencer convulse like two 
gelatinous mountains while exchanging their 
infantile effusions of attenuated wit. I have 
seen Sadler's eye assume the luster of an 
Alaska diamond when anticipating a tidal wave 
of hilarity. I find the most stolid among the 
tribe occasionally give way to the distorting 
effect of instantaneous corruscations ot seam, 
testers, and ruthlessly smash the obsolete can. 
ons and conventionalities of cast-iron antiquity 
That's what we want, In order to succeed, 
every penman needs a robust liver and a pair 
of lungs larger than a two cent sponge. Look 
at "Bob" Spencer! There's a livhig monument 
to whole-souled laughter. Look at the halcyon 
expression of Burnett! "He smiles and smiles 
and is a penman still." Turn your gaze south- 
ward; there's R. S. Collins, who wields the 
pen with skill, and hasn't an atom of cynicism 
in his system. Let's exchange some of the 
side-whiskered pomp and captious austerity for 
wholesome humor. Not wit whose age would 
entitle it lo a position in some dusty museum, 
nor puns which should have been sacked and 
rammed into oblivion before the medifeval 
period, but unimpaired, soul-stirring produc. 
tlons of the present age. B. F. Kelley don't 
Rke the idea of shearing the moss ofl* an anti" 
quated joke before he can laugh at it. He can 
get back numbers at any time, by calling on 
Preston. There's Mac'arasz, he's pining for 
late editions, and Dennis is growing pale and 
thin over the moth-eaten jests of the aitte-beUmn 
period. Palmer needs the same diet to change 
his facial perpendicularity to a horizontal ex- 

all gossip during his stay in a country village. 
Every act of his serves to feed the famishing 
scandal peddler, and all his movements are 
scrutinized with the most untiring watch- 

His personal appearance excites the com- 
ment of the fair sex, and the question of his 
powers of self-defense engages the attention of 
designing town loafers. The school directors 
are not sure that it would be exactly right lo 
allow him the use of the school building for 
conducting a class, provided he secures one, 
and the direst threats are indulged in and the 
most awful penalties whispered of, should he 
attempt to flirt with a certain pretty girl, upon 
whom a burly young villager seems to have a 

His terms are declared unreasonably high, 
and he is constantly reminded of the scarcity 
of cash in that section. It is not long in reach- 
ing his ears that he looks awfully green for a 
profetsor, and his ability lo teach a class in 
penmanship is generally doubted. 

He at last secures a small class of pupils, 
and finds that some of them belong lo the 
rough class, and are bent upon creating a dis- 
turbance. The entire village population insist 
upon showing their appreciation of his efforts 
by crowding in as visitors, and succeed in 
making such confusion that he finds it difficult 
to secure the attention of any one, and his in- 
struction, as a result, is not nearly so brilliant 
as he intended it should be. If he excludes 
visitors he is voted "perfectly horrid," and the 
young ladies, or rather the young people, sneer 
at him in the street, the small boys snowball 
him and break panes of window glass in the 
schoolroom windows, for which he is held 

While he is trying to collect and use his 
leaching abilities, every trick known to school 
boys is tried on him, and although he is often 
slightly provoked at these proceedings, yet in 
respect to the better portion of his class, he 
must repress any fitting expression of his feel- 
ings and sentiments. Most of the pupils join 

the class to have a good lime, and therefore of 

urse make no improvement, a fact which he 

frequently reminded 'of toward Uie close of 
the school. He succeed* in collecting about 
one-half of the small amount of tuition prom- 
ised him, and finds that it will little more 
than meet his board bill. 

He leaves the place lo repeat the same pro. 
gramme in an adjoining town, with probably 
a little variation for the better or worse. As 
he has suffered a good deal of close confine- 
ment during his slay in the village, he feels 
that he is in need of some vigorous physical 
exercise, so for this and other sufficient reasons, 
he indicates his opposition to railroad monop- 
olies by proceeding lo his next field of lalx)r 
In the pomp and splendor ol pedestrlanism. 

Upon taking a retrospect of his labor, he 
finds that those rough places through which 
he has passed constitute ihe school of real ex- 
perience, and he concludes that he must have 
enough of it by this time to carry him safely 
through anything that might await him in his 
future career. Not having any offer of any- 
thing be'ter just at present, and desiring lo 
make just money enough, with his itinerant 
teaching to enable him to purchase a new suit 
of clothes, and pay his railroad fare, should he 
succeed in finding a i>osition somewhere, he 
toils on, growing insensible to all gossip coor 
cerning him, learning how to gain the favor 
of those with wliom he comes in contact, find- 
ing out the best methods of conducting his 
classes successtully, how to avoid being the 
dupe of ordinary tricks of school boys, and in 
short, how lo organize intelligently and care- 
fully, how to teach thoroughly and practically, 
and how to secure the favor of almost any 
community, be they ever so prejudiced against 
writing teachers. 

This frosty winter of bitter experience causes 
the death of many a fondly-cherished hope, 
the crumbling of many a dream-castle, Ihe 
abandoning of many impractical theories and 
the erection of reasonable hopes and possibility 
structures in their stead. 

Tlie itinerant field is abandoned with a great 
sigh of relief; and yet in the after career ol the 
itinerant, he often reverts with pleasure to some 
of the bright places in his wanderings. He for- 
gets, for a moment, the hardships endured 
and recalls some moonlight night when he 
walked home blushing with some maiden-pupil 
or expended a part of his scanty earnings for a 
livery rig with which he spent two hours in 
the company of a bright village damsel, de- 
spite the precautions of watchful mothers and 
jealous lovers. This part ot his dearly-earned 
experience, he would gladly live over again. 

On the whole, the traveling teacher of writ- 
ing is not to be envied, and yet this severe 
school of discipline, this hard contact with 
humanity will never lose its goodetfeclson his 
after life, and if he achieves fame or fortune in 
the chii'ographic world, he is likely lo attribute 
his success, in a very large measure, to his 
early itinerant teaching, and the experience 
thus acquired. 

Dubuque, la., Sept. tS, lSS6. 

What to Read. 

Are you deficient in taste.' Read the best 
English poets, such as Thomson, Gray, Gold> 
smith. Pope, Cowper, Coleridge, Scott and 

Are you deficient in imagination.' Read 
Milton, Akenslde, Burke and Shakspeare. 

Are you deficient in powers of reasoning.' 
Read ChilHngworth, Bacon and Locke. 

Are you deficient in judgment and good 
sense in Ihe common affairs of life.' Read 

Are you deficient In sensibility.' Read 
Goethe and Mackenzie, 

Are you deficient in political knowledge? 
Read Montesquieu, the Federalist, Webster 
and Calhoun. 

Are you deficient in patriotism .' Read De- 
mosthenes and the Life of Washington. 

Are you deficient In conscience.' Read 
some of President Edwards' works. 

Are you deficient in anything? Read the 
Bible.- -Ex. 

— In the page of card specimens for Septem- 
ber A. W, Dakin should have been credited 
with card No. 5. 

— Read this number of the Gazette care- 
fully, and ask your friends to subscribe. 




(Entered at the Post Office, at ChlCMEO, asSec- 

I'he (i. A. Gaskell Co., Profrietors. 

JOHN FAIRaA^KS. General Manager. 

l..ndingV ' '^° 

For AMHly/ivt cent* cxira we will send the 

style of 

CuinB in 

honrd binding, or Sblrct Rsadincs, in doth. 



splendid $s Hand Book free. 

Select Rbad.ncs in cloih is wanted. MO ceiiis 

nuLst be .«ni lo pay the e^^pcnsc of extra bmding. 

the li.oo or the f 1. 35 subscription and premium b 

Note this carefully and avoid mistakes. 


Hereatter our friends will please send all 
business meant for us-both the Order De- 
partment and the Gazette— to the address 
given below. Exchanges will please see 
that our address on their books is corrected 
at once. Such of them as have been send- 
ing duplicates to our department editors. 
Profs. Bridge and Wells, will please con- 
tinue to do so. 

79 & 81 Wabash Ave., CHICAGO, ILL. 

The Gazette's Aims. 

The Gazette aims to be charitable to all, 
and malicious to none. To steer clear of all 
petty jealousies and personal conflicts. To 
live and let live. To recognize worth wher- 
ever found. To refk'ain from all calf. worship. 
To reveience men for their gocxl deeds, and not 
solely for their age. To manufacture mythical 
glory for no man. To deal with facts in an 
interesting manner. To bt* wide-awake at all 
limes to the interests of its cause. To publish 
all articles which are naturally expressed and 
bulge with common-sense thought, even if 
truth be seasoned with humor. To recognize 
.nil as honorable until proven otherwise. To 
kick at no man simply because he is being 
kicked by others. To express its candid opin- 
ions regardless of the sepulchral snarls of cyn- 
ics. To listen lo reason at all times. To stuft 
and embalm no theory simply for its antiquity. 
To allow no man to scream eureka through its 
horn because an idea as well known as pie-plant 
echoes across his cavernous dome. To be 
perfectly just and upright in all its dealings 

Life iu Wiitiog. 

Sluggish motion produces stiff and lifeless 
letters. Give us writing which shows the 
driving force. A free movement will arouse 
iinsuspecltd resources of ability. If you love 
the beautiful in writing, shake up your slum- 
bering energies! Kindle yourself into burn- 
ing enthusiasm. Teach your arm that the 
will is master. Leave the doors to reason 
open ant! learn to discriminate between fos- 
silized platitudes and common sense. Get an 
idea and practice it. You might ponder over 

hair<balancing theorie<iand mental protoplasms 
until the crown of your intelkct assumed the 
efliilgence of an unclad onion, and without 
putting forth some vigorous effort in practice, 
you will have accomplis^hed little more than 
breaihing your share of air. during the time 
thus spent. Take on enthusiasm ; it generates 
the invincible impulses that wilt give you suc- 
cess. Shake o?i that phlegmatic, frigid, sloth- 
ful movement. Let your work show that you 
are aglow with inspiration. Use discretion 
and fire away! Take a good idea whenever 
3 ou can get it. Accept it because you think 
it good, and not simp'y because the giver has 
labeled it such. Take advice as you would 
guide-books, if it fits your route; take It, if not 
weigh it, in the scales of reason. Advice is the 
history of experience; all experiences are dif- 

Infuse a life current into your work by 
putting vi;;or and speed into your movement. 

Simultaneous Ide, 

ayiess demands invention. New idej 
I necessity. They are like coins, just a 


No 1 

premium on those from the hairless dome and 
austere brow, than from the cantelope pate of 
remoteness. Necessity gives birth to new ideas, 
Wide-awake men want revolution of methods; 
naturally then, hundreds are scenting on the 
same trail and will find similar results. Be- 
cause an idea dawns upon your mi"d, and 
seems as fresh and bright as a new-born lily, 
you need not rend the firmament with your 
war-whoop, Etireka\ The idea may fit other 
menUil calibers. You may, if you look over 
the field, find others who have discovered the 
idea and are quietly wearing it without osten- 
tation. If j'ou teach muscular movement, do 
all in vour power to make it a success, but 
don't fatigue the fraternity by continually 
claiming that you have wrought out the whole 
grand plan. Where so much simplicity, com- 
mon sense and naturalness are found in any 
method as in the njuscular movement, there 
are a number of discoverers. Men don't shut 
their eyes to necessity that one individual 
may feast on the broth of invention. When 
you think a new thought, it is always best to 
carefully look over the field while your brain 
is cooling. If after a careful search you fail 
lo find a match for it, then it may be well 
enough to feed it out by degrees to the famish- 
ing public. Had other men swung in the ham- 
mock under apple trees and thought at the 
same time, Newton might have had rivals in 
the gravity business. But the falling apple 
vihich proved the key lo Newton's discovery, 
might have suggested cider and dumplings to 
the minds of others less curious about the solar 

Pure originality in any art is a rare thing ; of 
course, new idtas may be suggesled to the 
mind of one individual for the first time by 
careful thought in a given line, but the same 
conceptions may have been formed and car- 
ried into practice through a similar cause and 
line of thought. Teachers often adopt simil.ii' 
methods because the motives prompting them 
are caused by similar necessities and reasons. 
Business demands an easy and rapid style of 
penmanship, muscular movement furnishes 
this. Wide awake teachers are, asa necessity, 
trying to accommodate the growing demands oi 
the practical world. No one lakes a slow train 
when there is a fast one going in the same di- 
rection, unless he lias not discovered the differ- 
ence of speed. If he is asleep and behind 
time, he may lake a gravel train, that he may 
nurse his feeble theories and preventconfusion 
among his embalmed hobbies. Thousands are 
lifting their heads above the banks of their old 
ruts and catching at new ideas. Then, do we 
wonder at so many grasping the same tow- 
line of thought? Astronomers scanning the 
starry vault through their poised telcscoj>es 
from observatory heights, thousands of miles 
separated, at the same instant may discover the 
same new asteroid, returning comet, or grand 
wonder in the revolving worlds. While the 
scientist in Florence pours over some new 
theory of the movement of atoms, the Amer- 
ican scholar may be discovering the same law. 
Hundreds of inventors and scientists have 
realized with sad awakening that the discover- 
ies with which they would dazzle the eyeof man 
are as old as the days of knickerbocker pants 
.Tnd sandal-wood shoes. 

Distorted lUrds. 

Have you observed how some of our flourish 
ing fraternity break away from the laws of na- 
ture in their construction of the fowl kingdom ; 
nature (ails to furnish the freaks they wi-h to 
represent. She has not get-up-and-get enough 
to allow their genius full swing. They also 
cut loose from the tedious style and forms ol 
ornithology. It lollows nature too closely. 
Its birds look too meek and affect too nearly the 
plumage and proportions of those twittering 
creatures ol the forest. No, what winged 
genius wants is more variety, more curvature 
of plumage, more pointed beaks, more fantas- 
tic sweep of v/ings, and longer toe-nails in the 
scope of fowldom. Nature has not given us 
the graceful droop of under lip; the wide 
waste of expression about the eye ; the heaving 
protuberance of crop and the tragic position of 
fool for which the chirographic talent so much 
yearns. We have seen that pen and ink sym- 
bolical creation, with a wealth of mouth, that 
were it endowed with a voice to match, its 
warblings would stopa Waterbury watch. We 
have watched, with misgivings, the grieved 
expression of the flourished what-is-il as he 
writhed under tiie weight of a two-hoi-se power 
goose-quill. We have almost given way to 
tears of sympathy upon seeing a frail sparrow 
clutching and suspending a large oak in 
mid-air. Perhaps this was unintentional on 
the part of the penman. He doubtless ar- 
ranged the ponderous perch for the bird to rest 
on, but the way the situation fell upon our 
'retina, was that the bird in a thoughtless mo- 
ment had wrenched the shrub from its mother 
earth and was carrying it to its distant aerie for 
upholstering purposes When genius gets so 
restless for novelty that she produces web- 
footed canaries, feathered alligators, cat-faced 
hummingbirds, eagle-heads with swallow body 
attachment, woodpeckers with peacock conclu- 
sions and other feathered freaks, it is about time 
to shift the scenes. We admire art as much as 
any one, but when it soars to that pitch when 
its productions must be labeled and accompa- 
nied by a war map or explanatory key, the glam- 
our of appreciation becomes a fraction thread- 
bare. There must be a gnawing sense of re- 
morse in the penman's breast who, after produc- 
ing a mass of curves and shades, is necessarily 
compelled todesignale such production by affix- 
ing in bold letters the word "Horse." There 
must be some touch kft out.lack of proper shad- 
ing or some other deflciency in the flourished 
swan which is taken for a cow. Penmen 
should study the distinguishing features of 
fowl and quadruped. It would save much of 
the time spent in correcting mistaken identity. 
Time spent in labeling and explaining designs 
might be profitably spent in retouching and 
finishing. Nature may seem poky, compared 
with the creative powers of a seething intel- 
lect, but we have noticed that some of our best 
artists accede to her laws, and imitate her 

Correct Spelling. 

About [he most inharmonious combination 
that can be looped together is beautiful writing 
and deformed spelling. Nothing will call forth 
the cold, steely finger ol criticism quicker 
than an innocent primary word spelled in bad 
taste and occupying a prominent position in a 
beautifully wiitten letter. It looks about as 
incongruous as a pig in a parlor. We have seen 
boys who exhibited more originality in spelling 
than any other direction; it seemed to spread in 
the field of orthography like a contagion. 
They would leave the venerable Webster and 
his ponderous tome far in the b.ickground. 
They would spell English words according to 
the Chippewa pronunciation. They would cut 
and revise Webster's methods until scarcely a 
feature of the old master's style remained. They 
would hammer and batter long words into 
deformity, until tliey looked about as foreign 
as kilt skirts. They would ram the conven- 
tionalities of Webster into the dusty recesses 
of forget fulness and emulate the novel style of 
the late Billings. Business men lose ^ight of 
good writing when coupled with poor spelling. 
About the best way to learn it Is to have a 
dictionary at hand and always consult it when 
the least doubt arises. 

"Trust a man to be good, and true, and evei 
if he is not, your trust will lend to make bin 

Rspiratlon and Execntiou. 

Should a penman breathe while executing 
the most delicate strokes in a design.^ This 
question was thrust at us not long since by a 
scribe who was apparently enjoying his lucid 
intervals. Well, now, we should say the ques- 
tion of time would be an important feature in 
this problem. Holding the breath for a few 
seconds might prevent tremor in the stroke?, 
but shutting off the valves for an hour or so is 
very fatiguing, and is liable to derange the 
expiratory movements. We shouldn't like to 
see the face of a brother scribe looking as bil- 
ious and inflated as a newly-upholsteied saxi 
sage, simply because he is filagreeing the pro- 
file of a wren's nest. 

Ask them to quit the use of tobacco and 
other injurious habits, but indulge them in the 
respiration habit. It has a hold on them 
which they cannot shake off. They find it 
very restoring after b;ing half smothered by a 
shower of tintinnabulous verbiage from tlie 
leisurely bore. 

Deprive them if you will of all artificial 
stimulants, but give them their full quota of 
ether. Ask them to stop swearing, but don't 
ask them to hold their breath until they have 
the expression of a clolliier's dummy. 


The originality demanded by some critics is 
simply an impossibility. To attain it a person 
must make a (nbiila rosn of his mental facul- 
ties. He would have to place himself in the 
condition of the first man and ignore all ideas 
ofpre vious generations. Like some ancient hero 
he would have to shut his eyes, close his nos- 
trils, and seal his ears with wax, to prevent 
other men's thoughts from falling on the mem- 
branes of his faculties. Then the only tiling 
he could succeed in being original in would 
be his idiotic eccentricity. We live in a great 
ocean of thought, and inliale it just a> naturally 
as air. Yet occasionally we may find one in- 
dividual who has managed to shut out all 
thought of others and has refrained from the 
mental exertion of conceiving himself. 

Iiard he may strive lo avoid using the ideas of 
others, is compelled to be, lo an extent, a lit- 
erary resurrectionist. His brain is full o^ as- 
similated thought that has lost its label. Dead 
men's wit echoes in his mind long after he has 
forgotten its source. Goldsmith once said : 
" It is a misfortune for fine writers to be born 
in a period so enlighteneil as ours. The har 
vest of wit is gathered in and litle left lo 
glean." Our precursors have beset nearly all 
the patent approaches to glory. They have 
trodden the field over and we must walk in 
their footprints or stand stock still. But if the 
ideas of others be assimilated and moulded into 
original style, is not that a new crealion, "Can 
the bee make honey without rifling the roses 
uf their sweets.'" "Is the rainbow less beau- 
tiful because it borrows its colors from the 
sun.'" Originality has been defined as 
iug. Old electro-plates are melted into a mass 
and poured into moulds and converted into new 
designs. Ideas of other men are thrown into 
the mind's mould and wrought into new pro- 
ductions. The mind is a mirror, forever re- 
ceiving new reflections, which ai-e utilized in 
its workings. By observation and reading the 
mill is being coi 
genius does is to t 
and combines the 
is not easy lo defii 

feed on itself and 

ntly filled, and all that 
D tlie wheel, which mixes 
iterials into originality. It 
what is called genius; hut 
namely, that it does not 
>in cobwebs out of its own 
bowels, wliich would only keep it forever im- 
poverished and thin, but is essentially passive 
and receptive in its nature, and impregnates 
itself continually with the thoughts and feel- 
ings of others." We create beings in the mind 
which we clothe in the garments of dead men ; 
ideas which if stripped of the thoughts of 
others would be only the shadow oi uncer- 
tainty. " Who can say as he draws from hit- 
well stocked quiver a fine arrow, whether or 
not it has been sliafled with the solid sense ol" 
Bacon, feathered with the fancy of Byxorx, or 
pointed with logic of Chillingworth!" The 
ideas have been so unconsciously admitted 
that it would be impossible to assort and rec- 
ognize them all. Derwcnt Coltridge says 
in defence of Ins father from the charge of 
plagiarism: "In an overwrought brain the 
door which separates the chamber of memory 


niginaCion is so lightlv l,u„g l],al it 
ncl ihen spring open and allow the t 
.f one to roll inio llie other." 


Scarcely a finer blending of ridicule, irony, 
and ex<]utfijle imagery can be found in the 
pages of literature than J. Proctor Knott's 
speech on Duluth. He happily merges 
grandeur, beauty, irony, ridicule and fantastic 
Higlils of the imagination into a grand mas- 
terpiece of brilh'ant and poignant wit- He 
waxes eloquent in expatiating upon the re- 
sources of the remote village of Duluth, 
when he says: — "Duluth.' The word Jell 
upon my car with a peculiar and indescribable 
charm, like sweet accents of an angel's whis- 
per in the bright, joyous dream of sleeping 
innocence. Duluth! Twas the name for 
which my soul liad panted for years, as the 
hart panteth for the water brooks! But where 
wab Dnlnth? Never in all my limited read- 
ing had my vision been gladdened by seeing 
tlte celestial word in print. I was convinced 
that the fabled Atlantis, never seen save by 
the hallowfd vision ol the inspired poesy, 
was, in fact, but another name for Duluth. 
That the golden orchard of Hesperides was 
but a poetical synonym for the beer gardens in 
the vicinity of Duluth^ 

He seems so enraptured over the gorgeous 
prospects of Duluth that he is loth lo cease 
dilating upon its beauties, and says; 

"Ah, sir, you can have no conception of 
he poignancy of my anguish that I am de- 
prived of the blessed privilege of voting for 
the grant of lands provided for in this bill.'' 

Where can be found a liner compound of 
downright irony and provoking ridicule than 
his praise of the agricultural advantages of 
the pine clad hills of the St Croix? He pro- 
ceeds: "Who will have the hardihood to 
rise in his seat on this Hoor and assert that ex- 
cepting the pine bushes the entire region 
would not produce vegetalion enough in ten 
years lo fatten a grasshoppfir.' Where is the 
patriot who is willing that his country shall 
incur the peril of remaining another dav with- 
out the amplest railroad connection with such 
an inexhaustible mine of agricultural wealth.' 
Who will answer for the consequences of aban- 
doning a great and warlike people in the pos- 
session of a country like that, to brood over 
l!ie indifference and neglect of their govern- 
ment? How long would it be before they 
would take to studying the Declaration of In- 
dtpendence, and hatching out the damnable 
heresy of secession.* How long before the 
grim demon of civil discord would rear again 
his horrid head in our midst, gnash loud his 
iron fangs, and shake his crest of bristling 
bayonets? " He seems to think Homer made 
a great mistake in not crystalizing /Jh/hM in 
deathless song instead of pouring his gushing 
fountain of poesy ujion the fall of lllion. 
Thinks the old genius would weep tears of 
bitter anguish could he behold Duluth in all 
its gloricB. Every one should read this speech ; 
it shows what a powerful instrument is ridicule 
in the hands of a master, 

Wolcoiue Words uiid Wishes from the 

"Accept my warmest thanks for your honest 
and manly attitude toward our work. May 
the best success attend the Gazktte. 

**S. S. Packard." 

"The September Gazette is the most read- 
able number you have published. Do so some 
more. Chas. R. Wells." 

Hon. A. J. Rider, of Trenlon, says: "Friend 
Scarborough, I hasten to ofler my congralula- 
lioii, not only to you but to the readers of your 
valuable paper, I am sure the advanlage to 
you will be small compared with the benefits 
thai will accrue to ihein. I have always been 
an admirer of your writing. It lias all the 
freedom and grace of GaskelPs without any 
objectionable leatures. 

"In editorial work 1 can see before you a 
promising future. With best wishes I am, 
"Kraternally yours, 

"A.J. RiDEK." 

"The Ga/ette for September came to hand 
and I take pleasure in saying a word in ils 
praise. It still holds its own and bears the 
••ame interesting gems in the shape of pen 
Work and reading matter. 

"Now Scarborough, I hope you will buckle 
right down to business and do your level best 
to make the Gazette the best living paper of 
its kind in the country. You are just the man 
to take the subject of penmanship in hand and 
show it up on all sides in the Gazette's col- 
umns, and at the same time to give variety by 
sprinkling in a little something on other sub- 
jects, thereby keeping ihe little paper chock 
full of life and good material. 

"1 shall be pleased at any time to give you 
anything I can to Hll a blank space in the way 
of spiral wire swans and prosperoub looking 
spread eagles which I constantly keep on hand 
in great abundance. I'll just throw in one now 
that lit on the paper a few days ago, not for 
engraving purposes, but just to let you know 
that I'm round and still slinging 'em off. Suc- 
cess to the GAztiTTE. Truly vours, 

"W. E. Dennis." 

"Was very much pleased to learn of your 
new duties, and am certain that you will keep 
the Gazette up in the ranks of literary and 
art publications. There is not enough atten- 
tion paid to the literary standing of most pen- 
men's papers. The Gazette has always led 
in this respect. There is no reason why the 
profession of penmanship ca-nnot have a dis- 
tinct and 'unique' literature of its own, and I 
think that it will have, some day. 

"With my best wishes for your success and 
bright prosperity, I am very truly, 
"Your friend, 

"W. D. Showalter," 

Prcparatiou for College. 

The list of requirements for admission to a 
New England college is something formid- 
able. It is a lion at the gate of the Castle 
Beautiful, not very terrible, perhaps, lo jhe 
boy clinging close to the elbows of a peda- 
gogue, who leads him safely past Ihe very 
laws of the monster, but to the poor fellow 
who has no leader, and tries to face the diffi- 
culty single-handed, discouragement is sure to 
come. Yet afier all, the lion is chained; is 
not half so dreadful as he appears. Let us 
take up for a moment the opportunities every 
boy possesses of securing a good preparation, 
and see Iiow they can be taken advantage of 
by one who cannot go to school. 

In the first place, almost every hoy can find 
some one to aid him. There are very few 
country villages which do not possess at least 
one mathematical genius, who could readily 
understand and explain geometry and Ihe ele- 
ments of algebra. As a general thing the 
minister has studied Latin grammar, and often 
has made some progress in Greek. The 
schoolteacher, loo, is usually prepared to 
teach mathematics as far as required for ad- 
mission to college. Few and far between are 
the towns where a boy who is eager for an 
education cannot find from the teachers, doc- 
tors, or ministers within a few miles of his 
home, gratuitous assistance in his various 

In the next place, almost every boy has 
some time which he can give regularly to 
study. Of course, if every moment is filled 
with work, it is impossible to attempt to go lo 
college. But even one hour a day will tell on 
the work to be done after awhile, and it is 
probable that most boys who really desire it 
could find at least two hours a day. It will 
take a long time at Ihal rate to do all Ihe 
necessary work, but what of that? A young 
man who must make a late preparalion need 
not enter college before the age of twentj-two 
or even later. The college studies can at that 
age be better appreciated, and the student will 
graddale in ample lime lo begin his career toad 
vantage. Theaverageage for entrance into our 
colleges has been steadily rising for some 
years. In our grandfathers' lime it was six- 
teen; at present it is nineteen, and you may 
be sure that the number of those much older 
than that is not small. 

It is customary to graduate in England 
much later than among us, and many advan- 
tages are on the side of the young man whose 
powers are fully developed before an advanced 
course of study. 

In the third place, educated young men can 
secure better pay than others; so, when you 
have advanced somewhat in your studies, you 
can periiapsfind an oppcrtunily to leach in a 
district school, or to do some work which will 
leave more lime ior study. This is an impor- 
tant point for one who is considering whether 

or not he can afford an education. It i^ oneot 
the advant.iges of learning which shows itself 
almoRt from the outset. It does not require 
great advancement in the ordinarv studies to 
obtain a small position in some country school, 
where a great deal of time can be secured for 
study, and where the pay is large enough to 
cover ail necessary expenses of living. 

The fourth encouragement to one who is 
preparing for college under great difficulties is 
this : The college authorities recognize the fact 
that if a young man is thoroughly in earnest, 
even though not well fitted, he can generally 
keep up with his class if once admitted and 
set to work, and they make it a point to favor 
those who can give good evidence of having 
labored hard. 

Having once entered, no bright boy ever 
need leave college because he cannot keep up 
with the class. He has certain definite work 
for each day, and his fellow-students will 
gladly aid him in mastering difticulties. Be- 
fore long new studies are taken up, in which 
he is on equal footing with the others, and he 
then has more time to give to perfecting him- 
self in those in wliich he is defective.— £*. 

A Good War Slory. 

The lasl day of the fight I was badly 
wounded. A ball shattered my left leg I 
lay on the ground not far from Cemetery 
Ridge, and as Gen. Lee ordered his last re- 
treat he and his officers rode near me. As 
they came along I recognized him, and 
though faint from exposure and loss of blood, 
I rose upon my hands, looked Gen. Lee in 
the face, and shouted as loud as I could : 
' Hurrah for the Union! " The General heard 
me, looked, stopped bis horse, dismounted, 
and came toward me. I confess that I first 
thought that he meant to kill me. But as he 
came up he looked down at me with such a 
sad expression upon his face that all fear left me 
and I wondered what he was about. He ex- 
tended his hand to me, and grasping mine 
firmly, and looking right into my eyes, he 

" My son, I hope you will soon be well. 

If I live a thousand years I shall never 
torget the expression in Gen. Lee's face. 
There he was defeated, retiring from a field 
that had cosl him and his cause almost their 
last hope, and yet he stopped to say words 
like those to a woundel soldier of the opposi- 
tion who had taunted him as he passed by. 
As soon as the General had left me I cried 
myself to sleep on the bloody ground. 

— Chicago Ledger. 

Manners and Morals. 

Many an ardent and zealous young reformi 
says Hiirpcr's Bazur^ offends the very wor 
he is burning to reform -when he refuses 
meet it with some slight 
Holt, in George Eliot's slory, was willing 
die for the improvement of society, but co 



because they help us to make the world 
pleasanter, and thus render life easier to all 
around us, but also because they afford a key 
to those greater successes and usefulnesses for 
which all generous persons long. And their 
domain goes beyond this world; for if the ut- 
most saint makes himself personally repulsive 
he so far diminishes our desire to meet him in 
any land of pure delights. Miss Edgeworth 
says in "Helen "that any one who makes 
goodness disagreeable commits high treason 
against virtue; and I remember how elevated 
a doctrine it seemed to me when I heard one 
of my ignorant black sergeants say in a prayer 
I accidentally overheard: " Let me so live 
dat when I die I may hab manners, dat I may 
know what to say when I see my heabenly 

FE, and if you 
fact to your 

Carefully examine ihe Gazi 
find it palatable mention ll 
friends. Allow ihem lo look over your copy. 
By doing this you can help us wonderfully in 
swelling its already large and growing circu- 
lation. Put your shoulders to the wheel and 
help us push the faithful old missionary along. 

The Supplement, formerly of Buffalo, now 
of Detroit, is about the neatest and most inter- 
esting educational journal in existence. 



Chapter I.— Portraits and Sketches of Americ 

r III— Off-Hand Flourbhing ; Mi 
Movements; Exercises; German 
ag itlHttratiom. ^nottly full fa, 

ntottly/ull pagt 
ne : Materials for 

Chapter V.— How lo Prepare Specimens for PholO- 
;»vmg; Drawing Paper; The Best Ink ; Sizes ol 
iwings : While Ltiies ; Things to be Remembered. S3 


Vl.-Pen Letter 

;k Ink, No^ ; Aniline Black Inl 
Writing Ftu^d.^O. a"! India \vA 

Chapter VI.— Pei 
Inks ; Erase all Pencil Marks : Flourbhmg ; Alphaliets. i? 
fuU-fiagf pUiUi. nearly all of them complete alphabets. 

Chapter VII.— How to Mai 
fiUck Ink : Another Black Ink : C< 
delible Stencil Fl.^te Ink ; Exchequer Ink ; 
Brown Ink: Another Indelible Ink: Black ( 
Red Ink; Green Ink; " ' - - - 

Black Ink. No. 4 ; Bl: 

Carbon Ink: Drawing Ink ; Japan Ink; rarcnment ink; 
Self-Copyi:.g Ink, Black : French Copying Ink (very valu- 

CImc's Indestrli^ubfe Ink'!"RTd"lnk ; Brill ^m Re"d Ink;' 
Buchner's Carmine Ink ; Violet Copying Ink : Be.nutiful 
Blue Writing Fluid : Green Ink : Finest Green Ink m the 
World ; VelTow Ink ; Yellow Ink. No. a ; Yellow Ink. No. 
3 ; White Ink ; White Ink, No. a ; Cold Ink, No. a ; Finest 
Gold Ink; Silver Ink, No, i ; Pewter Ink ; Indelible Ink 
for Marking Linen ; Indelible Ink lor Marking Linen, No. 

PackageTI Ink for''M.irklng'paclages?No. a" Purple Mark- 

Sympathcl'i^/'nks^Bliic SympMhetii: "^Inks ■ Sympathetic 

SUncil fnk ;°Fnk for^Zinc'"L.-ibeU ,°PeAnanentlnk for^Writ- 
iiig in Relief on Zinc ; Mucibge ; To Write on Silver with 


VIII.- Selection 


for A 


The follo» 

mg ej(tracts~iv^ 

kllcn rKd 

cd will 



be mo. 


River, Conn. 



ntf offfCd floll^is 



R, Mass. 

4orth Fulloi 

is the best book c 

Ihc kind I c 

Frakk PtrrNAM. Point Chautaui 

"Am well 





News Co.. Albany, N.Y. 

•*I mnstsay 1 am more than pie: 
Guide. It is far beyond my expectations 

.by a 



. „ Llion of any per 

W. Hanson. Westfield. N.J, 

"The Glide meeU my bcitcxpcctaUons. It will be 

S'rMdJry,New"y«k°(filv."" ~ ' ' ""^ ' ' '' 

SPECIAI. OFKER.— To all old subscrib< 

k free of charge, and t 

K '^ the book ft-ee, a 


// (x «ify fy^Htitg-iifimemtefditiMi 

Orders for subscriptions should be addr 





Phonography t'n Chautauqua Uni 
[AddrrM I^ck I 

rlhnndtinca. %. Legal en- 
''"^•"ntng phonogniphv. i, 

7. Sbortlvind pcriodiciils 

—Do not 
purporting It 
liand that j< 

be lieceived hy advertisements 
6L-I1 books so Bimplifying short- 
HI ran master it in h'lx weeks. 

son having a copy of Marsh's 
onography for sale would confer 

r on Prof. Bridge to wiite t 

I, stating 


— Some of our contemporaries are becoming 
"funny" with ludicrous wood-cuts. Betle: 
attempt to rival Puck or Tfie Judge, good 

— Isaac Pitman has for years sought to pre- 
vent correspondence teaching of shorthand for 
pay, but remimcrated instruction grows rapid 
ly in England. 

— All readers of this departmetit are cor- 
dially invited to send us news items, questions, 
clippings reports of associations and other in- 
teresting matter. 

— Be thorough. A prin 
all words naturally coming 

:iple mastered till 
uider it can readi- 
profitable to you 
itood but not uti- 

— Two hour;,' a day study and practice this 
fall and winter will make you a good short- 
hander by spring, if the "root of the matter" is 
in you. 

—Mrs. E. B. Burnz of New York has not a 
set of her own publications, and scarce- 
ly any to sell. Persons having copies of her 
works to dispo)>e of are requested to communi- 
cate with Prof. Bridge. 

— One valuable aid lo personal enthusiasm 
in shorthand would be the securing as fast as 
possible of a library of shorthand works, papers, 
magazines and books in your si stem of short- 
hand— that one with which vou are most 

— Tlie recently elected ofliccrs of the Nev 
York State Phonographers' Association are 
President, W. O. W^ckoll', New York City 
Vice-Precidenl, George C. Appel, New YorV 
City; Secretary and Treasurer, William S 

promises to stay eight, ten. and even fou: 
months, constantly, at "so much a nioi 
Gigantic frauds were these professors. The 
true procedure is to pay a stipulated price for 
course of lessons thoroughly taught. 

—Many have asked if tlie lessons in short- 
hand in the Penman's Gazette are the : 
as Prof Bridge sends to pupils in his shorthand 
department of the Chautauqua University. Wi 
answer, No. The University course is vcrj 
fully and carefully matured, every point being 
made clear tothe pupil. The Gazette course 
is necessarily greatly condensed. 

— Our recent article on "Deep-Sea Dredg- 
ing" is going the rounds of the shorthand 
press. Good! It is inspiring to beginners in 
this art to think that if they master 100 words 
in the very best shorthand forms (word-si^ns 
and otherwise), Ihey will have learned at least 
one-half of all the words they will ever have 
to write in shorthand. Our readers will do 
wtll to re-read that article. 

— Phonographers should welcome any valu- 
able shorthand periodicals which give them 
reading matter in their oAn chosen system. 
\V3 most heartily commend Prof. Morris' 
forthcoming Mentor^ Ihc magazine to be pub- 

cleaning it frequi 
it out of dusty d 

( rder as far ispos>-ible by 
itiv — even regularly. Keep 
mghts; cover it on complet- 
ing your work; oil slightly working parts; do 
not allow children to "play" with it; tighten 
loose screws; examine tensions; caie as much 
for your machine as you would for a working 
hoise, and be sure thai neither will do good 
k without painstaking watchfulness. 

Don't 1 



ntempered mortar from 
at times young phonog- 

- Follow Ihesi 



practice of shorthand; i. 1 
form for the word desired. 2 
with painstaking 

r early study and 
hink out the best 
Write that form 
if it were to be 

ved from your own copy. 3. Then write 
that word, wiih increasing speed, five, ten, 
twenty or even fifty times, till great speed 11 
secured. 4. Join the word in simple phrases 
writing them with similar accuracy and repe. 
tition. Thus you will secure two essentials of 
shorthand writing — legibility and rapidity, 
Liite a war ot words is waging belv 
Herbert Ford of England and Isaac 

, Elir 

, -N. Y. 


sof photo-engraving employed 
in the reproduction of our sliorlliand "copy," 
as seen in the illuslralions in these papers, is 
not always equally good, as see the shorthand 
in the Septembec issue, which looked as 
though a ten-ton weight had fallen on the 

—The Morton type writing machine is now 
on the market. It is the invention of a practi- 
cal shorthand and typewriting expert, and 
claims special excellences, some of them as 
great superiorities over other machines. Send 
to the Horlon Typewriting Machine Company, 

, Out. 

lissionary, has 
just told u8 that he look up Graham's phonog- 
raphy and studied it without a teacher, so tial 
he might be aided in his work, and though he 
has never made a cent by it directly, it has 
been of inestimable iielp to him. Mullitudes 
could do the same, to their great self-improve- 

—Since Chautauqua, several pupils have 
begun courses in the "Chautauqua University 
School of Shorthand," Prof. W. D. Bridge 
Plaiiifield, N. J., Director,and many have sent 
for the new ciicular of the Shorthand Dejart- 
ment. Send stamp and secure a circularwhich 
has information which all seeking to study 
phonography should read. 

-Our obs( 

1 sho 

£ that the system 
ofchargingsomuch a month tuition in pho- 
nographic schools is a serious temptation to 
the conductors of said schools to keep tlie 
pupils as long a time as possible, that the tui- 
tion fee* n>aybe »he greater. We have known 
students to be enticed by various means and 


^Mid4myf ~ 




-5 x' L,. -" . ^^ . i-t^ • ^^'i, 




.k— t- 


hooks at the end of the same. Am I correct • 
Yes. I am pleased lo -iee that you see the 
element of "piinciple" running through short- 
hand, as it surely should in a correct system. 
We therefore have a large hook at the end of 
all curves, lo indicate the syllable "tion," and 
also on all straight strokes on the light hand 
fide at the end. looking from the end to the 
beginning. Please notice that this "tion" hook 
at the end is not on the same side of the 
straight strokes ihal the "n" hook is, for the 
reason that when straight strokes having a 
"tion" hook are to be joined with other strokes, 
the junction can be made much better if that 
hook is on the right hand side than if it were 
on the left (see plate i, section 2) : Fashion, 
vision, lotion, mission, nation, unction, Goshen, 
erasion, option, Bashan, Titian, addition, ma- 
gician, auction, Russian, Hessian. 

3. How do you make "plurals" of such 
words as have a "tion" hook.' To make 
"plurals" or add "s," follow the followin- 
rules: I. On curves having either an "n" 01 
"tion" hook write a small circle on the inside 
of these hooks. This rule applies lo curves 
Note this. 2. The same rule applies to tlit- 
"tion" hook on straight strokes, i.e., the addod 
"s" is indicated by a small circle written iiisii/, 
the "tion" hook at the end; but on straight 
strokes having an "n" hook the hook is made 
into n 

:ircle (see platt 

i, editic 


^3) = 

thins, thei 

assigns, shuns, lance, earns, 

dance, chance, joins, coins, gains, runs, hones, 
4. Will you give me a miscellaneous mix- 
ture of words with these two hooks, and let 
me see if I can read them.' Yes. (See plate 




iried 1 

words using Ihei 
I can rightly apply the rules given me to-( 
Yes. Cushions, rhine, swine, warren, mot 
inactions, nonce, imitation, moonbeam, 
away, canopy, vocation, negations, bou 
drains, trains, trance, prunes, thrones, shri 
aversion, Thracian, editions, Parisian, e 
tions, solution, revisions, ascension, Domi; 
ignition, demons, turns, trains, barrens. 

Learning Shortbainl. 

Any teacher of experience has m; 

ved s 



ishcd e 

raphy. Its date of publicat'o 

of phonog- 
be the 15th 

of each month; price, $2 a year. Address 
Prof. F.G. Morris, Easthamplon, Mass. 

—Dr. J. M. Buckley, edilor of the Ckrhfion 
Advocate, New York City, is probably one of 
the most rapid speakers on the American 
platform. In a recent series of lectures in 
Boston, Mr. James P. Bacon, one of our pupils, 
reported Mr. Buckley for seventy consecutive 
minutes, and on counting the words found that 
they averaged one hundred and seventy-nine 
a minule. How is that lor sjieed.' 

— The August number of the Shorthand 
Times, in a brief notice of Prof. Bridge's 
"New and Ralional System of Shorthand 
Numbers," says of it: "It could be easily 
masteied and put in practice," The editor 
then devotes one page of his magazine lo a 
suggestive extract from the woik itself, and 
presents a specimen examp'e of its use as ap- 
plied to ordinary accounts. Thanks, brother! 
-Because your typewriling machine gets 
of order, do not curse all machines, but re- 
member that not a machine now on the market 
but will show at times tlie "perverseness of 
machinery," and in most perplexing ways 
plague its operator. We do not know oi an 
ption to this rule. They all "do get out 
rder at limes." livery 'honest dealer in 
-writers will acknowledge this. But keep 

man, by reason of the criticisms of the foi mer 
upon the efficiency of the "certified shorthand 
teachers" who are commended to public favor 
by the latler. Otiier persons are being ad- 
milted lo the fray, and the capabilities of Eng- 
lish teachers of pupils in phonography are 
being very seriously criticised. There are few 
"certified" teachers of shorthand in these 
United Slates. 



u have 

been giv 

ng m 

e hooks at 




okes. A 

e hioks on 


ol s 

rokes V 

Yes. 1 

will call vou now 

fcliidv tl 

ese. F 

irst, there 

is a s 

mall hook 



of ever 

s stroke i 

1 Ihes 

ystem, writ 

, and on the left hand 

side of all straight strokes, looking I'r 
end to the begitming of such strokes (si 

I): Fine, 

there not 

special practical suggestions whicli will help 
me to learn shorthand? We have 
living before us, just received, making thad 
inquiry. We will most briefly reply : (1) NoW 
alt persons can learn shorthand. As sc 
people have no ear for discrimination 
sounds, cannot tell one note from aiiotl 
cannot see any difference between joon 
jewn, cannot except with utmost painstaking 
tell what are the Kounds composing anv give 
word— Ihey therefore seem to be devoid of a 
ability which is absolutely essential to sliorl- 
liand writing, according to phonographic prin- 

(2) Some 

What ougii 
The principli 




he dune if possible I will do. 
"shorthand are simple. There 
is no bugbear to frighten modest souls, 
step strongly taken, the next is simple 
be clearly, definitely explained, and the third, 
fourth, fifth, etc., arc not to be feared, 
be sure, determination to go through is an ab- 
solutely indispensable factor to secure success. 
(3) An especial need in the study oi short- 
hand is "reviewing" of principles, or in other 
words, a constant drilling. A mere seeing 
clearly the various individual principles of the 

.vill r 

t suflic 

shun, lii 

■, thin, then, assign, 
noon, longin', wine, 
down, chain, Jolin, 

yawn, pin, been, tun 
keen, gain, rain. hone. 

2. That is indeed simple. And now, as 
had a large hook at the beginning of strok 

linn is essential. Before studying the second 
lesson be sure to go over the first at least five 
times. Then before taking up any lesson, go 
most carefully and repcaledly over all the pre- 
ceding lessons, so that before you lake up ihe 
.entieth lesson there should be a full and 
ady review of the nineteen which preceded, 
'e cannot emphasize this too much. 
(4} The difliculties of individual pupils are 
by no means identical. What troubles one 
another sees intuitively. The latter fails 
where the first walks with courage. There- 
fore do not by any means assume similarity of 
tencliing as applicable to all. Bring out points 
of instruction as the characteristic difficultie 

nagine that you will also have large | present themselves. And here we should say 



that evcr^' pupil should be fre*: to express his 
diOiculties, doubts, and his hopeful TeclingK 
when tiiey come. 

(5) Put in immediate practice the knowledge 
acquired in each Ivssun. Begin to write as 
soon as possible. Early master the "word- 
signs." Begin to use these in every possible 
way. Copy lime and lime again the best 
phonography. Do not write tnticli matter, but 
the same mailer over and over till it can be 
written and read with the utmost freedom 
And this "tame matter ' to which we refer 
should be such as a qualified teacher has cor- 
rected after you have written it once, or which 
he has written for you as a "copy." 

Esprit de Corps. 

We have sometimes thought that a fault 
among American shorthand writers is a lack 
of a lively tsprit dc torps. There has seem- 
ingly been a seeking after the "mighty dol- 
lar," rather than a glorious and hearty further- 
ance of the "cause" itself. "Will shorlhand 
pay ?" seems to be the'query ; not, "Is there not 
enough in these mystic strokes, loops and cir- 
cles to bring fraternity?" 

From our German exchanges wc find that 
in the Fatherland there is an immense suctal 
side to the phonographic brotherhood. The 
monthly, semi-monthly and of\en weekly 
meetings are full of good cheer. Clannislmess 
is tabooed ; no select coteries are formed. 
"The more, the merrier," is the molto. An 
ambition to spread the art all over the land 
seems to rule the body of stenographers. 
Hence Gabclsberger, Stoize and Arends 
writers are full of cspril de rofps to carry the 
good news into the regions beyond, 

llow is it with us? The thought of many 
seemstobethuswise; If I increase the num- 
ber of students of shorthand, the market will 
be overstocked, and prices %vill tumble, and I 
shall suffer in pocket. The great thought 
seems largely overlooked that the art should 
be cultivated for itself and not for monetary 
considerations. Shorthand should be esteemed 
for esthetic purposes more than for financial. 
It should, if properly studied, create an enthus- 
iasm in the pupil when he sees or uses the art. 
We greatly regret that the good old system of 
"Ever circulators" went out of fashion. They 
were the best aids to development of Bocial 
fellowshp and enthusiasm that we have seen. 
Of them we shall write more hereafter. 

Mark's Ticws. 

" Literature, like the ministry, medicine, 
the law, and other occupations, is cramped 
and hindered for want of men to do the work, 
not want of work to do. When people tell 
you the reverse they speak that which is not 
true. If you desire to test this you need only 
hunt up a first-class editor, reporter, business 
manager, foreman of a shop, mechanic, or 
artist in any b'anch of industry, and try to hire 
him. You will find that he is already hired. 
He is sober, industrious, capable and reliable, 
and is always in demand. He cannot get a 
day's holiday except by courtesy of his em- 
ployer, or of his city, Or of the great general 
public. But if you need idlers, shirkers, half- 
instructed, unambitious and comfort seeking 
editors, reporters, lawyers, doctors and mechan- 
ics, apply anywhere. 

" The young literary aspirant is a very, very 
curious creature. He knows that if he wished 
to becuhie a tinner the master smith would 
require Iuth to prove the possession of a good 
character, and would require him to promise 
to stay in the shop three years — possibly four 
— and would make him sweep out and bring 
water and build fires all the first year, and let 
him learn to black stoves in the intervals. Ii 
he wanted to become a mechanic of any 
other kind, he would have to undergo this 
same tedious, ill. paid apprenticeship. If he 
wanted to become a lawyer or a doctor, he 
would have to do fifty times worse, for he 
wouJd get nothing at all during his long ap- 
prenticeship, and in addition, would have to 
pay a large sum for tuition and have the privi- 
lege of boarding and clothing himself. The 
literary aspirant knows all this, and yet he 
has the hardihood to present himself for re- 
ception into the literary guild and to ask to 
hhare its high honors and emoluments with- 

out a single twelve months' apprenticeship to 
show in excuse for his presumption. 

"He would smile pleasantly if he were asked 
even to make so simple a thing as a ten- 
cent dipper without previous instruction in the 
art; but, all green and ignorant, wordy, pom- 
pously assertive, ungrammalical, and with a 
vague, distorted knowledge of men and the 
world, acquired in a back country village, he 
will serenely take up so dangerous a weapon 
as a pen and attack the most formidable sub- 
ject that finance, commerce, war or politics 
can furnish withal. It would be laugha- 
ble if it were not so sad and so pitiable. The 
poor fellow would not intrude upon the tin- 
shop M'ithout an apprenticeship, but is willing 
to seize and wield with unpracticed hand an 
instrument which is able to overthrow dynas- 
ties, cliange religions, and decree the weal or 

Pensire Reminiscences. 

" Look into thine own heart, and write," is 
the advice of some literary philanthropist to 
aspiring genius. That is precisely what I pro- 

following facts are presented for the first time 
to an expectant public-. 

In speaking of great writers, it was not my 
intention to limit the meaning of the word to 
authors alone, but to include penmen — other 
great penmen — and some of them as modest 
as myself. 

My career as a penman covers a period of 
twelve years. During that time I have given 
as many as twelve lessons in penmanship to 
as many as fifteen pupils, nearly all of whom 
survived. Those pupils have passed out 
of my observation, and nearly all out of 
my recollection. But one of them I shall 
never forget. She was a tall, loosely-construct- 
ed young woman, in the semi-angular style, 
and her handwriting would make an Egyptian 
mummy turn green with envy. She was my 
most faithlul pupil. She had looked into her 
own heart. She also extended to me the same 
privilege. But she could not be made to see 
clearly that there was any essential difference 
between a capital stem and an unmitigated 
pot-hook. It became necessary to hold her 
hand, and guide and restrain its erratic mi 
ments. Under these conditions she w 
fluently. But when her anxious instru 
lingered more or less attentively over the desk 

'r.z,-^m-^:^vp^i. L>V 

stated above has often been taken quite liter- 
ally,andin thelanguageof the vulgar, "worked 
for all there is in it." To the would-be 
writer, with pen poised irresolutely, and with 
eyes in a fine frenzy rolling, from heaven to 
earth and back to heaven again in search of an 
idea, the counsel of the 1. p. comes like a price- 
less boon. He immediately turns his eyes in 
on his cardiac system, and then turns them 
loose upon the virgin page, until the first per. 
sonal pronouns are thick as autumn leaves in 
Vallambrosa, and all the I boxes, from the long 
pica Roman to the nonpareil Chinese con- 
densed, are as empty as the vault of a widows' 
and orphans' savings bank. It is all very well 
to examine the heart from time to lime, to be 
sure that the ventricles and auricles are all 
theie, and to grind the valves down to a joint 
in case they get to leaking. No one objects 
to that. But how the compositor must suffer, 
who, in an unguarded moment, takes to his 
case an article by one of these heart-gazers, 
and finds himself obliged to make up for the 
lack of I's by a judicious use of figure I's and 

But this is all a part of my malicious design 

Like nearly all other great writers, modesty 
has for a long lime kept me in the background. 
And il is with coy reluctance, and only under 
the pressure of a stern sense of duty, that the 

of the girl with brick -dust hair, shades of Spen- 
cer and Gaskell! how she slew the alphabet! 
About the same time, I finished my first 
Great Work of Art, and exhibited it at the 
County Fair. There were really two Great 
Works, One was the alphabet, in large and 
flowing capitals, and the other was a compos- 
ite piece in the Queen Anne style. The cen, 
ter of this latter was an elaborate effort in 
scroll-work, representing a mythological bird 
of paradise on the wing, hastening to its nest 
with a beakful of flourishes for its himgry 
offspring. Around the sides were cards bear- 
ing more or less poetic names on more or less 
fantastic scrolls, as the case may be, and 
probably is. One of these was the real name 
of a real lawyer. His writing would etopa 
street car, and his signature looked like the 
traces left bv an able bodied fly in a life and 
death struggle with the ink bottle. I tried 
faithfully to forge that signature, that I might 
exhibit it as a horrible example, and flattered 
myself that I had succeeded. And a woman 
looked at that Work of Art, saw the hypothet 
ical bird, the problematic scrolls, the impossible 
folinge and the ideal names, and, though a 
total stranger to the man, admired nothing 
but the name of that lawyer. 

My Great Work encountered no competitor at 
the Fair, but the judges declined to aw.ird me 
a premium, all the same. The Chief-Justice 

explained quite cheerfully that there were a 
dozen men in the county who could wfilc bet- 
ter than that. I transfixed him with a piercing 
glance, and in due time held the Agricultural 
Society's check for $1,50. The frame cost 
$'■35. ""<! the stationery used and ruined, 40 
cents. When we moved the first lime, my 
young wife felt constrained to ask if I were 
going to hang thai thing up again! 

Since finishing my masterpiece, my chiro- 
graphic efforts have been more or less varied 
and interesting. My signature has been inuch 
admired, though a good many people who 
hold it express a willingness to exchange it for 
the cold and inartistic signature of Treasurer 
Jordan. My reputation as an accomplished 
filler out of diplomas for sweet girl graduates 
threatened at the time to make me quite 
wealthy, but the threat was not fulfilled. In 
former years when at the zenith of my fame, 
lovely ladies often sought my hand. They 
wanted it to inscribe tlieir lovely names on 
decks of cards. Perhaps they are not usually 
called decks. When completed, the gentle 
creatures would almost always thank me, 
though sometimes they omitted even this. 
But they generally furnished the cards. After 
practising the muscular movement (or two 
hours to get the divine sweep and roll, and 
destroying a quireof legal cap paper, and after 
having written a long name on fifty cards in 
eleven different styles, a polite "Thank you" 
beats nothing all to death, as Milton (or is it 
Walt Whitman.') so truthfully and feelingly 
remarks. I remember that in one case I was 
engaged lo write the cards for the farewell 
calls of a )'Oung lady of whom I was quite 
fond, though I had allowed concealment like 
a worm, etc. My impression isthatshe thanked 
me for the work, though I am not certain 
of that. There were about five hundred invi- 
tations issued for her wedding, I did not go, 
I explained to my friends that I was not feel- 
ing well, but if I know my own heart, that 
was not the reason. I never fell better. There 

It is nice to be a great writer, and have ad- 
mit ing multitudes lean over your shoulder 
and read all your secret thoughts. But there 
have been circumstances in which I could have 
wished to be able trulhfully to echo the em- 
phatic lie of a voluble Englishman deploring 
the invention of the typewriter: "Thank 
God, I can't write!" 

Phil I. Stinb. 

A Mother's Letter. 

Here amid a heap of business communica- 
tions is a feebly traced superscription which 
rivets our attention. We lose sight of the busy 
world around, and lor the lime become lost in 
those tremulously traced pictures of home and 
love. In those clearly delineated scenes, we 
stroll with her through wooded lane. Wc 
listen to those dear words of maternal affection, ' 
which fall upon our ear like the gentle mur-- 
mur of a low fountain stealing forth in the 
midst of roses. Like the soft, sweet accents 
of a guardian angel's whisper, which comes 
like soft sunshine stealing through the world's 
frowns and warming our souls into glowing 
love, those truthful portrayals of our ruittic 
homes make us children again. We are led 
again by her feeble hand across meadow and 
over rustic roads. We sit again with brothers 
and sisters around the glowing log fires and 
listen to the quaint old fairy stories. We love 
these letters, why? Because we know the 
heart that prompted them. They are pure 
gold. No alloy of false flattery or policy. No 
tinge of art, but the pure, spontaneous flow of 
a heart's deepest anxiety, an expression of love 
as natural as theembraciiig sunbeams chastely 
caressing the flowers of the field. Those lines 
are tremulous, but they are to us the crystal- 
ized vibrations of the soul's harp. The 
footsteps of aflection. The cable lines which 
carry memory across the oceans of experience 
back to the shores of infancy. Tlu' diary of 

boyish liappinei 
which for the tii 
of all skepticisi 
noblest impulse 

The wonderful agency 
at least cleanses our hearts 
and guile, and fills it with 
Which makes us better 
sense, by giving us higher 
resolutions, and a higher 
grandeur of tauth. 

Teachers should spend less time in cultival- 
ig the memory, and more in developing the 
masoning ^owKX^.— Ccnlnd Hihool yournat. 



'Necessary Ignorance ' 



We iiet'dlo arrive; 

subject of ignorance — necessary ignorance, 

I )iave never seen this Bubject brought for- 
ward ; it may be my inisifortune, but I have 
not. Yet n clear perception of necessary ig- 
norance is the very foundation stone of true 
education. Few would claim omniscience, but 
all assume it. Omniscience 1ms to be given up. 
As an illustration, let me draw your atten- 
tion lo the fact that there are about one thou- 
sand definite languages in the world, A re- 
sonably good knowledge of five of these would 
be considered no mean attainment. To be a 
good Greek and Latin scholar, and a thorough 
speaker of German and French, in addition lo 
our own language, would be considered satis- 
factory. But, what becomes of the nine hun- 
dred and ninety-five which we know nothing 
about? Nine hundred and ninety-five un- 
known, to five known. 

If this compulsory ignorance 'meets us in 
one subject only, what becomes of the knowl- 
edge hunt as the be-all and end all of educa- 

Why, not a letter is written to the papers, 
not a " Reformer'' speaks, who does not toss 
into the fichoul-caldron some half-dozen new 
indispensable subjects, every one of them with 
their thousand variations. They might just as 
well demonstrate that the fee-simple of six 
new planets was necessary to a schoolboy. 

The idolatry of knowledge must perish, or 
education cannot begin. 

A clear perception of necessary ignorance 
must become ordiiiary stock-in-trade, or mental 
bankruptcy will tonti 

The Persian defined his view of education 
three words — riding, shooting, truth. And 
belter definition will ever be given, if we 
le it as a type, and interpiet it. 

iterpretalion is simple. The Persian 
nted practical skill, and perfect heart-power, 
•r what had a Persian to deal with? He had 
deal with warfare against wild beasts, war- 
e against warlike men, and honor in his 
me. Their work was summed up in this; 


They trained for it. Activity, skill, hardi- 
hood, fearless contempt of death, fearless up- 
holding of truth, summed up their idea of 
training. And it gave them the empire of the 

And the Persian was right. Nature— the 
laws of the world, lay down the main track as 
long as the world lasts. 

Noble character comes first— truth. The 
training of skill and strength comes next. 

Noble character is trained by noble example 
of life, whether in word or deed, and by honest 
surroundings, whether in word or deed. 

As regards the actual work itself, a selec- 
tion should he made on natural principles of 
growth, and obedience to laws of nature. 

The main needs of life, and the main facts 
of life, are the same for high and low alike. 
All speak a language. Everything in the 
world passes through language. Not lo clear 
the language pipe is simple insanity. Clear 
and widen the language-pipe first. 

I am Inclined to go on by rescuing from a 
misuse, which has done much harm, an old 
pioverb, and by changing one word in it, 
make it a working definition of perfect educa- 
tion on the knowledge side. 

The perfectly educated will be jack-ofall- 


nd ma: 


"Master of one'' — because there is no train- 
ing in a smattering easily got by an active 
mind, "Jack-of.all.trades" — because no man 
can work hard all day, and there is infinite 
pleasure and profit in picking up everything 
worth having, 

"Nfaster of one." Because, in the infinity of 
subje*.ls, the wilderness, the jungle of rival ig- 
norances, no sirong, calm, great character can 
gain its strength, ctcepling by being pressed 
to ihc utmost limit of its power by the fierce 
demand for perfection that every great subject 
makes on him who gets far enough to know 
what trying to be perfect means. Every good 
runner knows this fierce demand of the last 

"Jack-ofall," Because the active brain can- 
not be on strain always, and yet, being active, 
will be occupied. And men can gather flow- 
ers, and know them, without being gardeners; 

men can buy in the market without being 
metchanls; and thus, in a properly managed 
scheme, a thousand jnck-of-all-trade pursuits 
come in naturally, to underpin the main work, 
supplement it, give it a finish and ornament, 
and find pleasure for unprofessional hours. 

Wanted, A Kcading' Public. 

This is what the publishers say is needed — 
that is, seriouii readers, those who care enough 
about l>ooks lo buy them, own them, and really 
possess themselves of their contents.- That is 
what the writers say is needed— the writers 
who are becoming almost more numerous 
Miaii the readers. Nearly everybody writes 
for publication ; it is impossible lo provide ve- 
hicles enough for their contributions, and the 
reading public to sustain periodicals does not 
increase in proportion. Everybody agrees 
that this is the most 
age that ever was, and in its way the most pro- 
lific and productive age. Is there a glut and 
overproduction in the literaiy world as well as 
in otiier departments? Isn't it an odd out- 
come of diffused education and of cheap pub- 
lications, the decline in the habit of continuous 
serious reading? We have heard a great deal, 
since Lord Brougham's time and the societies 
for the diffusion of knowledge, of the dcfira- 
hility ol cheap literature for the masses. 
The Congressmen place cheapness above hon- 

1 thei 



the American people. There is no product 
that men use which is now so cheap as news- 
papers, periodicals and books. For the price 
of a box of strawberries or a banana you can 
buy the immortal work of the greatest genius 
of all time in fiction, poetry, philosophy or 
science. But we doubt if the class that were 
to be specially benefited by this reduction in 
price of intellectual food are much profited. 
Of course some avail themselves of things 
placed within their reach wh ch they could not 
own formerly, but it remains true that people 
value and profit only by that which it cost 
some effort to obtain. Wc very much doubt 
if the iTiass of the people have as good habits 
of reading as they had when publications were 
dearer. Who is it who buy the five, ten 
and twenty cent editions? Generally those 
who could afford to buy, and did buy, books at 
a fair price, to ihe remuneration of author 
and publi^her. And their serious reading 
habit has gone down with the price. We have 
an increasing leisure class. Wlien does it 
read? Not much in the winter, for the de- 
mands of society are too exigent then. For 
private reading there is no time, and a short-cut 
to information is sought by means of drawing- 
room lectures and clubs, which are supposed 
to give to social life, without interfering with 
it, a lacquer of culture. In summer it is im- 
possible to read much; what is called the mind 
needs rest by that time, and the distractions of 
outdoor 1 fe in the mountains and by ihe sea 
forbid anything but Ihe most desultory skim- 
ming of the very lightest products of the press. 
To be sure.the angel of the Atlanticocean sees a 
row of pretty girls on the coast seated on 
rocks or in the sand, all the way from Campo 
Bello to Cape May, with novels in their hands 
— one of the most pleasing imitationsof intel- 
lectual life ever presented in the world. It is 
perfect when there is breeze enough to turn 
over the leaves. And the young men, those 
who are in business, or who are supposed to 
be getting a more or less "conditional" educa- 
tion — do they read as much as the young ladies? 
It is a curious comment on the decay of the 
reading habit in households, the blank literary 
condition of the young men who come up to 
the high schools and colleges. 

Now we are not trying to defend the neces- 
sity of reading. They say that people got on 
in the Middle Ages very well without much 
of it, and that the women then were as agree- 
able, and the men as brave and forceful, as in 
this age. But it is certainly interesting to con. 
sider whether by reason of cheap and chopped- 
up literary tbod, we are coming round prac- 
tically to the Middle Ages relative to i eading ; 
that is, the reading axything except what Is 
called news, or ingenious sorts of inventions 
and puzzles which can he talked .ibout as odd 
incidents in daily life are talked about. Rend 
ing to any intellectual purpose requires patience 
and abstraction, and continuity of thought 
This habit of real reading is not acquired by the 
perusal of the newspapers, nor by the swift 
dash which most people give to the cheap 

publications which are had for the picking up, 
and usually valued accordingly. It is an open 
question whether cheap literature is helping 
us any toward becoming a thoughtful and 
reading people. — Ckarks Dudley Warner in 
Harper's Mairazine for October. 


"As is the teacher, so is the school," has well 
nigh become a truism. It is not the school's 
location, its rooms, apparatus and library, its 
advertising and patronage that determine its 
merits, but the quality of its teachers. This 
holds true of every school, regardless of the 
field it essays to occupy. Teachers no longer 
hope to discover a substitute for their own 
shortcomings. On the contrary, Ihey find 
themselves carried along irresistibly by the de- 
sire lo achieve the uttermost in man-develop- 
ment. This age is not satisfied with the 
teacher of one idea, but must and will have 
Ihe teacher of many ideas. To be more spe- 
cific, it is not sufficient for a teacher of the 
graphic arts lo be skilled in his owii little 
world. He must know other worlds than his 
own. For example, the so-called pen artist, 
who perhaps wields the quill with such grace 
and precision as would astonish the gods, can 
no longer aflbid to murder the king's Eng- 
lish, and confess himself an ignoramus in all 
things save one. It is hoped that the fact may 
be generally recognized by the Ihousands of 
young people who are daily devoting many 
precious hours to the mastering of an art they 
trust is to be their means of gaining a liveli- 
hood. The coming professional penman must 
not be one-sided and narrow in his develop- 
inent, but he must be broad and deep in his 
culture. For such, the field is indeed rich 
and fruitful. 

As a means of mental culture, much is said 
nowaday s about the relative value of the 
languages and the sciences as a means of 
menial culture. The discussion indicates that 
mind-discipline is an important factor in mod- 
ern education. Utility does not furnish the 
sole means of determining whi>t studies shall 
have a place in our schools of this practical 
age. It is to be feared, however, that teachers 
of penmanship have too frequently lost sight 
of the mental discipline which should be in- 
volved in successfully presenting so simple a 
subject as writing. It is not too much to say 
that the will and every power of the intellect, 
and even some of the emotions, can be trained 
by the thoughtful teacher of penmanship. In 
proportion as the pupil acquires the power of 
attention, he progresses, under judicious guid- 
ance, in making his hand the willing servant 
of his brain. Just so far as the learner fails in 
attention — that is, fails in having the mind di- 
rect the movement of fingers, hand and arm — 
just so far he scribbles and squanders his men- 
tal energy. This want of attention is the 
greatest obstacle in every department of physi- 
cal training. The leainer who has the capaci- 
ty to continuously command his hand will, if 
he desires, almost invariably make rapid prog- 
ress in any of the manual arts. The teacher 
can usually lead the pupil to recognize this 
fact, and having once done this, the royal 
road — for there is one — presents itself. Under 
this mental ride, the mind commanding the 
hand, the servant comes to act automatically, 
the muscles seem to have memorized their in- 
structions and know only to describe lines of 
beauty. This training of the attention actually 
invcilves mind development, and will give 
new power for overcoming difficulties in other 
fields of labor. 

\Tobe CoH/inHed.] 

Peuiuauship ou the Road— Will it Pay J 

Will it pay, is the first question asked regard- 
ing any calling, and the answer as applied to 
itinerant teaching could be given, yes or no, 
all in one breath, and both hit the mark. 

It would perhaps be better answered by say- 
ing, That depends on whether 



You can teach. 

If you cannot write, prepare yourself in that 
by attending some good penmanship institute, 
and I might say here, go lo Ihe best, and the 
best does not always mean the cheapest. Go 

where you will not only gain ability lo write, 
but teaching power, love for the work, and an 
enthusiasm that will carry you through one 

When you have prepared yourself as a 
wri'cr, then you are ready to try your ability 
as an organizer of classes. 

The ability to write is no assurance that you 
can organize classes; it will help you, and see 
to it that you make it help organize. 

How well it pays on the start depends on 
how well you can organize. We will say you 
■wUh to devote your entire time to the work. 
Then organize three classes, each class to 
meet two nights per week. Tuition $i per 
scholar for a term of ten lessons. 

Say you organize one class of fifteen pupils, 
one of twenty, and another of twenty five. 
This will give you $6o for a little over five 
weeks' work, counting nights of organizing. 

You might at times not do more than half 
as well, and at times you might jioisihly 
double it. It has been done, but we will say 
this is near the average for classes in the 
country where you are to do your first work. 

Your expenses in the country need not ex- 
ceed $3 per week all told, and if you manage 
rightly they can be made much less— as low 
as $1 per week, and even less if you can find 
soinething to do during the day, or an oppor- 
tunity to give private lessons enough to pay 

But if your receipts are $6o, and your ex-- 
penses $20, $40 cleared in six weeks ought to 
satisfy you to start with, as I venture to say it 
will, and if your classes have been well taught 
you will have no trouble in getting a second 
term, and perhaps larger classes than before. 

How to organize, I will speak of that next 
time. A. E, Parsons. 

mUou Jnudion, /,t.,Sept. 16, tSS6. 

Letter from a Father to n Son. 

I see by your picture that you have got <; 
of them pleated coats, with a belt around 
and short pants. They make you look as y 
did when I used to s ank you in years gc 
by, and I feel the same desire to do it now tl 
I did then. Old and feeble as I am, it see 
to me as though I could spank a boy that 
wears knickerbocker pants buttoned on a 
ibaldi waist, and a pleated jacket. 

If it wasn't for them cute little camel's hair 
whisker-s of yours I would not believe 
you had grown up to be a large, exper 
boy, with grown-up thoughts. Some of the j 
thoughts you express in your letters art 
beyond your years. Do }Ou think them your-1 
self, or is there some boy in the school that 1 
thinks all Ihe thoughts for the rest? 

Some of your letters are so deep that your 
mother and I can hardly grapple with them. 
One of them especially was so full of foreign 
words that you had got out of a bill of fare, 
thai we will have to wait till you come home 
before we take it in. I can talk a little Chip- 
pewa, but that is all the foreign language that 
I am familiar with. When I was yomig we 
had to get our foreign languages the best we 
could, BO I studied Cliippewa with a master. 
A Chippewa chief took me into his camp and 
kept me there for some time while I acquired 
his language. He became so much attached 
to me that I had great difBcuIty in coming 

I wish you would write in United States 
dialect as much as possible, and not try to 
paralyze your parents with imported ex- 
pressions that come too high for poor people. 

Remember that you are the only boy we've 
got, and we are only going through the mo- 
tions of living here for your sake. For us the 
day is wearing out, and it is now way along 
into the shank of the evening. All wc ask of 
you is to improve upon the old people. You 
can see where I fooled myself, and you can do 
better. Read and write and sifer and polo, 
and get nowledge, and try not lo be ashamed 
of your uncultivated parents. 

When you get that checkered little sawed, 
oft' coal on and a pair of knee panties, and 
that polka-dot neck-lie, and the sassy little 
boys holler " rats " when you passby.and your 
heart is bowed down, remember that, no mat- 
ter how foolish you may look, your patents 
will never sour on you. — Exchange. 


— We have a brief, but finely written leiter 
from Prof. 11. W. Fllckinger this month. 

—J. P. Regan favors us with some of his 
beautiful penmanship. His work is first-cla^s. 

—We had a letter from that wonderful little 
artist, Jos. Focller of Jersey Cilv, last month. 

-E. A. Palei 

D. T, 

Compendium disciple, and a good, free writer. 

— C. Beck, Waukegan, III., favors the Ga- 
ZKiTK with a club and some of his bold slj'Ie 
of writing. 

— E. L. Burnett of Providence, R. I., favors 
lis with two letters written in his native Gre- 
cian dialect. 

— H. W. Quaintance, Aledo, 111., occasion- 
he Gazrtte samples of his (ree 




— Prof. Geo. E. Little, teacher of dra 
Wasliinyton, D. C. paid the Gaze 
pleasant call last month. 

— W. D. Showalter, penman 
Business College, Dubuque, low 
skill with good ideas. 

— Wc have jus-t received a well 
ter from M. B. Moore, Morgan, K 
flourishing skill is remarkable. 

— E. L. Brown, Rockport, Me., is one 
the Compendium boys, as the life and fre 
dom of his writing will testify. 

— Did it ever occur to you that Madara 
combines more accuracy, beauty and Hie 
his work than any penman living.* 

— W. J. Kinsley of Shenandoah, Iowa, 
one among the wide-awake penmen of that 
Slate. His writing is clear and full of life. 

— W. W. Bennett is attracting much attei 
tion «ith his graceful pen at the Chicago E? 
po> iiion of evenings, where he is in charge of 
Bryant's department 

— E. M. Barber, Chandler, Mich, one or 
Bro. Isaacs' pupils, writes us a neat leiter, and 
sends the Gazette a beautifully executed 
motto, which will no doubt appear. 

— Prof. A. P. Root is doing some superiiir 
commonsense teaching in Bryant's Chicago 
Business College. I le is chuck full of the right 
kind of enthusiasm for good leaching, 

— Notwithstanding Spring's disappearance 
from Dallas, A. E. Peck still exists in that 
thriving city, and pushes his pen wilh more 
skill than ever. He is one of the C. G. cf H. 

— Jno. P. ByrneofWconsQcket.R. I , comes 
to the front in his writing. His letters are 
full, clear, and tolerably accurate. He speaks 
words of highest praise for the Compendium. 

— H. P. Behrensmeyer of Quincy, III , sends 
the Gazette specimens of his skill in the 
shape of a letter and neatly flourished whip- 
poorwill languidly lounging in her hair-lined 

—In order to fully appreciate a well trained 
muscular movement, you should stand by the 
desk of the clever-handed D. B. Williams who 
wields his graceful pen for Bryant's College, 

—We are glad to note the improvement in 
B. P. Pickens' work. His birds seem to be 
arousing from their slumbering appearance. 
We notice they shike a better chirping atti- 
tudi-. They have quit carrying their under- 
lips in a sling. 

— T. J. Miller, Shousetown, Pa., writes us 
a letter in a splendid running hand. He 
says he's a well-driver. We should say he 
drives n double team since he drives a pen 
with such skill. 

superior to anylhiug of ihe kind 
:. Bro. Palmer is filling up about 
hall for normal penmanf^hij) wc 


P/ahi T.sli; Brooklyn, shakes the Gazette 
up a little each month with ils jolly earth- 

Booi- Clmt, New York, gives in brief about 
everything that is being done in the field of 

The Ohio Business University favored us 
with a copy of the Ohio Bitfiness Itcz-tr-.v for 

D. L. Mnssclman sends us a bright and 
lively eight-page sheet, bearing the title of 
<iem City Jonninl. 

In anticipation of low mercury during the 
coining winter the fVesterii Penman has 
donned a new overcoat. The September num- 
ber sparkles with bright thought The Ga/ 
ETTE can see, through much of its finely 
woven rhetoric, S. H. Goodyear assisting at Ihe 

Sadler's Commercial Akithmetic School 
Edition, is 8peti«lly prepared fm- the use of 
common schools, and embraces the best meth- 
ods of compulation as taught in the business 
colleges and practiced in business houses. It 
teaches pupils Ihe style of arithmetic they will 
need— no more and no less— when they step 
from the schoohoom into Ihe world. 

It is a "new" Arithmetic— not only wilh 
reference to Ihe tiiiir of its publication, but also 
as regards Ihe quality of its contents; and 
unlike many things that are simply "new," 
every departure from the older methods will 
be found a decided improvement, simplifying 
the subject, and bringing it more within the 
comprehension of the pupil. 

The authors are connected with one of the 
most successful business schools in the United 
Slates ai'l a''e specialists in arithmetic. They 
herefore qualified to decide what is most 

cticil and practicable in . 


irk of this 

. E. Dei 
■ Pearce' 

nis is showing the boys and 
Philadelphia College how to 

tlie pen in a busi 

about the best we have ever wiln^'ssed. 

— We- dropped in on Goodyear & Palmer 
of Cedar Rapids, la., a few days since, and 
found these two plucky gentlemen hard at 
work in their well-equipped business school. 
Prof. Goodyear, in addition to his extensive 
school dmies, is constantly publishing new 
textbooks which are having a wide sale all 
over the West. His new system of actual 

— A. H. S., Harrold Dak. Y. 
wriiing entirely too much. Pia, 
exrrcise lightly until vou can 
strokes as fine as up strokes. 

— IXT. G. H,Fairview. O. 
cision in your movement; don 
l^ops quite so much. You c; 
good writer by devoting more I 
ment drills. 

— R. L. C. Plainfield, N. H. 
Bridge of Plainfield, N. J., is j 
structor in shorthand. The Gazette contains 
his lessons each month. Hundreds are learn- 
ing from these lessons without a personal 

make dow 

Prof. W. D, 

. superior in- 

— B. R. Phila. Yes, 
work and do all we can 
your practice. Go to m 
copy-slip No. 

Work c 


ire will criticise your 
o help you along in 

until you can make 

-Joe M., Joliet, 111. We notice a te Hous 
and labored air about your writing, which was 
doubtless brought on by excess of the bracelet 
wearing habit. No doubt the light falling as 
it does in squares on your desk is very imper- 
fect. We prefer the soft light from ground 
glass to that strained through cumbersome 
iron grating. 

—A. N. P., Cedar Rapids, Iowa. No. we 
are not in favor of introducing the chin rest 
in writing-classes. A small ottoman placed 
on the desk immediately under the pupil's 
voice will serve the purpose in cases where 
the rest is unavoidable. You may still say 

"Give ufi a rest." Smoking Chinese Havan- 

as may strengthen your breath, but it will 

tend to weaken your nerves. We do not 

know whether Pcirce is cross-eyed or not. 

— L. M., New York. Your writing is fair for 
a boy of your age. Couldn't you use ink to 


good advantage as glue ii 
ish you success, but v 
a little disagreeable I 
eet in December. 

yoiu' card wo 
uuld say you ' 

G. W. M., Delaware, O. The linglfng sen- 
m in your arm is brought on by writing 
e hundred words per minute. You should 

guard against such rashness; it is liable to 

bring on Saint Vitus' Dance. 

-J. L. D., Stetline, III. Put more force in 

your movement. Practice the ovals until you 
make them with a regular, easy inolion. 

The above cuts represent the 
and fac-simile autograph of E. W. Richardson 
of Horse Cave, Ky. He wields his pen wilh 
as much grace and skill as any young writer 
in Kentucky. Not only does he write a free 
and forcible style, but possesses the rare facul- 
ty of imparting it to others. Like so many 
of our best business writers he acquired his 
style through the aid of Gaskell's Compen- . 
dium. He says he owes all his success as a | 
penman 1o the Compendium's teachings, 

New Fat lis- 

Every business man, says a shrewd observer 
in a recent paper, should endeavor, in the 
form and method of his advertisini;, as well as 
in the transaction of his business, to imp.ove 
round him, to origitiate 
•thods^ and not be content 
I the most intelligent and 

upon what he sees i 
«(•:(' ultas and »civ in, 
servilely to copy ever 
prosperous of his cor 
In this way only 
complete merchant, 

:an he be a whole and 
hose business funda- 
mentally is to strike out nc-.v paths and new 
ventures. The well-trodden ways o( business 
are always full of a satisfied multitude, or if 
not a satisfied, an incompetent multilude, 
plodding like those around them, wiLii just 
enough profit to keep body and .soul together, 
often slipping down in involvencv and run 
ng again, till death kleps in, 
and Hith one blow ends bo'.h Ihe life and busi 
ncss together. 

turned toward the future, and not the past. 

publi-hed complete in a single 
volume; and for the convenience of the lower ■ 
classes of graded schools, the first part of the ' 
complete edition, extending to percentage, is 
published separately. Both editions are pub 
lished with and without answers. When not 
otherwise ordered, the edition with answers , 
is always forwarded. Retail prices: I 

Complete edition - . - $i oo. 

Parti, ;o. 

"Barnes' National System of Penman 
SHIP." The publishers claim these book: 
the best ever made in th 

lowing reasons: They contain a practical _ __^ 
tern which, after being Itarned, will not prove explored, its dark: 
too difticult for business purposes. Pupils who be appreciated or 
use Ihese books will write in a free, yiaceful "^''"■■''' cu 
. , °, he whose 

Are You Going to Tfeif Orleans or Flor- 
ida 2 

If so, you can go via the Monon* Route via 
Louisville or Cincinnati, and see the Mammoth 
Cave, Nashville, Blount Springs, Birming- 
ham, Montgomery, Mobile, and the Gulf 
coast for the same money that will take you 
through the dreary, uninhabited Mississippi 
swamps ; we are confident you cannot select a 
line to the South enjoying half the advantages 
that are possessed by the Monon Route and 
its Southern connections. 

No one should thinkof going South without 
visiting the Mammoth Cave, the great natural 
wonder of this continent So much has been 

ntrv for the fol W'"^" of tl"S world-famous wonder, that it is 
impossible to say anything new in reijard to it 

descr'ih.-ii; its c,ivr.,-ns must be 


er. The classificaiio 

of capitals is won 

ly simplilied. Eleve 

I letters are foi-mc< 

e general plan; ten o 

n anolher; and Ih 

n a third. The grada 

liim is simply per 

The business forms 

are elaborately en 

,-a not evcL-pled- and 
expectations are not satisfied by its 
marvelous avenues, domes and starry grottoi 

graved on steel. The whole series for un 
graded schools is comprised in six book";, but 
for the use of the large graded schools in both 

along the Gulf coast Is alone worth the « 
cost of the whole trip. In full sight of the 
Gulf a;Uhe way, past O-ean Springs, Missis- 
sippi City, Pass Christian, Bay St. Louis and 
Beauvoir, the home of Jeff Davis. 

When you decide to go South make up your 
— •_ 1 .J travel overthelinethat passes through 

ind coimlry there aie six additional books the best country and gives you the best pi 

laller size to meet the demai.ds of a still to stop oven "rhis isemphatically the Mon 

ruradalion Route in connection wilh the Louisville j 

^ Na' 

Coaches, double daily trains. The best t 
cinnati, Louisville, New Orleans or Florida. 
For full information, descriptive books, pamph- 

Stlect several cards of different col 
the center of each fasten by a Utile r 

^mall round piece of black paper. Place ^ts, etc., address E. O. ^IcCorm 

er the card thus prepared a piece of thin '^°''*'i^''" Passenger Agent, Monon Route, 

., ,. ' ' - . r, .■ . "^ E- Randolph street, Chicago, or Wm. S. 

lite ii.sue paper. The variety of hues which Baldwin, General Passenger Agent, 183 

? black assumes is very striking. Dearborn street, Chicago, 





The Latest, Largest, Best and Host Reliable. 

Astronomical. Geographical, Chronological , 
Historical, Political, Statistical, Financial, 
Commercial, Educational, Agricul- 
tural, and Descriptive. ^ 

Over Two Hundred Instructive Maps. Charts 

and Diagrams, from the Latest Official 

aourcea, brought down to June. 1886 

Every Office, Library, or Family should have 




[losr, and inoncyonlcrofflci-s.c.nilully intie.ttd, m:ikinij 
It the latest and most complete Fiuiiily AUas published. 


: entirely new, anil prepared expressly for lhi>- 
irk. ihc-y arc executed in the highest style of ihc 
ip en^ttving art, and taeautirully printed in iranspar- 


ii'M ' ' 'ii'ihe\vork"andaTfea'sny 




m^"t°'r^abo V J'gi ven ['*J?i*liit 
nption of the vanoiis C< 


We have prepared an elaborate and carcfullv com- 
piled ^phabetlcal inilex of every county, town, Vlllage 

pr.-ss..lVu,s^m.! ,.1 „. ;\vhire "there i^'no posroffice, 
ninkmi; iIil- ,.,o.t coiupleW ,.r>d valuable index of the 
Unile.lM.iLv.v.r published. 


c-utered through this great work, 
ThcUble of contents and index of si.bjcc 

iirn readily lo a"y subject, and rendering e 

ulicnlion fi)r otittit. 


) and 81 Wabaah Ave,, CHICAGO. 

1 otfering to thi 
PENCIL. It is made with 
? utmost care, of the VERY 



(.-specially adapted 

iier ihaf, although the line is clear black, yd 
tlie lead being firm and hard, they hold their 
point long. We confidently assert Hiat the 
Gaskki.i. I.kai. Pencil is UNSURPASSED 
in the World. 

Price per Doz., 50c. Per Gross, $4.50 . 

AGENTS WANTED in every city and town, 
3 whom we will give liberal terms. Liberal 
;rnis given to agents on all our goods. 

The 6. A. Gaskell Company, 

79 and 8i Wabash Ave , 


iceoicitjk:. iow_a.. 

The Peircerian System of Pen- 
tnatiHliipy and Peirce^s Philo- 
sophical Treatise of 

ist. A Membership in the Business Department i; 

5 t40.a 


I the 1 

3d. Thet. 
'4lh. Nov 

tenth ediuonnovv ready. Sa,i,|. 
Slh. My Philosophical iVl.u 

Keokuk. lo 


Purlors 21-il Ulrliiker's lluuiir, iIiu'il^-i, 





Sample copies, 10 cts, each; sample pages lor stamp! 
Do not remit in auinips. STENOGRAPHIC PUB- 
LISHING CO., iSo Washington Street, Boston. 





illustrations, $1.3S. Now rfadg. 
its cheapnesa. and the wideepreo'l interest in 
Mexican matters that exists nt present, will 
doubtless combine to ^ve It an appreciative 
reception . "—jfVie HVefc, Toronto, Ontario. 

"The volume before iis is o very creditable 
piece of work met^hanically, and puts Prescott's 
charminK hi-JtoHps ivithin the reach of tlie aver- 
age pi-K'kvt I \i " - EnisKi'li-:!. St. Lonis, Mo. 

Fascinating. ;™CS 

Beyond ; 



's t..o high a plnce 

iiterprising Mr. Al- 

PPPniN ANn '^>^'> ISABELLA. 

" Prosuolt had Uie genius to inv 
facts of history with the charms of 


d Isabella, i 
If EilitioH, in two volumes, small octa 
laper, fliio cloth, gilt tops. Price. $3.21 


tllSTOItr of the ItEIGN of 

eCathoUf. By WilliauH. PnEsccrr. 
), including portraits and other ilhis- 
Popular Edition, from the same 

ilf of the flfteench 
centnry."— London Athenceum. 

" One of the finest histories of mortem times, 
written by an author of rare felicity of diction, 
fervor of imaginatioD. accuracy of statement, 
and exquisite beanty of style. Every one wbn 
reads at all should read Prescott."— Preabi/fe- 
rian, Philadelphia, Pa. 
Hooks, 13S payi-a, 4 ceitta ; Condensed Cnta 

JOHN It. A I.DI.y. I'lihlUlK 


J. S. OBILVIE & CO., Piiblishersj 



GKNl.s WANTED to sell Ihe Gaskell 
piil.lici.lloiis. G. A. Gaskell Co., 

79 Wabash Ave , Chicago. 


"m "'HanVror'""'/",'' """' 
or its thoronsh ma"i "y.""' 

The Wise Broadbrims. 

A Great M\j \0!mM, 

Brother Isaac: (upon incetlnL,' Brother Jona- 
than) How does Ihee do, Brother Jonathan ? 

Bro. Jon.: (shaking Bro. Isaac warmly by 
Ihe hand) Well, I ihank thee, Bro. Isaac. 
Hast thou heard the news.' 

Bro. Isaac: Is it of late and dire import- 

suffering hum 
and "Blood Si 

I her "Catarrh Cure" 

Bro. Isaac: Indeed? I pray for her sue 
cess. I have used her "Catarrh Cure" mvself, 
and can testify to its merit. Her "Blood 
Syrup" I have heard much about, but have 
never seen. Prithee, tell me what it is. 

Read 1 1 

and ii 


entire heading lo this iirticle, and the addresses of live 

merated above amo.,ol- to SK.70. By sendiliVtiran 
express order for Sj.70, with i>ie hei.dinjr, we will scnil 

prepaid. Address KDiTOR,''HOOSl&B^KArURAL. 
isT, 39 Col. Ave., Valparaiso, Ind. 

The Blood is the Life! 



Aunt Mary has a?B'l«i<Ud'io '^tir^ arr i pa icu . 


Aunt Mary's Blood Syrup 

Is [lilt tip in pint bottle* .md sold -it Si. SOpi'i" l>i'>t- IT 
IS NOT IN Tlili HANDS OF DIinGGlS'l-S, and 
can only be procured direct from Aunt Mary. 






^iS ''-A Self-Teaching Penmanship, 


Not Hundreds, But Thousands 


ELL CO.. 79 Wabash Ava., CHICAGO, ILL 


Many of trie Icanicre of a few yean ago are now leaching penmaiuhip, some in ihe cuie 
^ood saLine*. An army of good wrilcre has thus sprune up. and for thLs class, as well : 

in large cjlics. How to Alak« Inks Of all ^Indfl and Cnlora. &c., Ac. Ii cive. specimens from thJ 
leading penmen of Engbnd. Germany. France »nd the Umled Stales— the most superb work ever published in a book I 
Thc«: pblcs have cost a large sum. It contains nearly 300 royal q.iarto paftcs. tleeontly bound. In iihort, it b the mosi 
rem.irkab1e boob of the kind ever publbhed in the world. The price In SS>00, for which it will be mailed prc- 

l^ Special to every subscriber of the Gazette. 

For .1 ctul) of Ten Subscriptions to the "Gazette and Educator" and $10, we give this ele 
gaiit book free. To every SuusfRiRER to tlie G \/ei i f, we will mail a copy postpaid, on re- 
ceipt of if :> 75. SPECIAIj OFFER! Address all Orders to 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO., 79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 

Mailed postpaid on receipt of price. Address, 


79 Wabaah Avenue, CHICAOO. 




79 Wabash Avenue, CHICAGO, ILL. 




School of Business. 

CHARLES R. WELLS, Director. 

ing ample facilities for obtaining a useful 
HiisinesiS Ediicalion at home. Tlie plan ha^ 
been fully tested in practice, and [he school is 
very successful operation, registering 

isfactory rcsulti. 

Pamphlet, circulars and blanks, giving detailed 
formation, sent on application. Address, in- 
ising stamp, 
PROF. R. S. HOLMES, Plainfield, N. J. 


WH, D. BEIDOE, Principal, Plainfield, N. J. 

Department of I'lionoBrrapliy. 

Department of tlie StenoicrapU, 

By.inineeiiioii^systcmofliiilriiction. fully^ed bj 
W. M. ri Bariholomew. invenlor of the Stenograph, ihi 

' ^FoVdrc7,l.m, orpaymenl of fees, .-.ddrcss 

R S HOLMES, A M, Registrar, 

qucntly his work is forcible, iind at the same time ernccfnl. The speed willi wi 

very smooth stroke. His style is a happy bit- ndinR of the business with the o^^^• 


Voiircard writing, in freedom or movement, smoothness of shade, and quality ol li.iir lint', Jnual's. the bi-^l'a 
superior to that of any self-styled "best pcnm:in in America." ri. F. KELT.EY. 



Any of the followingr promptly executed, and sent prepaid upon receipt of price: 


from fo 

tkcie: obil^iq-cte: ^^oi^TDiEJie, 

"3/ ,^^^^ 1 ai-:i,^/,s'r"''^"'' '"■*"■"'■• '''"''"^•'""' 

79 Wabash Ave.. CHICAGO, ILL. 


7B Wabash Avenuei CHICAGO, ILL. 





ved. No 



' j^^/,//^... 


sh Aveijue, CHICAGO 



"""'" ^ jU 




^ i) 

-^ 1 


/. »r*^ 




S^vT.-.; ^ 





The Croat Rock IsUirnl Rout. 





:X».A."tTXj E. ••TTXTZT. BI.001^SBt;j"Ea-. FJi.., T7. S. Ji.. 



P roven U t it llair <i Hllllun to Ik- Ihc most iK.,mln R 

R eadabi© l" ^'^-;;j^^^r'"'-^" "^ lanBU^c plmn ch»sic, nml Jo.iil.l E 

* pproved by cdiCorB. physicians. clerRymcn. cntics. and lilcnit | 
T horough troatmpnt of eubjects (wpccinlly impoftftnt to younK me N 
E veryone who "wuiu to know, you know," will Had it laicrcstiD Q 
4 Parts, 3S Chapter*, 930 Pages, 200 lllustratlone, and 

A NEW FEATURE, iy"..iSrJir?r„°:.i.Tr 

FR EE°-^FsSS'°IlS^'f?^^^^ 

HDBSIyViLL PIIB,"'C0.,'i29 (HO East iStll St., New Tort. 

ACT yoa/Z STfr/QA^^/^ Jtpjs:^ y^0 7 

The PENMAN'S GAZETTE and send 

rth double the money 

Also mention whether desired for 

JOS. DIXON CRUCIBLE CO., - - Jersey City, N. J. 




sfsTERS ( 

. 86UTH 



J. liA UER £ CO., C/i:r„!;o, III. 

Gkntlemex.— The No. E 1-2 " Squ.ire Grand " Piano which I received from jou about 
the 1st of September, proves to be one of the tinesl toned instruments I ever heard. 

Every one who has heard It, speaks with unstinted praises of its quality of tone and beauty 
of finish. I am truly thankful that I decided to purchase a Bauer. Very respectfully yours, 

A. .Sheridan Jonks, Supt. of Public Inst. 

JULIUS BAUER & CO, 156-158 Wabasii Ave., Chicago. 


The Cross FoTUitain and Gold Pens. 

1 to the following facts and features of the A. T. Cross Stylographic P* 

, that have placed them at the head ol 

Wc desire lo call atlentic 
all Stylographic Pens, and given them their 

ist. They are the only really two-part pen. 2d. They are made exclusively of gold, rubber, and platinum,— substances entirely unaf. 
fecled by the action of acid inks. 3d. The use of the oscillating needle enables the writer to hold the pen at any natural angle, while other 
pens, as, is well known, require to be held nearly or quite perpendicularly, lo facilitate the flow ot ink. 4th. The pen can be filled or cleaned 
by unscrewing one joint only, and there is no liability of soiling the fingers in removing springs and needles from the section in order to clean 
the pen, as by the Cross patents the extension air tube spring and needle are connected, and preclude the possibility of losing valuable parts by 
accidentally Jiropping same out of the section. Jth. These pens are fully guaranteed, and the Indorsement by the' entire trade of the United 
States and Canada proves the siiperioritv of the A. T. Cross over all othc-rs. 

Send us $2.50, and v 

le, and has the very desirable feature of not rolling when kiid on t he- Ji sk, 1 liis 
n. Short, Plain, Elegantly chased Bane!. Price, $2.00. 

I mail the above pen, and send the Penman's Gazette for one year, logetlier 

THE G. A. GASKELL CO.. 79 Wabash Avenue, Chicago, III. 

ini^ii at his ajjtc in t»>c world. His pcnni.uisliiii is iirlis- 
liciilly |K-r(o:t."-G. A. UASKEI.L. 


Tlurt ;ir«! live men at the back of this pnper nnd ■( 
(iiiu lo stAv. The rc^lar price is (io cents tier v 
III if vo.i w'lll scnrt mc 60 «"«». ? will l>'"l yo'.r .. 

Sample Copies, 7c. Send for one 

c »v.r>l of your fricndi to order with 


Number of Card, in each package ; 



le A.— PUIn Wliite, good quality, - 



B.-Wfil,lli.B Bristol, very best, - 


C.-flllt K,l80, aaioried, - - - 

• SI 


D.— Be.el Qllt Edge, tbe finest, - 

■ Sf 


E.-BeTeli of Cream anil Whit., 



G,-«llk and S.lln B.Tol., - - - 

.60, Be.eli, Morled, . 



1— Elite, the latest styles, - - - 



Address Lines— extra, - - - 

■ fj 


unxiirptissfif s/>trimen of bo hi btisint 

t Wf 


iap» ol a letter, nnd any qiustioHs „>,x- 


0,1 1 

ipiahly of unruled /■<,per. price 30 cents 


jrou wish your name v/rillm in ussori 

d .Uyle. n, 

n„„ons, send 61 CSDtB, and the hant 


possihly write will be scnl you. 


gant specimirns of off-hand flourisi 






9 aJIowlug ttie pen to be nrilhilrswn 

Tlioeramp%cftho flngors V MntinQoaj writlne, indThlctilS 
PEH TO BSmo IT D:m7 TO THE PAP::e, 1: Tfhollj OTBtwrno. 

Noi. 2 vA 3, Uodiom; 1 vA 5, oztu wldo. 

Business Writers! 

L. MADARASZ, Box 2116, N. Y. City.